Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR4120001

1.3 Site name

SAMOS: PARALIA ALYKI

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-03

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1995-12
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:27.018889
Latitude:37.706111

2.2 Area [ha]

307.0700

2.3 Marine area [%]

50.1600

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR41Voreio Aigaio

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1150  info  X     9.09302  0.00 
1210  info      0.3148  0.00 
1410  info      17.3525  0.00 
1420  info      1.76273  0.00 
2110  info      2.99695  0.00 
5210  info      47.2332  0.00 
5420  info      10.063  0.00 
9320  info      20.5422  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
R1227Chelonia mydas                   
R1293Elaphe situla    51  100     
R1219Testudo graeca    51  100     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
1353Canis aureus      Family group           
1353Canis aureus      Family group             
1235Chamaeleo chamaeleon    500  650             
1235Chamaeleo chamaeleon    500  650             
1235Chamaeleo chamaeleon    500  650             
1286Coluber najadum    51  100             
1286Coluber najadum    51  100             
1286Coluber najadum    51  100             
Hemidactylus turcicus    501  1000             
Hemidactylus turcicus    501  1000             
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
6139Laudakia stellio    501  1000             
6139Laudakia stellio    501  1000             
Natrix natrix    51  100             
Natrix natrix    51  100             
Ophrys bombyliflora                   
Ophrys bombyliflora                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1289Telescopus fallax    51  100             
1289Telescopus fallax    51  100             
1289Telescopus fallax    51  100             
Thymus samius                   
1294Vipera xanthina    51  100             
1294Vipera xanthina    51  100             
1294Vipera xanthina    51  100             
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0150.60
N029.10
N034.15
N041.22
N050.01
N060.29
N0826.11
N154.47
N180.01
N220.87
N233.17

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The island of Samos lies in the east central part of the Aegean sea very close to Asia minor, from which its eastern end is separated by a strait, at the narrowest only 1200 m wide. The climate is typical Mediterranean with mean annual rainfall exceeding 500 mm. The marine part covers 29% of the site and the terrestrial part includes the area of Alyki is a big sandy beach, located in the South-eastern part of the island, 0.2 km W of Psili Ammos village. It is a shallow lagoon, which occupies the area of the old salt-pits where works stopped in 1970. The coastal shingle and sandy zone is rather narrow and does not allow the development of well-formed ammophilous plant associations. The vegetation of the beach is generally poor in plants which develop mostly as isolated individuals. At certain points of the coast, where organic substances accumulate and the beach consists almost exclusively of shingle, the presence of ammonitrophilous species is evident, as: Anthemis tomentosa, Salsola kali, Medicago marina, Limonium virgatum, L. sinuatum etc. Centaurea spinosa frequently participates in this vegetation unit. At the area of the lagoon (a flat area along the coast flooded by water during winter) halophilous formations result. The dominant species in this area are: Limonium sinuatum, L. vulgare, Juncus heldreichianus, Juncus acutus, Phragmites austalis, Sarcopoterium spinosum and species of the genus Tamarix. During the last decades the area of Alyki has developed to an importand wetland. It must be mentioned that the typical plant species of habitat type 9320 are in the form of shrubs.

4.2 Quality and importance

The quality and importance of the site result mainly from the big number of bird species visiting or breeding annually at the wetland. The area hosts more birds than many other islands due to the vicinity the Turkish mainland. It is also a very important staging post for bird migration on the Turkish coast flyway. The area of Alyki is a place of great aesthetic and ecological value, as similar formations are rather rare in the Aegean islands.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01i
LA01i
LC01.01.02i
MD01.02b
MD03.03b
ME01.03b
MF02.01.02b
LF02.03i
MF02.03.03b
MF03.01i
MF03.02.03b
MF03.02.05b
MF05.01b
MF05.05b
LG01.01i
MG01.01.01b
MG01.04.03b
HG02i
MH01b
MH03.01b
LJ01o
ML05b
ML09b
LL09o
MM01.07b
MM02.04b
LUb
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA01i
LUb

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR285.96
GR9540.04

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Argyrou, Psili Ammos Dimou Vatheos*40.04
GR28Ygrotopoi Samou (Alyki, Glyfada, Kampos Choras)*5.96

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Argyrou, Psili Ammos Dimou Vatheos*40.04
Ygrotopoi Samou (Alyki, Glyfada, Kampos Choras)*5.96

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY