Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR4120003

1.3 Site name

SAMOS: OROS KERKETEFS - MIKRO KAI MEGALO SEITANI - DASOS KASTANIAS KAI LEKKAS, AKR. KATAVASIS - LIMENAS

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-03

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1997-12
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:26.633889
Latitude:37.742222

2.2 Area [ha]

6721.0800

2.3 Marine area [%]

14.8900

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR41Voreio Aigaio

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1210  info      2.33813  0.00 
1240  info      33.4108  0.00 
2110  info      2.04992  0.00 
4090  info      66.8047  0.00 
5420  info      1003.7  0.00 
8210  info      89.4025  0.00 
9290  info      73.0723  0.00 
92C0  info      10.5189  0.00 
92D0  info      0.431003  0.00 
9320  info      0.493013  0.00 
9540  info      3105.14  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
I1078Callimorpha quadripunctaria           
P1478Consolida samia             
M1306Rhinolophus blasii                 
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum                 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Acantholimon echinus ssp. echinus                   
Alyssum samium                   
Anthemis rosea ssp. rosea                   
Arenaria guicciardii                   
Astragalus ptilodes                   
1353Canis aureus      Family group           
1353Canis aureus      Family group             
Centaurea xylobasis                   
Cyathophylla chlorifolia                   
Epipactis helleborine                   
Epipactis helleborine                   
Epipactis helleborine                   
Erodium sibthorpianum ssp. vetteri                   
Fritillaria bithynica                   
Galanthus elwesii                   
Genista parnassica                   
Hypericum cuisinii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
Listera ovata                   
Muscari kerkis                   
Onopordum majorii                   
Papaver nigrotinctum                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
Pteris vittata                   
Pterocephalus pinardii                   
Ranunculus thasius                   
Scutellaria rubicunda ssp. icarica                   
Sideritis sipylea                   
Silene samia                   
Thymus samius                   
Tordylium hirtocarpum                   
Verbascum ikaricum                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N015.18
N040.21
N051.76
N0826.55
N1516.81
N160.39
N1726.60
N1810.29
N2211.79
N230.42

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The island of Samos lies in the east central part of the Aegean sea very close to Asia minor, from which its eastern end is separated by a strait, at the narrowest only 1200 m wide. The climate is typical Mediterranean with mean annual rainfall exceeding 500 mm. Mount Kerkis (1434 m) is located in Western Samos and compines a summit area with oreo-mediterranean vegetation, moist valleys and forests to the north, limestone cliffs and unusually extensive areas of scree to its west side. The mountainous block of Kerkis consists mainly of schists and marbles. The site is a well forested area, characterised mainly by temperate coniferous forests (mainly Pinus brutia and Cupressus sempervirens) and sclerophyllous scrub. The zonal vegetation of the area is divided into the following four zones. 1. Oleo-Ceratonion occupies the coastal warmer areas and reaches the 250-300 m. The formations of the evergreen, sclerophyllous shrubs, occur as unmixed or underwood vegetation of the Pinus brutia forests. 2. Quercion ilicis begins at the upper limits of Oleo-Ceratonion and reaches up to 600-700 m. It is characterised by the dominance of Quercus ilex, Fraxinus ornus and Arbutus unedo. Pinus brutia is best developed in this zone. 3. Quercetalia pubescentis extends from the 600-700 m to the 900-1000 m, where the appearance of forest vegetation stops. It is characterised by the dominance of different species of deciduous shrubs Crateogus spp., Prunus spp., Rosa spp., Quercus pubescens et al. as well as isolated individuals of Pinus pallasiana ssp. nigra. 4. Daphno-Festucetalia appears on the highest tops of Kerkis above the forest limits. The dominance of spiny shrubs with a characteristic cushion form (Astragalus spp., Genista parnassica, Acantholimon androsaceum et. al. is impressive. Except Juniperus foenicea and Juniperus oxycedrus, which also appear in lower zones, Juniperus foetidisima is found with a characteristic creeping form. In that zone we found the most endemics, such as Alyssum samium, Erodium sibthorpianum subsp vetteri, Anthemis rosea and Centaurea xylobasis. For the most part the coastline consists of rocky and craggy areas, while the sandy beaches are very limited. Mikro and Megalo Seitani is an area of sandy beaches, of great aesthetic and ecological value, located at the north part of the site. Dasos Kastanias and Lekkas are well forested areas located at the western part of the site, characterised by natural stands of Cupressus sempervirens. Grazing and farming has effected the upper parts of the mountain less than usual in the Aegean, so much natural or semi natural vegetation is still present. There are not main habituated areas within the main mountainous part of the site and due to the lack of main roads the approach to the district by car is rather difficult. The decline of agricultural activities has resulted in many cultivated areas being abandoned, especially the mountainous ones. The vineyards and olive groves are often no longer cultivated and so, step by step, they are being taken over by natural vegetation. Clearing the land for the extension of cultivation is rarely done. As a result the site’s natural vegetation is not nowadays unduly affected by agriculture; indeed, it develops undisturbed and extends wherever possible, even into cultivated areas.It must be mentioned that habitat type 9540 concerns Pinus brutia forests.

4.2 Quality and importance

The quality and importance of the site result mainly from the great number of endemic and very rare plants and invertebrates existing in the area. This high degree of endemism derives mainly from the geographical location of Samos island (very close to Asia Minor) as well as from the high altitudes and the fair variety of biotopes existing within the proposed site. It is worth noting that the plant species Alyssum samium, Anthemis rosea ssp. rosea, Centaurea xylobasis, Muscari kerkis, Consolida samia and Erodium sibthorpianum ssp. vetteri are local endemics. It must be mentioned, as well, that due to the isolation from the main tourist areas of Samos island and the limited human activities within the site, the Pinus brutia and Cupressus sempervirens forests are at a very good conservation status. The area has more birds of prey than many other islands due to the vicinity the Turkish mainland. It is also a very important staging post for bird migration on the Turkish coast flyway and it is characterized as one of the Important Bird Areas (IBA) in Europe. The area of Mikro and Megalo Seitani, an area of great aesthetic and ecological value, is important to both Caretta caretta and Monachus monachus.OTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES WITH MOTIVATION D Plants: The following species are protected by the CITES Convention: Epipactis helleborine, Listera ovata, Orchis tridentata (Annex C);. Acantholimon echinus ssp. echinus, S is species with distribution in Greece and Anatolia. Sideritis sipylea is a species of W. and C. Anatolia extending to the East Aegean Islands (Lesvos, Chios, Samos, Ikaria). The following species are included in the IUCN Red Data List in the category of threatened plants: Astragalus ptilodes, Pterocephalus pinardii, Papaver nigrotinctum (=Papaver argemone ssp. Nigrotinctum). These species are also protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81). Pteris vittata (rare), Cyathophylla chlorifolia (vulnerable) are included in the IUCN Red Data List (1993) in the category of threatened plants. Tordylium hirtocarpum is protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81).Notes: 1) The IUCN characterizations given concern the plant’s status in Greece; 2) Scutellaria rubicunda ssp. Icarica (=Scutellaria brevibracteata ssp. Icarica) is endemic to Samos and Ikaria. The species Papilio alexanor, is protected by the Greek law 67/1981.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA01i
LA04i
LA05.01o
LBi
LC03.02i
LC03.03i
MD01.02b
LD02.03i
MD03.03b
ME01.03b
LE03.03i
MF02.01.02b
MF02.03.03b
MF03.01i
HF03.02i
MF03.02.03b
MF03.02.05b
MF05.01b
MF05.05b
MG01.01.01b
MG01.04.03b
MG02.08o
MH01b
MH03.01b
LJ01i
HJ01.01i
ML05b
ML09i
MM01.07b
LUb
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA01i
MD01.01i
LUb

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR0113.81
GR0758.11

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR01Mikro kai Megalo Seitani Samou (Periochi A1-pyrinas)+3.79
GR07Oros Kerkis stin Samo*58.11
GR01Mikro kai Megalo Seitani Samou (Periochi A2)+10.02

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Mikro kai Megalo Seitani Samou (Periochi A1-pyrinas)+3.79
Oros Kerkis stin Samo*58.11
Mikro kai Megalo Seitani Samou (Periochi A2)+10.02

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:FOREST DIRECTORATE OF SAMOS
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY