Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR4120002

1.3 Site name

SAMOS: OROS AMPELOS (KARVOUNIS)

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-03

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1996-08
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:26.820000
Latitude:37.759167

2.2 Area [ha]

4896.6100

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR41Voreio Aigaio

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
4090  info      48.8828  0.00 
5420  info      10.4329  0.00 
8210  info      0.89327  0.00 
92C0  info      4.00781  0.00 
9530  info  X     1697.05  0.00 
9540  info      2269.84  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
I1078Callimorpha quadripunctaria           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Acantholimon echinus ssp. echinus                   
Asperula samia                   
Astragalus ptilodes                   
1353Canis aureus                   
1353Canis aureus                     
Cephalanthera epipactoides                   
Colchicum boissieri                   
Corydalis integra                   
Crocus olivieri ssp. balsanae                   
Datisca cannabina                   
Epipactis helleborine                   
Epipactis helleborine                   
Epipactis helleborine                   
Erodium sibthorpianum ssp. vetteri                   
Fritillaria bithynica                   
Fritillaria carica                   
Galanthus elwesii                   
Genista parnassica                   
Listera ovata                   
Lomelosia polykratis                   
1331Nyctalus leisleri                   
1331Nyctalus leisleri                   
1331Nyctalus leisleri                   
Onopordum majorii                   
Orchis tridentata                   
Orchis tridentata                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
Ranunculus subhomophyllus                   
Scutellaria rubicunda ssp. icarica                   
Silene urvillei                   
Thymus samius                   
Tordylium hirtocarpum                   
Verbascum ikaricum                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N081.60
N157.46
N1782.10
N187.72
N221.12

Total Habitat Cover

99.99999999999998

Other Site Characteristics

The island of Samos is located at the eastern part of the central Aegean sea, very close to the coasts of Asia Minor. The climate is typical mediterranean with mean annual rainfall exceeding 500 mm. The mountain Ampelos (Karvounis) occupies the central part of the island. The highest summit is Profitis Ilias (1093 m). The site is a well forested mountainous area, characterised mainly by temperate coniferous forests, sclerophyllous scrub and exposed limestone rocks. Grazing and farming have affected the upper parts of the mountain less than usual in the Aegean, so much natural or semi-natural vegetation is still present. There are not main habituated areas within the proposed site and due to the lack of main roads the approach to the district by car is rather difficult. The traditional cultivation of cereals, vineyards and olive trees although nowadays limited are still balanced. It must be mentioned that habitat type 9540 concerns Pinus brutia forests.

4.2 Quality and importance

The quality and importance of the site result mainly from the great number of endemic and very rare plants and invertebrates existing in the area. This high degree of endemism derives mainly from the geographical location of Samos island (very close to Asia Minor) as well as from the high altitudes and the fair variety of biotopes existing within the proposed site. It is worth noting that the plant species Asperula samia, Thymus samious and Erodium sibthorpianum ssp. vetteri are local endemics. It must be mentioned, as well, that due to the isolation from the main tourist areas of Samos island and the limited human activities within the site, the Pinus brutia and P. pallasiana ssp. nigra, forests are at a very good conservation status.OTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES WITH MOTIVATION DPlants: The following species are protected by the CITES Convention: Cephalanthera epipactoides, Epipactis helleborine, Listera ovata, Orchis tridentata (Annex C); Astragalus ptilodes (rare), Corydalis integra (rare), Fritillaria bithynica (rare), Lomelosia polykratis (rare), Silene urvillei (rare). The characterizations given concern the plant’s status in Greece.These species are also protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81). Tordylium hirtocarpum is protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81).Note: Scutellaria rubicunda ssp. icarica (=Scutellaria brevibracteata ssp. icarica) is endemic to Samos and Ikaria.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA04i
LBi
LC03.02o
LF03.01i
HF03.02i
LJ01i
HJ01.01i
MJ03.01.01b
HL09i
LUb
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01i
MD01.01i
LUb

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR0784.81
GR9529.12

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Aspros Vrachos Dendrias (Ampelou-Manolaton)*29.12
GR07Oros Karvouni stin Samo*84.81

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Aspros Vrachos Dendrias (Ampelou-Manolaton)*29.12
Oros Karvouni stin Samo*84.81

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY