Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR4130001

1.3 Site name

VOREIA CHIOS KAI NISOI OINOUSSES KAI PARAKTIA THALASSIA ZONI

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-03

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1996-08
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:26.074444
Latitude:38.518056

2.2 Area [ha]

34476.4000

2.3 Marine area [%]

11.5800

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR41Voreio Aigaio

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1120  info  X     0.00   
1240  info      70.8061  0.00 
1410  info      0.9938  0.00 
5420  info      23830.8  0.00 
91M0  info      11.5848  0.00 
92C0  info      150.891  0.00 
9540  info      3308.38  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
I1078Callimorpha quadripunctaria           
R1293Elaphe situla                 
M1355Lutra lutra             
R2373Mauremys rivulata             
M1310Miniopterus schreibersii    90  500   
M1307Myotis blythii                 
M1321Myotis emarginatus    20  500   
M1306Rhinolophus blasii                 
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum    25  500   
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros    15  500   
R1219Testudo graeca           
M1349Tursiops truncatus                 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
Astragalus ptilodes                   
2361Bufo bufo                   
2361Bufo bufo                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
Campanula hagielia                   
Cephalanthera epipactoides                   
1278Coluber caspius                   
1278Coluber caspius                   
1278Coluber caspius                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
Convolvulus scammonia                   
Cyclamen persicum                   
1282Eirenis modesta                   
1282Eirenis modesta                   
1282Eirenis modesta                   
Fritillaria bithynica                   
Fritillaria carica                   
Galanthus elwesii                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1251Lacerta trilineata    1001  10000             
1251Lacerta trilineata    1001  10000             
1251Lacerta trilineata    1001  10000             
6139Laudakia stellio                   
6139Laudakia stellio                   
Limodorum abortivum                   
Lomelosia polykratis                   
5004Myotis aurascens                   
5004Myotis aurascens                   
5004Myotis aurascens                   
Natrix natrix                   
Natrix natrix                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
1268Ophisops elegans    1001  10000             
1268Ophisops elegans    1001  10000             
1268Ophisops elegans    1001  10000             
Orchis coriophora ssp. fragrans                   
Orchis provincialis                   
Orchis provincialis                   
Orchis sancta                   
Orchis sancta                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii    10  500             
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii    10  500             
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii    10  500             
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus    10  500             
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus    10  500             
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus    10  500             
Polygonum icaricum                   
Pterocephalus pinardii                   
5360Rana bedriagae                   
5360Rana bedriagae                   
5360Rana bedriagae                   
Senecio bicolor                   
Sideritis sipylea                   
Silene urvillei                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
Thlaspi bulbosum                   
1294Vipera xanthina                   
1294Vipera xanthina                   
1294Vipera xanthina                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0111.15
N051.20
N0861.46
N1517.82
N177.44
N230.93

Total Habitat Cover

100.00000000000001

Other Site Characteristics

The island of Chios can be divided, in terms of morphology and vegetation, into three regions: The mountainous northern and western region, including the Pelinaion range (1297 m), the Kampos area which is a much cultivated belt in the east centre, and the hilly south-eastern region, famed for the cultivation of Pistacia lentiscus var. chia and the production of gum mastic. The site contains most of the first region and Oinouses, while its marine part covers 18% of the area. Oinouses is a group of small islands and islets 9 miles north-east of Chios town. The main characteristics of these islands are the open hills with light scrub and narrow valleys fall sharply to the sea with tiny coastal plains. Regarding geology, the greater part of Chios is composed of coarse grey, chalky limestone, forming, particularly in the northern region, bold ridges, rugged summits and craggy cliffs. In the north-west bulge of the island limestones are replaced by Palaeozoic schists and greywacke, and the hills are rounded with gentler slopes and wider valleys. Some other remarkable characteristics of the site are: the extensive area with evergreen shrubs and phrygana (a part of this area is used for grazing), the Pinus brutia forest which in some cases is dense and well conserved, the inland water bodies especially in the NE part of Chios, the extended arable part of the site, and the extensive aquatic area with posidonia beds and reefs. NOTESThe existence of reed beds - another habitat type not included in Annex I - within a wetland near Laggadas should also be noted.

4.2 Quality and importance

The most remarkable elements indicating the quality and importance of the site are: (1) The variety of habitat types within the described area. (2) The interesting flora of the area with many endemic and rare plant species. (3) The great number of migratory birds passing trough the site every year. It should be noted that the site (and the island of Chios, in general) is located in a migration passage of birds. (4) The numerous reptiles which have been recorded in the area. Many of them are species of Community interest, according to the Directive 92/43/EEC. (5) The interesting plant and animal communities in the wetlands of Limnos Kardamilon, Delfini-Givari and Parpanta (all of them in the NE part of Chios) (6) The extensive and in good condition aquatic ecosystems of reefs and posidonia beds. Callimorpha quadripunctaria (Annex II) prefers moist and shady habitats like streams or rivers which were more abundant in the north part of the island, where the species was common, but such habitats were were absent from Oinnouses. Equally important is the presence of three reptile species (Testudo graeca, Elaphe situla and Mauremys rivulata) of Annex II . Nine reptiles species and three amphibian species of Annex IV have also been recorded .

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA01i
LA04i
LD02.01.02i
MD03.03b
ME01.03b
LE03.01i
LE03.02i
LE04i
MF01i
HF01.01i
MF02b
MF02.01.02b
HF02.02.01o
HF02.02.04o
MF02.03.03b
LF03.01i
MF03.02.03i
MF03.02.05b
MF05.01b
MF05.05b
MG01.01.01b
MG01.04.03I
MG01.04.03b
MG04.01i
LG05.02b
MG05.07I
HG05.07i
MG05.09I
MH01b
LH01i
LH01.03i
LH01.05b
MH03.01b
LH03.01b
MH03.03b
LI01b
MI02b
MJ02.01b
MJ02.01i
MJ02.05.02i
MJ02.10b
MJ02.10i
LJ03.01b
ML05b
LL09i
MM01.01b
MM01.07b
MM02.01b
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LUb

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR956.29

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Nisides Agios Panteleimon, Pateroniso kai Vatos Dimou Oinousson*0.13
GR95Agios Galaktos Dimou Amanis*0.35
GR95Kyminas Koinotitas volisou, Pispilountas, Fyton tou Dimou Amanis*1.85
GR95Prastia-Perdika (Volissou-Sidirountas)*0.00
GR95Agia Markella-Ezousa (Volissou-Pyramas-Parparias-Trypon)*0.00
GR95Zygomata (Volissou-Potamias)*1.82
GR95Korakies-Lygari (Parparias)*1.34
GR95Monastiri Oinouson+0.76
GR95Kourounia-Nenitouria*0.03

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Nisides Agios Panteleimon, Pateroniso kai Vatos Dimou Oinousson*0.13
Agios Galaktos Dimou Amanis*0.35
Kyminas Koinotitas volisou, Pispilountas, Fyton tou Dimou Amanis*1.85
Prastia-Perdika (Volissou-Sidirountas)*0.00
Agia Markella-Ezousa (Volissou-Pyramas-Parparias-Trypon)*0.00
Zygomata (Volissou-Potamias)*1.82
Korakies-Lygari (Parparias)*1.34
Monastiri Oinouson+0.76
Kourounia-Nenitouria*0.03

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY