Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR4210002

1.3 Site name

KENTRIKI KARPATHOS: KALI LIMNI - LASTOS - KYRA PANAGIA KAI PARAKTIA THALASSIA ZONI

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-01

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1996-08
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:27.138056
Latitude:35.592778

2.2 Area [ha]

9323.1400

2.3 Marine area [%]

9.4800

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR42Notio Aigaio

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1110  info      0.00   
1170  info      0.00   
1210  info      0.00         
1240  info      77.1871  0.00 
1430  info      0.00         
2110  info      1.4789  0.00 
3140  info      0.0884942  0.00 
3170  info  X     0.175461  0.00 
5210  info      514.721  0.00 
5330  info      6.28917  0.00 
5420  info      3384.06  0.00 
6220  info  X     1.67476  0.00 
8140  info      9.66839  0.00 
8210  info      26.7445  0.00 
92D0  info      0.54166  0.00 
9320  info      2.34324  0.00 
9540  info      3640.1  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
P4082Crepis pusilla                     
P4082Crepis pusilla    grids1x1   
A5359Lyciasalamandra helverseni           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
Anthemis ammanthus ssp. ammanthus                   
Anthemis ammanthus ssp. paleacea                   
Arenaria fragillima                   
Arum creticum                   
Axinella polypoides                   
Barlia robertiana                   
Barlia robertiana                   
Campanula carpatha                   
Campanula laciniata                   
Campanula pinatzii                   
Caulerpa cylindracea                   
1008Centrostephanus longispinus                   
1008Centrostephanus longispinus                   
Cephalaria squamiflora                   
Cephalaria squamiflora                   
1274Chalcides ocellatus                   
1274Chalcides ocellatus                   
1274Chalcides ocellatus                   
1278Coluber caspius                   
1278Coluber caspius                   
1278Coluber caspius                   
Conomurex persicus                   
Crepis tybakiensis                   
Crocus tournefortii                   
Cymbalaria microcalyx ssp. dodekanesi                   
Cymodocea nodosa                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
Dianthus fruticosus ssp. carpathus                   
Filago aegaea ssp. aristata                   
Galium amorginum                   
Ganonema farinosum                   
Halophila stipulacea                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
Leptopsammia pruvoti                   
Medicago heyniana                   
Melobesioideae                   
Ophrys bombyliflora                   
Ophrys bombyliflora                   
Ophrys fusca                   
Ophrys fusca                   
Orchis provincialis                   
Orchis provincialis                   
Origanum vetteri                   
Origanum vetteri                   
Pimpinella pretenderis                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
5362Rana cerigensis                   
Ranunculus cupreus                   
Ricotia isatoides                   
Salsola aegaea                   
Sedum creticum                   
Silene insularis                   
Teucrium brevifolium                   
Trifolium praetermissum                   
Tulipa saxatilis                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N019.53
N030.08
N040.36
N053.54
N060.01
N0832.23
N090.07
N1512.74
N160.08
N1736.01
N180.20
N225.07
N230.08

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The site is located in the center of the island of Karpathos and comprises the area that is delimited by the bays Lares, Adeias, Vronti and the Cape Marathos. The marine part covers 8,4% of the site. It is the major mountainous area of the island. The mountain Kali Limni (with maximum altitude 1215 m) occupies the major part of site. There are extensive coniferous woodland of Pinus brutia (the major part of which was burned in the recent past) and phrygana in a good state. It is the most foresty and green area of Karpathos island, especially the eastern slopes of the mountain Kali Limni. As for its geology, there are two types of rocks (petrifications). The areas of siliceous substrate are very smooth, while the areas with limestones have a rugged relief. There are inland cliffs, screes, chasms and small gorges that are typical of the island of Karpathos and springs with running water surrounded by the characteristic accompanying vegetation. Moreover, the coastline is intended, with vegetated sea cliffs, which are very steep, and with not extended sand beaches (e.g. the bay of Kyra Panagia).Small villages, with cultivations all around, are dispersed throughout the site. Access to these villages is by earth-roads.

4.2 Quality and importance

The quality and importance of the site result from the following elements: 1) The site is very important for its terrestrial molluscs subfossils. 2) The natural environment is of great aesthetic value due to its singular geomorphology (cliffs, screes, chasms etc) and its coniferous woodland. 3) There are many rare and endemic species of plants and animals. Silene holzmanii (included in Annex II of the Directive 92/43/EEC) is a vulnerable Aegean endemic (IUCN 1993) protected by the Bern Convention and by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81). It is a vicariant chasmophyte found on circa 15 locations in the Aegean. 4) It is the most forested area of Karpathos island. 5) The composition of the rocks (calcareous and siliceous rocks) existing in the site has given rise to a striking combination of calciphile and silicicolous vegetation.NOTE: the population data for Monachus monachus (3.2.c) refer to the coasts of the whole Karpathos and Saria. OTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES WITH MOTIVATION D: 1) The reptile Hemidactylus turcicus is protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81) 2) The plant species Arenaria fragilima, Silene insularis, Campanula carpatha, Crepis tybakiensis are all protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81) and are also included in the IUCN Red List of threatened species (1993, Greece; 1988 Europe; and 1993, World) with the characterization «Rare». The following species are protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81) and are included in the IUCN Red Data List (1993) in the category of threatened plants: Arum creticum is a species with distribution in Crete and the East Aegean (only in SW Turkey out of Greece). Filago aegaea ssp. aristata is a plant with distribution in S. and E. Aegean, the Ionian Islands, Crete and Cyprus. The following orchid species are protected by the CITES Convention (Annex C): Ophrys bombyliflora. Teucrium brevifolium is an S. Aegean species occuring in Anatolia, Egypt and Libya out of Greece. Note: The IUCN characterizations given concern the plant status in Greece, unless otherwise stated.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA01i
MA04i
LA05.02i
LA07i
LA08i
LA09i
LD01.01i
LD01.02i
LD02.01i
MD03.03b
LE01.03i
ME01.03b
LE03.01i
MF02b
MF02.01.02b
MF02.02.01o
MF02.03.03b
MF03.01i
MF03.02.05b
MF05.01b
MF05.04b
MF05.05b
MG01.01.01b
MG01.04.03b
LG05.02b
MG05.07b
MH01b
LH01.08b
LH03.01b
MH03.01b
LH03.03b
HI01b
MJ03.01b
HK01.01i
LK01.03b
LK03.03b
ML05b
HL09i
HM01.01b
LM01.02b
MM01.07b
MM02.01b
MXOb
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA01i
LA05.02i
LA08i
LA11i
LD01.01i
LD01.02i
LD02.01i
LE01.03i
LE04.01i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR9516.71

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Meloura (Othou Karpathou)*0.74
GR95Ntia-Lastos-Flaskounia (Voladou Karpathou)+4.80
GR95Kaminakia-Agios Epifaneios-Makrygialos (Mesochoriou Karpathou)*7.63
GR95Aspri Petra-Poua-Cha? (Spoon Karpathou)*3.55

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Meloura (Othou Karpathou)*0.74
Ntia-Lastos-Flaskounia (Voladou Karpathou)+4.80
Kaminakia-Agios Epifaneios-Makrygialos (Mesochoriou Karpathou)*7.63
Aspri Petra-Poua-Cha? (Spoon Karpathou)*3.55

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:FOREST DIRECTORATE OF DODEKANISA
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY