Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

GR4120006

1.3 Site name

NISOS FOURNOI KAI NISIDES THYMAINA ALATONISI, THYMAINAKI, STRONGYLO, PLAKA, MAKRONISI, MIKROS KAI MEGALOS ANTHROPOFAGOS, AGIOS MINAS KAI THALASSIA PERIOCHI

1.4 First Compilation date

2001-10

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2001-10
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:26.470140
Latitude:38.941213

2.2 Area [ha]

24068.9100

2.3 Marine area [%]

81.3800

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR41Voreio Aigaio

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA228Apus (Tachymarptis) melba    30  30     
BA226Apus apus           
BA699Ardea cinerea cinerea           
BA699Ardea cinerea cinerea           
BA634Ardea purpurea purpurea                 
BA635Ardeola ralloides ralloides                 
BA087Buteo buteo           
BA403Buteo rufinus       
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla           
BA010Calonectris diomedea    200  500     
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus           
BA667Ciconia ciconia ciconia               
BA667Ciconia ciconia ciconia           
BA080Circaetus gallicus               
BA081Circus aeruginosus                 
BA083Circus macrourus               
BA084Circus pygargus                 
BA231Coracias garrulus           
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)           
BA697Egretta garzetta garzetta                 
BA447Emberiza caesia           
BA100Falco eleonorae    327  327     
BA095Falco naumanni           
BA095Falco naumanni    18  20     
BA709Falco peregrinus brookei       
BA707Hieraaetus fasciatus (Aquila fasciata)       
BA092Hieraaetus pennatus (Aquila pennata)           
BA251Hirundo rustica           
BA251Hirundo rustica           
BA695Hydrobates pelagicus melitensis           
BA617Ixobrychus minutus minutus                 
BA339Lanius minor           
BA339Lanius minor       
BA179Larus (Chroicocephalus) ridibundus                 
BA177Larus (Hydrocoloeus) minutus           
BA181Larus audouinii    70  90     
BA073Milvus migrans               
BA260Motacilla flava           
BA610Nycticorax nycticorax nycticorax                 
BA094Pandion haliaetus               
BA771Passer hispaniolensis           
BA072Pernis apivorus               
BA392Phalacrocorax aristotelis desmarestii    25  50     
BA391Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis           
BA691Podiceps cristatus cristatus           
BA692Podiceps nigricollis nigricollis           
BA464Puffinus yelkouan           
BA464Puffinus yelkouan    500  500     
BA210Streptopelia turtur             
BA210Streptopelia turtur             
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A435Oenanthe isabellina                   
A435Oenanthe isabellina                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover

0

Other Site Characteristics

Fournoi consist a complex of 16 small islands SE of Icaria island. It’s noteworthy to mention, that even though their total surface is relatively small, their coasts (about 126 Km in length) are characterised by most typical aegean cliffs, reefs and cavities. The dominant vegetation is prygana and maquis with some olive-groves and cereal fields.The site engulfs the entire coastal marine area of Fournoi and Thymaina islands, apart from the area surrounding the northern peninsula of Fournoi from the Gulf of Skalofono in the west up to the Gulf of Vathylakkos in the east. The area encloses all 18 islets located in the region. The island of Fournoi has an extremely convoluted coastline, shaped in part by the flow of streams, some of which are perennial, forming small valleys, numerous small gulfs and headlands. Surrounding islets are characterised by calcareous rocks and steep, as well as low, rocky shores. The small Islets are mainly covered by halophytic vegetation, while the larger ones by sparse phrygana, providing ample habitat for nesting and roosting seabirds. Fallen boulders and numerous crevices create burrows, which are used by breeding shearwaters. The water depth is generally small, the continental shelf gently inclining to reach 290 m in the southern part. The site comprises a refuge for the Mediterranean Monk Seal, a significant population of which breeds here. Dolphins are often seen feeding in the area, such as the Striped Dolphin and the Common Bottle-nosed Dolphin. Falco eleonorae population values are based on LIFE - Nature «Δράσεις προστασίας για τον Μαυροπετρίτη Falco eleonorae στην Ελλάδα» (LIFE03 NAT/GR/000091)

4.2 Quality and importance

This is an important area for breeding seabirds and species typical of Mediterranean scrub.This is an important site for all 6 seablrd species occurring in Greece. A large mixed colony of Cory's and Yelkouan Shearwaters is located on one of the islets, holding an estimated population of 800-1,000 pairs of each species. These are the third largest colonies for both species on a national scale. The greatest raft count recorded reaches 2,500 Individuals on one single evening at a small distance from the colony islet Both species are frequently observed feeding In the area Individually or in large flocks of up to 200 birds. The area holds the second largest breeding population of the Audouln's Gull In Greece (16-86 pairs), which has been monitored since 1996. The local breeding population has often moved between breeding islets, overall using at least three of them. The population size seems to have declined over the last decade mainly owing to the selection of suboptimal sites to breed due to competition with Yellow-legged Gulls, as well as the Increased disturbance occurring at the site.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA02b
HC03.03bb
HE01b
MF02i
MG05.02i
MI01i
HI01b
MJ03.01.01i
MJ03.02i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR00100.00

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY