Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

GR4120008

1.3 Site name

SAMOS: OROS KERKIS

1.4 First Compilation date

2009-08

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2010-03
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:26.015000
Latitude:38.125833

2.2 Area [ha]

9117.7700

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR41Voreio Aigaio

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA402Accipiter brevipes           
BA402Accipiter brevipes           
BA247Alauda arvensis           
BA247Alauda arvensis           
BA255Anthus campestris           
BA228Apus (Tachymarptis) melba           
BA228Apus (Tachymarptis) melba    10  10     
BA226Apus apus             
BA215Bubo bubo           
BA087Buteo buteo           
BA087Buteo buteo           
BA087Buteo buteo           
BA403Buteo rufinus           
BA403Buteo rufinus       
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla           
BA010Calonectris diomedea             
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus           
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus           
BA080Circaetus gallicus               
BA080Circaetus gallicus           
BA081Circus aeruginosus             
BA231Coracias garrulus           
BA113Coturnix coturnix             
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)       
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)           
BA697Egretta garzetta garzetta           
BA447Emberiza caesia           
BA447Emberiza caesia    50  70     
BA446Emberiza cineracea             
BA379Emberiza hortulana             
BA100Falco eleonorae           
BA100Falco eleonorae    10  12     
BA095Falco naumanni           
BA709Falco peregrinus brookei           
BA709Falco peregrinus brookei           
BA097Falco vespertinus           
BA321Ficedula albicollis           
BA707Hieraaetus fasciatus (Aquila fasciata)         
BA092Hieraaetus pennatus (Aquila pennata)       
BA131Himantopus himantopus           
BA439Hippolais olivetorum             
BA251Hirundo rustica           
BA233Jynx torquilla             
BA338Lanius collurio           
BA338Lanius collurio           
BA339Lanius minor           
BA433Lanius nubicus           
BA433Lanius nubicus           
BA180Larus genei             
BA176Larus melanocephalus           
BA176Larus melanocephalus           
BA614Limosa limosa limosa           
BA246Lullula arborea           
BA246Lullula arborea           
BA230Merops apiaster           
BA230Merops apiaster           
BA260Motacilla flava             
BA337Oriolus oriolus             
BA771Passer hispaniolensis             
BA771Passer hispaniolensis             
BA072Pernis apivorus               
BA072Pernis apivorus           
BA392Phalacrocorax aristotelis desmarestii           
BA700Plegadis falcinellus falcinellus           
BA691Podiceps cristatus cristatus           
BA692Podiceps nigricollis nigricollis           
BA464Puffinus yelkouan           
BA464Puffinus yelkouan           
BA249Riparia riparia             
BA731Sterna (Gelochelidon) nilotica nilotica             
BA210Streptopelia turtur           
BA210Streptopelia turtur           
BA307Sylvia nisoria             
BA440Sylvia rueppelli    30  50     
BA166Tringa glareola           
BA164Tringa nebularia           
BA165Tringa ochropus           
BA163Tringa stagnatilis           
BA162Tringa totanus           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Acantholimon echinus ssp. echinus                   
Alyssum samium                   
Anthemis rosea ssp. rosea                   
Arenaria guicciardii                   
Astragalus ptilodes                   
Centaurea xylobasis                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
Cyathophylla chlorifolia                   
Epipactis helleborine                   
Epipactis helleborine                   
Epipactis helleborine                   
Erodium sibthorpianum ssp. vetteri                   
Fritillaria bithynica                   
Galanthus elwesii                   
Genista parnassica                   
Hypericum cuisinii                   
A641Larus fuscus intermedius                   
A641Larus fuscus intermedius                   
Listera ovata                   
Muscari kerkis                   
A435Oenanthe isabellina                   
A435Oenanthe isabellina                   
Onopordum majorii                   
Papaver nigrotinctum                   
Pteris vittata                   
Pterocephalus pinardii                   
Ranunculus thasius                   
Scutellaria rubicunda ssp. icarica                   
Sideritis sipylea                   
Silene samia                   
Thymus samius                   
Tordylium hirtocarpum                   
Verbascum ikaricum                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N010.84
N0850.24
N091.91
N160.79
N1722.74
N192.76
N2120.70
N230.02

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

Mount Kerkis (1434 m) is located in Western Samos and compines a summit area with oreo-mediterranean vegetation, moist valleys and forests to the north, limestone cliffs and unusually extensive areas of scree to its west side. The mountainous block of Kerkis consists mainly of schists and marbles. The site is a well forested area, characterised mainly by temperate coniferous forests (mainly Pinus brutia and Cupressus sempervirens) and sclerophyllous scrub. The zonal vegetation of the area is divided into the following four zones. 1. Oleo-Ceratonion occupies the coastal warmer areas and reaches the 250-300 m. The formations of the evergreen, sclerophyllous shrubs, occur as unmixed or underwood vegetation of the Pinus brutia forests. 2. Quercion ilicis begins at the upper limits of Oleo-Ceratonion and reaches up to 600-700 m. It is characterised by the dominance of Quercus ilex, Fraxinus ornus and Arbutus unedo. Pinus brutia is best developed in this zone. 3. Quercetalia pubescentis extends from the 600-700 m to the 900-1000 m, where the appearance of forest vegetation stops. It is characterised by the dominance of different species of deciduous shrubs Crateogus spp., Prunus spp., Rosa spp., Quercus pubescens et al. as well as isolated individuals of Pinus pallasiana ssp. nigra. 4. Daphno-Festucetalia appears on the highest tops of Kerkis above the forest limits. The dominance of spiny shrubs with a characteristic cushion form (Astragalus spp., Genista parnassica, Acantholimon androsaceum et. al. is impressive. Except Juniperus foenicea and Juniperus oxycedrus, which also appear in lower zones, Juniperus foetidisima is found with a characteristic creeping form. In that zone we found the most endemics, such as Alyssum samium, Erodium sibthorpianum subsp vetteri, Anthemis rosea and Centaurea xylobasis.

4.2 Quality and importance

This site is very important for birds of prey like the Long-legged Buzzard and for typical mediterranean scrub birds such as the Ruppell's Warbler and the Cretzschmar's Bunting. Moreover, the existence of many cliffs facilitates nesting of several species, most notable the Alpine Swift.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA01i
LA04i
LA05.01o
LB01i
MC03.03b
MF03.01i
MF05.04i
LJ01i
ML09b
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA01i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
IN0667.84

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR01Mikro kai Megalo Seitani Samou (Periochi A1-pyrinas)*2.77
GR07Oros Kerkis stin Samo*44.41
GR01Mikro kai Megalo Seitani Samou (Periochi A2)+7.33

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Mikro kai Megalo Seitani Samou (Periochi A1-pyrinas)*2.77
Oros Kerkis stin Samo*44.41
Mikro kai Megalo Seitani Samou (Periochi A2)+7.33

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:FOREST DIRECTORATE OF SAMOS
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY