Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR4210001

1.3 Site name

KASOS KAI KASONISIA – EVRYTERI THALASSIA PERIOCHI

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-03

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1996-08
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:26.908755
Latitude:37.557365

2.2 Area [ha]

21487.3700

2.3 Marine area [%]

67.9200

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR42Notio Aigaio

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1110  info      7231  0.00   
1120  info  X     1715  0.00   
1170  info      1370  0.00   
1240  info      351.127  0.00 
1310  info      0.480048  0.00 
1430  info      30.836  0.00 
2110  info      0.292957  0.00 
3170  info  X     0.00         
3290  info      0.00         
5210  info      826.531  0.00 
5330  info      688.783  0.00 
5420  info      3978.64  0.00 
8210  info      3.43253  0.00 
8330  info      0.00   
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
P4082Crepis pusilla    grids1x1   
A5359Lyciasalamandra helverseni           
P1459Silene holzmannii           
M1349Tursiops truncatus                 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
Allium rubrovittatum                   
Alyssoides cretica                   
Anacamptis pyramidalis                   
Anacamptis pyramidalis                   
Anthemis ammanthus ssp. ammanthus                   
Arenaria fragillima                   
Aristolochia cretica                   
Arum creticum                   
Axinella polypoides                   
Axinella spp                   
C. taxifolia var. distichophylla                   
Campanula carpatha                   
Campanula pinatzii                   
Caulerpa cylindracea                   
Caulerpa sp                    
Centaurea aegialophila                   
Conomurex persicus                   
Crepis tybakiensis                   
Crocus tournefortii                   
Cymodocea nodosa                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
Cystoseira compressa                   
Cystoseira corniculata                   
Cystoseira crinita                   
Cystoseira crinita                    
Cystoseira foeniculacea f. schiffneri                   
Cystoseira spp                   
Dianthus fruticosus ssp. carpathus                   
Halophila stipulacea                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
Hymenolobus procumbens                   
Hypericum cuisinii                   
Lithophyllum tortuosum                   
Madracis pharensis                   
Melibe viridis                   
Melobesioideae                   
Nigella carpatha                   
Noaea mucronata                   
Ophidiaster ophidianus                   
Ophrys bombyliflora                   
Ophrys bombyliflora                   
Ophrys tenthredinifera                   
Ophrys tenthredinifera                   
Orchis sancta                   
Orchis sancta                   
Papaver nigrotinctum                   
Percnon gibbesi                   
Phlomis floccosa                   
Phlomis pichleri                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
Pteris vittata                   
Salsola aegaea                   
Sedum praesidis                   
Siganus luridus                   
Siganus rivulatus                   
Siganus rivulatus                   
Sparisoma cretense                   
Sphaerechinus granularis                   
Staehelina fruticosa                   
Stypopodium schimperi                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
Teucrium brevifolium                   
Titanoderma trochanter                   
Trigonella rechingeri                   
Xyrichtys novacula                   
Xyrichtys novacula                   
Zygophyllum album                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0147.84
N040.10
N053.94
N060.01
N0841.73
N154.48
N220.01
N231.89

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The site is located at the marine area to the east of Crete, between the islands of Crete and Karpathos. It includes the island of Kasos, its surrounding small islands and the marine area that is included up to the depth curve of 50 m (the marine part covers 2% of the site). It is the southernmost island group of Dodekanisos archipelagos and it comprises 14 small islands and islets; the most important of them are: Armathia, Makronisi, Kariofila, Porioni, Mikro Pontikonisi, Megalo Pontikonisi and Lytra. The largest one (Armathia) with an area of 2567 km2 and maximum altitude 111 m, lies NW of Kasos. The smallest one (Porioni) with an area 21 km2 lies between the islands of Armathia and Makronisi. The island of Kasos (with maximum altitude 597 m), can be cosidered as a typical example of environmental downgrading. It is characterized by areas occupied by phrygana of a bad state, due to the intensive grazing. The predominant plant species are Sarcopoterium spinosum, Thymus capitatus and Genista acanthothamnos; only in the SW part of the island (Avlaki bay) there is a small area with Juniperus phoenicea, which has also been overgrazed. Moreover, there is locally restricted cultivation, occuping different parts on the island. The extensive sea-cliffs around the island, are in an excellent condition. Since 1980 there has been an extremely uncotrolled increase in the number of goat and sheep, that stretches the ability of the ecosystem to overcome. This event has affected the soil and the vegetation adversely; the original maquis have been downgraded to phrygana, the abandoned cultivation has also been occupied by phrygana, the slopes of the mountains have been stripped of their vegetation and the soil has become eroded. The small island of Armathia, is distinguished for the abandoned cultivations at the coastal areas, which have been colonized by phrygana (Thymus capitatus and Limonium graecum), while in the interior of the island and along their slopes there is a formation of Juniperus phoenicea. Nowadays, the grazing is not so intense at this part of the site (Armathia island), so there is a remarkable regeneration of Juniperus phoenicea. There are also sand dunes (of a bad state, with Limonium graecum and Teucrium gracile), shallow inlets and bays and at the western end there is a small lake. On the islet of Makronisi there are saltmarsh scrubs (on the coastal area) and phrygana (in the interior of the island). The islet of Lytra is still under overgrazing. There are phrygana and flattened sea-cliffs. The rest of the islets are characterized by sea cliffs and halophilus vegetation.

4.2 Quality and importance

The quality and importance of the site result from the following elements:1)The island of Kasos is very important for the avifauna of Greece. It is designated as Important Bird Area in Europe. Moreover, it is very important for its invertebrate subfossils (especially terrestrial molluscs subfossils). 2) The small island of Armathia is of great aesthetic value. Also, there is remarkable regeneration of Juniperus phoenicea, which means that the ecosystem follows an upgrade process and it must be protected. 3) In the small island of Armathia as well as in the most of the islets, the human impact is very restricted nowadays. 4) In addition to the included in Annex II animal species, there are many other rare and endemic species of plants and animals. 5) In general terms, the whole of the site is of great aesthetic value featuring also a variety of habitat types remarkable for their representativity as well as for their conservation status.OTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES IN WITH MOTIVATION D Telescopus fallax is protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81). The species Telescopus fallax and Ablepharous kitaibellii are included IV Annex of the Directive 92/43/EEC. Plants: The species Arenaria fragilima, Centaurea aegialophila, Nigella carpatha, Dianthus fruticosus, Phlomis pichleri, Staehelina fruticosa are all protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81). Moreover the following endemic species are included in the IUCN Red Data List (1993) in the category of threatened plants: Phlomis pichleri, Staehelina fruticosa, Dianthus fruticosus ssp. carpathus and Nigella carpatha are included 1993 (Greece, World) and 1988 (Europe) with the characterization «Rare». The following species are included in the IUCN Red Data List (1993) in the category of threatened plants: Hymenolobus procumbens (indeterminate), Pteris vittata (rare), Campanula delicatula (rare), Zygophyllum album (rare), Centaurea aegialophila (vulnerable), Centaurea aegialophila is also included in the CORINE biotopes checklist of threatened plants. The following species are protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81) and are included in the IUCN Red Data List (1993) in the category of threatened plants: Noaea mucronata (rare), Papaver nigrotinctum (=Papaver argemone ssp. nigrotinctum) (rare). Arum creticum is a species with distribution in Crete and the East Aegean (only in SW Turkey out of Greece). The following orchid species are protected by the CITES Convention (Annex C): Anacamptis pyramidalis, Ophrys bombyliflora, Ophrys tenthredinifera, Orchis sancta.Teucrium brevifolium is an S. Aegean species occuring in Anatolia, Egypt and Libya out of Greece.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA01i
HA04i
LA07i
LA08i
LA09i
LD01.01i
LD03.01i
MD03.03b
LE01.03i
ME01.03b
LE03.01i
MF02b
MF02.01b
MF02.01.02b
HF02.02.01o
MF02.03b
LF02.03i
MF02.03.03b
LF03.01i
LF03.02i
MF03.02.05b
LF04i
MF05.01b
MF05.04b
MF05.05b
LG01.01i
MG01.01.01b
MG01.04.03b
HG05.02b
MG05.03i
MG05.07b
MH01b
LH03.01b
MH03.01b
LH03.03b
HI01b
LI02b
HJ03.01b
HK01.01i
LK01.03b
LK03.03b
ML05b
LL09i
HM01.01b
LM01.02b
MM01.07b
MM02.01b
MXOb
HXOb
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA09i
LA11i
LD01.01i
LD03.01i
LE01.03i
LF02.03i
LG01.01i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR952.14

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Nisides Armathia kai Makronisi tis Kasou, Antitilos kai Gaidaros tis TilouΖ.klp*2.14

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Nisides Armathia kai Makronisi tis Kasou, Antitilos kai Gaidaros tis TilouΖ.klp*2.14

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:FOREST DIRECTORATE OF DODEKANISA
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY