Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR4120004

1.3 Site name

IKARIA - FOURNOI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-03

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1997-04
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:26.482500
Latitude:37.580000

2.2 Area [ha]

13035.9000

2.3 Marine area [%]

27.3300

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR41Voreio Aigaio

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1240  info      284.809  0.00 
1310  info      0.00         
1410  info      0.2345  0.00 
2110  info      0.00         
2260  info      0.00         
3170  info  X     0.00         
3290  info      0.00         
4090  info      375.376  0.00 
5210  info      2049.11  0.00 
5330  info      58.0013  0.00 
5420  info      3803.57  0.00 
6220  info  X     1.0602  0.00 
8210  info      32.8628  0.00 
8220  info      59.697  0.00 
9260  info      11.8928  0.00 
92C0  info      30.1226  0.00 
92D0  info      0.966432  0.00 
9320  info      192.563  0.00 
9340  info      73.9926  0.00 
9540  info      165.175  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0126.66
N030.01
N040.40
N053.45
N062.27
N0852.61
N092.61
N151.80
N160.50
N170.87
N183.18
N225.06
N230.58

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The island of Icaria is situated at the east central part of the Aegean sea, SW of Samos island and close to Asia Minor coasts. The climate is typical Mediterranean with mean annual rainfall exceeding 870 mm. The annual mean temperature reaches up to 19.3 °C, while its maximum and minimum values are 22.5 and 15.7 °C. Mount Atheras (the highest summit, 1042 m) is located at central Icaria and consists mostly of schist. Frequent mist and cloud formation make the highest part relatively humid even in summer. Here the open type of vegetation is the result of grazing; the small thickets at a few protected spots indicate, that the island was once totally covered by forest.On the southern side (Agios Nikolaos) there are large, well developed limestone cliffs. A significant proportion of the endemic flora of the island is present in that part. There is also a constantly flowing river (habitat type 3170), Chalaris, that crosses the island from the south to the north, with oriental plane woods flanking its banks (habitat type 92C0). An archaeological site, the temple of Tavropolos Artemis, is situated at the mouth of the river. It must be mentioned that: a) habitat type 9540 concerns Pinus brutia forests; b) habitat type 9340 describes Quercus ilex arborescent formations.The third area, Fanari, includes mainly the marine habitat types of the site, typical of the open sea and mediterranean marine environment, with sandy shores and Posidonia beds.Fournoi consist a complex of small islands SE of Icaria island. It’s noteworthy to mention, that even though their total surface is relatively small, their coasts (about 126 Km in length) are characterised by most typical aegean cliffs, reefs and cavities.

4.2 Quality and importance

A main element of the quality and importance of the site is its high biodiversity, explicit in the variety of habitat types and in the plenitude of endemic and local endemic plants and invertebrates existing in the area. This high degree of endemism (e.g, species endemic to Ikaria, such as Symphytum icaricum and species endemic to the East Aegean, such as Cephalaria squamiflora ssp. squamiflora, Onopordum majorii), derives mainly from the geographical location of Icaria island (very close to Asia Minor) as well as from the high altitudes and the fair variety of biotopes existing within the proposed site. It must be mentioned, as well, that due to the isolation from the main tourist areas of Greece and the limited human activities within the site, the Pinus brutia forests and the mixed Cupressus sempervirens formations on Icaria island are at a very good conservation status. Only one population of this species is known, north of Plagia. In addition, the undisturbed marine biotopes which maintain an excellent conservation status, mainly on Fournoi islands, offer a representative ecosystem for the survival and conservation of rare or endangered species in the Mediterranean region, such as the monk seal (Monachus monachus) and dolphin (Tursiops truncatus). It is also a very important staging post for bird migration on their seasonal coast flyway. It is for the above reasons that this area forms an environment ideal for the creation of an east-mediterranean marine park. OTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES WITH MOTIVATION D Plants: The endemic species Linum gyaricum, Verbascum ikaricum, Nigella icarica, Polygonum icaricum, Symphytum icaricum (a local endemic), Rorippa icarica are protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81) and are included in the European Red List of Globally threatened plants and in the IUCN Red Data List (1993), in the category of threatened plants characterised as Rare, all except O. majorii whose degree of threat is inteterminate. The following species are protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81) and are included in the IUCN Red Data List (1988, 1993) in the category of threatened plants: Pteris dentata (endangered, in Greece and Europe while its World status is unknown); Corydalis integra, Muscari macrocarpum and Galanthus ikariae (rare in Greece and in Europe), all endemic to the East Mediterranean Region; Campanula hagielia (rare) also included in European List of Globally Threatened Animals and Plants. Galanthus ikariae is also protected by the CITES convention, Annex BII). The species Digitalis cariensis (only in Ikaria in Greece), Dianthus elegans is mediterranean endemics, occurring in Anatolia and only in the East Aegan islands in Europe. In addition, the species Ophisops elegans, Agama stellio and Cyrtodactylus kotschyii are included in Corine-Checklist of threatened animals.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA04i
MA04.02i
MB01.02i
MD03.03b
ME01.03b
LE04i
MF02.01.02b
MF02.03.03b
MF03.02.05b
MF05.01b
MF05.05b
MG01.01.01b
MG01.04.03b
MG02.08i
MH01b
MH03.01b
MJ01i
LJ02.06i
ML05b
ML09i
MM01.07b
LUb
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LD01.01i
LUb

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR00100.00

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:1. FISHERIES DIRECTORATE OF SAMOS, 2. FOREST DIRECTORATE OF SAMOS
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY