Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

GR4110006

1.3 Site name

LIMNOS, LIMNES CHORTAROLIMNI KAI ALYKI, KOLPOS MOUDROU ELOS DIAPORI KAI CHERSONISOS FAKOS, NISOS SERGITSI KAI NISIDES DIAVATES KOMPIOKASTRIA, TIGANI, KARKALAS, PRASONISI KAI THALASSIA PERIOCHI

1.4 First Compilation date

1997-02

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:1997-02
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:25.194295
Latitude:38.115877

2.2 Area [ha]

42757.7100

2.3 Marine area [%]

71.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR41Voreio Aigaio

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA402Accipiter brevipes           
BA402Accipiter brevipes           
BA168Actitis hypoleucos             
BA247Alauda arvensis             
BA229Alcedo atthis           
BA229Alcedo atthis           
BA054Anas acuta           
BA056Anas clypeata             
BA704Anas crecca crecca           
BA050Anas penelope           
BA050Anas penelope    2186     
BA705Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos           
BA705Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos    55  75     
BA705Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos    2500  3200     
BA055Anas querquedula           
BA703Anas strepera strepera             
BA394Anser albifrons albifrons           
BA394Anser albifrons albifrons    14  20     
BA255Anthus campestris             
BA255Anthus campestris    50         
BA228Apus (Tachymarptis) melba           
BA226Apus apus           
BA699Ardea cinerea cinerea             
BA699Ardea cinerea cinerea             
BA634Ardea purpurea purpurea           
BA635Ardeola ralloides ralloides             
BA059Aythya ferina           
BA061Aythya fuligula             
BA688Botaurus stellaris stellaris             
BA396Branta ruficollis             
BA396Branta ruficollis    45  60       
BA133Burhinus oedicnemus           
BA133Burhinus oedicnemus    190  230     
BA087Buteo buteo           
BA403Buteo rufinus           
BA403Buteo rufinus       
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla           
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla    200       
BA144Calidris alba           
BA672Calidris alpina alpina           
BA147Calidris ferruginea           
BA145Calidris minuta           
BA145Calidris minuta    33  50     
BA146Calidris temminckii           
BA010Calonectris diomedea           
BA010Calonectris diomedea    50  150             
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus           
BA682Charadrius alexandrinus alexandrinus           
BA682Charadrius alexandrinus alexandrinus    20  30     
BA682Charadrius alexandrinus alexandrinus    36  60     
BA734Chlidonias hybrida                 
BA198Chlidonias leucopterus           
BA197Chlidonias niger                 
BA667Ciconia ciconia ciconia           
BA080Circaetus gallicus           
BA081Circus aeruginosus           
BA081Circus aeruginosus       
BA082Circus cyaneus           
BA082Circus cyaneus           
BA083Circus macrourus           
BA084Circus pygargus             
BA231Coracias garrulus           
BA113Coturnix coturnix           
BA113Coturnix coturnix    30       
BA038Cygnus cygnus             
BA036Cygnus olor           
BA036Cygnus olor           
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)           
BA698Egretta alba (Casmerodius albus albus)               
BA698Egretta alba (Casmerodius albus albus)    15         
BA697Egretta garzetta garzetta           
BA447Emberiza caesia           
BA101Falco biarmicus       
BA098Falco columbarius           
BA098Falco columbarius       
BA100Falco eleonorae               
BA100Falco eleonorae    475  475         
BA095Falco naumanni           
BA095Falco naumanni    131  150     
BA709Falco peregrinus brookei       
BA709Falco peregrinus brookei       
BA097Falco vespertinus           
BA321Ficedula albicollis             
BA320Ficedula parva             
BA723Fulica atra atra           
BA723Fulica atra atra           
BA153Gallinago gallinago             
BA689Gavia arctica arctica           
BA689Gavia arctica arctica    79  90     
BA707Hieraaetus fasciatus (Aquila fasciata)       
BA707Hieraaetus fasciatus (Aquila fasciata)       
BA131Himantopus himantopus           
BA131Himantopus himantopus    40  60     
BA251Hirundo rustica           
BA617Ixobrychus minutus minutus             
BA233Jynx torquilla             
BA338Lanius collurio                 
BA339Lanius minor             
BA433Lanius nubicus             
BA179Larus (Chroicocephalus) ridibundus             
BA177Larus (Hydrocoloeus) minutus           
BA177Larus (Hydrocoloeus) minutus       
BA181Larus audouinii    22  65             
BA182Larus canus                 
BA180Larus genei                 
BA176Larus melanocephalus           
BA176Larus melanocephalus           
BA614Limosa limosa limosa           
BA246Lullula arborea           
BA242Melanocorypha calandra    30       
BA242Melanocorypha calandra    30       
BA767Mergellus albellus           
BA767Mergellus albellus    14  16     
BA069Mergus serrator           
BA069Mergus serrator    65  70     
BA230Merops apiaster           
BA230Merops apiaster    15  25     
BA260Motacilla flava           
BA768Numenius arquata arquata             
BA610Nycticorax nycticorax nycticorax                 
BA337Oriolus oriolus             
BA771Passer hispaniolensis             
BA020Pelecanus crispus                 
BA072Pernis apivorus           
BA392Phalacrocorax aristotelis desmarestii           
BA392Phalacrocorax aristotelis desmarestii    36  40     
BA392Phalacrocorax aristotelis desmarestii    120  120             
BA391Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis           
BA393Phalacrocorax pygmaeus           
BA151Philomachus pugnax           
BA151Philomachus pugnax       
BA663Phoenicopterus roseus           
BA663Phoenicopterus roseus    1400     
BA607Platalea leucorodia leucorodia           
BA700Plegadis falcinellus falcinellus           
BA140Pluvialis apricaria           
BA140Pluvialis apricaria    254  260     
BA141Pluvialis squatarola             
BA691Podiceps cristatus cristatus           
BA692Podiceps nigricollis nigricollis           
BA719Porzana parva                 
BA119Porzana porzana           
BA464Puffinus yelkouan           
BA464Puffinus yelkouan    50  150             
BA132Recurvirostra avosetta           
BA132Recurvirostra avosetta    118  118     
BA132Recurvirostra avosetta           
BA249Riparia riparia             
BA731Sterna (Gelochelidon) nilotica nilotica                 
BA631Sterna (Sternula) albifrons albifrons               
BA631Sterna (Sternula) albifrons albifrons           
BA191Sterna (Thalasseus) sandvicensis               
BA191Sterna (Thalasseus) sandvicensis           
BA193Sterna hirundo           
BA193Sterna hirundo    12  15     
BA210Streptopelia turtur             
BA397Tadorna ferruginea           
BA397Tadorna ferruginea    20  30     
BA397Tadorna ferruginea    936  950     
BA048Tadorna tadorna           
BA048Tadorna tadorna    62  80     
BA048Tadorna tadorna           
BA161Tringa erythropus           
BA161Tringa erythropus       
BA166Tringa glareola           
BA164Tringa nebularia           
BA164Tringa nebularia       
BA165Tringa ochropus           
BA163Tringa stagnatilis           
BA162Tringa totanus           
BA142Vanellus vanellus             
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
A062Aythya marila                   
A062Aythya marila                   
A062Aythya marila                   
A067Bucephala clangula                   
A067Bucephala clangula                   
A067Bucephala clangula                   
A726Charadrius dubius curonicus                   
A726Charadrius dubius curonicus                   
A726Charadrius dubius curonicus                   
A211Clamator glandarius                   
A211Clamator glandarius                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A152Lymnocryptes minimus                   
A152Lymnocryptes minimus                   
A152Lymnocryptes minimus                   
A158Numenius phaeopus                   
A158Numenius phaeopus                   
A158Numenius phaeopus                   
A435Oenanthe isabellina                   
A435Oenanthe isabellina                   
A690Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis                   
A690Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis    40  45             
A690Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis                   
A690Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis    40  45             
A690Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis                   
A690Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis    40  45             
1349Tursiops truncatus                   
1349Tursiops truncatus                   
1349Tursiops truncatus                   
1349Tursiops truncatus                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0123.36
N022.66
N035.17
N080.01
N0917.79
N111.88
N1231.61
N2115.97
N231.54

Total Habitat Cover

99.99000000000001

Other Site Characteristics

Alyki is a shallow coastal salt lagoon and Chortarolimni is a coastal seasonal brackish marsh (hereafter they are called lakes for simplicity).The lakes Alyki and Chortarolimni are located in the eastern part of the island of Limnos, along the coastal zone and in close proximity to each other. The surface of the lakes ia about 600 ha and 230 ha respectively. Between the two lakes there is a smaller one (Asprolimni, ca. 42 ha). The access to the wetland is difficult during the rainy season and is made possible through a trail. The latter is close to the road that connects the communities of Roussopoulio, Romano, Kalliopi and Kontopoulio with the habitation centre of the community of Moudros.Alyki is covered, for the most part, by sea water in contrast to Chortarolimni which is empty of water most of the time. When there is no water Alyki as well as Chortarolimni form an extended salt meadow the skirts of which that face the sea are devoid of vegetation due to the severe winds. The area of the meadow is occupied by salt scrubs (Salicornia sp., Arthrocnemum sp., Tamarix sp.) intermixed with glasswort swards. In the outer zone of the skirts one finds Juncus sp., Erica sp., Cistus sp., Euphorbia sp. and Sarcopoterium spinosum. Wooded formations are very scattered within the broader area (olive trees, Vitex agnus, Elaegnus angustifolius, Ficus carica, Quercus macrolepis - habitat type 9350). There also exist mosaic-type areas of Phragmites australis and Arundo donax. The rest of the area is covered mostly by scrub and phrygana with a few stands of Oak trees.The marine site Includes the coastal marine area along the northwestern, western and southern coast of Limnos Island and nearby Islets extending 1 n.m. west of Cape Trigies in the north, until Cape Agla Irini in the southeast. The area engulfs more than 15 islets, covered mainly by phrygana, which are located 0.2-0.7 n.m. off the coast. These islets, as well as the steep coastal cliffs and rocky coastline of Limnos provide a multitude of suitable nesting and roosting sites for seabirds. Apart from seablrds, dolphins and the Mediterranean Monk Seal are present In the area. The marine site incorporates a 0.5 n.m. marine extension along the northern coast of Limnos and up until Cape Mourtzeflos In the west, a 1 n.m. marine extension along the western and southern coast of Limnos and nearby islets, as well as a 2.7 n.m. marine extension around Sergitsi islet In the northwestern tip of Limnos. Falco eleonorae population values are based on LIFE - Nature «Δράσεις προστασίας για τον Μαυροπετρίτη Falco eleonorae στην Ελλάδα» (LIFE03 NAT/GR/000091) Alyki is a shallow coastal salt lagoon and Chortarolimni is a coastal seasonal brackish marsh (hereafter they are called lakes for simplicity). The lakes Alyki and Chortarolimni are located in the eastern part of the island of Limnos, along the coastal zone and in close proximity to each other. The surface of the lakes is about 600 ha and 230 ha respectively. Between the two lakes there is a smaller one (Asprolimni, ca. 42 ha). The access to the wetland is difficult during the rainy season and is made possible through a trail. The latter is close to the road that connects the communities of Roussopoulio, Romano, Kalliopi and Kontopoulio with the habitation centre of the community of Moudros. Alyki is covered, for the most part, by sea water in contrast to Chortarolimni which is empty of water most of the time.When there is no water Alyki as well as Chortarolimni form an extended salt meadow the skirts of which that face the sea are devoid of vegetation due to the severe winds. The area of the meadow is occupied by salt scrubs (Salicornia sp., Arthrocnemum sp., Tamarix sp.) intermixed with glasswort swards. In the outer zone of the skirts one finds Juncus sp., Erica sp., Cistus sp., Euphorbia sp. and Sarcopoterium spinosum. Wooded formations are very scattered within the broader area (olive trees, Vitex agnus, Elaegnus angustifolius, Ficus carica, Quercus macrolepis - habitat type 9350). There also exist mosaic-type areas of Phragmites australis and Arundo donax.Finally, a narrow zone of ammophilous psammophytic vegetation extends at the seashore [fine sand, unstabilised dunes -Ammophila arenaria, Eryngium maritimum, Pancratium maritimum followed by a transitional zone with stabilised dunes - Centaurea spinosa, Thymus sp. (habitat type 2260)]. NOTES: Maps of the Hellenic Army Geographical Service, the Royal Greek Navy Hydrographic Service and the British Navy Hydrographic Service were used to delimitate the present site. The road which follows the contour line at 10 m was considered as the best approximation to the relief since it is laid out parallel to the row of hills. It includes drainage-basins that end at the lakes Alyki and Chortarolimni.Since the marine area of the site is in the northern Aegean Sea, the water is more turbid and the depth curve at 20 m was regarded as a satisfactory approximation to the lower limit of distribution of the submarine meadows (Posidonia oceanica beds). The whole plateau is considered to be covered by submarine meadows. Their presence is shown on the map of the Navy Hydrographic Service though it is possible that large areas of the plateau may be devoid of vegetation (Posidonia oceanica) due to the great hydrodynamism. In the case of habitat type 1170 (reefs), boundaries were drawn by following the depth curve at 10 m (Keros reefs) and the corresponding one at 5 m (Petalida reefs). The difference between the two depth curves is justified by the greater hydrodynamism at Keros reefs.

4.2 Quality and importance

The wetland of Alyki and Chortarolimni retains the natural element in an excellent, almost ideal state. Especially Alyki may be the only natural salt lake in Greece with so large a surface that has not been influenced by man. The presence of saline and brackish areas in Alyki and Chortarolimni, respectively, as well as the rarity of fresh water (springs, rivers etc) create the picture of a unique landscape that reminds of a typical semi-desert. Breeding birds include the Ruddy Shelduck, the Common and Little Tern, Kentish Plover, Stone Curlew (one of the largest populations in Greece), Bee-eater, Lesser Kestrel, Marsh Harrier, Quail, etc. The geographical position of the site is of great significance since several migratory birds use it as a resting place. In addition, references of the site exist in international-european inventories of biotopes-wetlands (important bird area ICBP- IWRB, Corine biotopes). Among the wintering birds, Flamingoes, Red-breasted Geese and many other ducks are present in significant numbers. The area is alco rich in birds of cultivated areas, like the Calandra Lark, Short-toed Lark and Black-headed Bunting. Finally, rare birds of prey like the Lanner Falcon nest in this site. The breeding population of the Mediterranean Shag (Ί 20 pairs) is the third largest In the Northern Aegean Sea. They forage along the entire marine area of the IBA. Only a part of the breeding population remains In the area all year round (up to 104 Individuals have been recorded), while the majority disperses during the post-breeding season. A marked increase in the post-breeding population has been recorded in the wider area of Thasos, located approximately 70 km north of Limnos Island. Thus it Is suspected that part of the Mediterranean Shag population of Limnos spends the post-breeding period around Thasos and in the vicinity of Nestos river estuary. The site is one of the main breeding sites of the Adouin's Gull in the Northern Aegean Sea. The colony sites are located in the northern and southern part of the IBA. The birds use neighbouring coastal watersfor feeding and nesting. Significant numbers of the Yelkouan and Cory's Shearwater breed in the site. Colony raft formation is restricted within the site's marine boundary. Feeding shearwaters have been recorded in coastal waters throughoutthe entire marine area the site however most foranging activity takes place beyondthe site's boundary. Flocks of both shearwater species, consisting of up to several hundred individuals, are reguralrly seen foraging at open seathroughout the Thracian Sea to thenorth of Limnos (fromSamothraki island in the east to Chalkidiki peninsula in the west), as well as towards the east and southeast (Lesvos island). All the above areas comprise rich fishing grounds and therefore are favorite sharewater foranging sites. No known colonies occur within those foraging areas, thus it is assumed that some of these foraging shearwaters originate from colonies to Limnow. The only available data on the pelagicshearwater distribution in the area originate from ESAS surveys but these are not sufficient to delineate pelagic foraging areas. Further telemetry surveys are required to establish the foraging distribution of shearwaters breeding on the islets of Lesvos. The wetland of Alyki and Chortarolimni retains the natural element in an excellent, almost ideal state. Especially Alyki may be the only natural salt lake in Greece with so large a surface that has not been influenced by man. The presence of saline and brackish areas in Alyki and Chortarolimni, respectively, as well as the rarity of fresh water (springs, rivers etc) create the picture of a unique landscape that reminds of a typical semi-desert. Furthermore, the avifauna of the site enhances this similarity. The limited data we have so far, show that the wetland supports a fair number of rare and threatened species protected by international conventions or legislation.As far as avifauna species are concerned, the wetland of Alyki and Chortarolimni is one of the few sites in the region where breeding of Glareola pratincola, Himantopus himantopus and Recurvirostra avosetta takes place. It is also one of only 100 or less sites in the EC where breeding of Falco naumanni occurs. The geographical position of the site is of great significance since several migratory birds use it as a resting place. In addition, references of the site exist in international-european inventories of biotopes-wetlands (important bird area ICBP- IWRB, Corine biotopes). The fauna is also enriched by important invertebrate species: Scopaeus lemnicus and Isophya lemnotica are two species endemic to Limnos island, Poecilimon mytilinensis is endemic to Lesvos and Limnos islands whereas Rhacocleis agiostratica is endemic to Limnos and Ag. Efstratios islands.The above testify the significant scientific importance of the site which can be used for educational and biological research purposes. Lastly, one should not fail to mention that the importance of the area lies on cultural reasons as well because of the nearby archaeological site (ancient Hephaestia).OTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES WITH MOTIVATION DBirds: Larus argentatus is included in Ánnex II2 of the directive 79/409/EEC.Amphibians and reptiles: Rana ridibunda is referred in annex V of the directive 92/43/EEC.Coluber caspius and Ophisops elegans are protected by the Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981 and are referred in annex IV of the directive 92/43/EEC. Invertebrates: Platycnemis pennipes is considered in need of protection (Van Tol J. and Verdonk M.J. 1988). Stylurus flavipes is referred in annex IV of the directive 92/43/EEC. It is also considered in need of protection (Van Tol J. and Verdonk M.J. 1988, Collins N.M. and Wells S.M. 1987, Koomen P. and van Helsdingen P.J. 1993). Hyles hippophaes is included in annex IV of the directive 92/43/EEC, in annex V of the IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals (1988) and in the checklist of threatened invertebrates in CORINE-Biotopes project. It is also considered in need of protection (Collins N.M. and Wells S.M. 1987, Koomen P. and van Helsdingen P.J. 1993). Plants: Pancratium maritimum: the sea-lily is a typical Mediterranean species of sand dunes whose populations follow a decreasing trend because of the destruction of its habitats. Anthemis werneri ssp. werner is an endemic species protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81).

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA04i
MA04.01i
LA07i
LA08i
HC01.01i
HC03.03b
MC03.03i
LD01i
MD04i
HD05i
ME03.01i
ME03.03i
HF03.01i
MF05.05i
MG04.01i
MJ02.12i
HJ02.12i
MK03.04i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR958.00
IN0676.98

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Pla?-Korakia-Parthenomytos (Moudrou)*0.58
GR95Komi-Tourles-Chortalimni (Romanou-Roussopouliou-Kalliopis)+6.88
GR95Poliochni-Thymarelia (Livadochoriou-Agiou Dimitriou-Atsikis)*0.43
GR95Palaiokastro-Alepotrypes-Voutsadika (Panagias-Plakas)*0.11

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Pla?-Korakia-Parthenomytos (Moudrou)*0.58
Komi-Tourles-Chortalimni (Romanou-Roussopouliou-Kalliopis)+6.88
Poliochni-Thymarelia (Livadochoriou-Agiou Dimitriou-Atsikis)*0.43
Palaiokastro-Alepotrypes-Voutsadika (Panagias-Plakas)*0.11

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY