Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR4210004

1.3 Site name

KASTELLORIZO KAI NISIDES RO KAI STRONGYLI KAI PARAKTIA THALASSIA ZONI

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-03

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1996-08
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:29.583056
Latitude:36.148333

2.2 Area [ha]

1807.5300

2.3 Marine area [%]

34.8500

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR42Notio Aigaio

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1170  info      0.00   
1240  info      1.54454  0.00 
1310  info      0.00774088  0.00 
1430  info      0.567404  0.00 
3170  info  X     0.0468642  0.00 
3290  info      0.00         
5330  info      428.35  0.00 
5420  info      445.936  0.00 
8210  info      8.70697  0.00 
8330  info      0.00   
92D0  info      0.0558831  0.00 
9320  info      104.321  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
R1227Chelonia mydas                   
P4082Crepis pusilla                     
P4082Crepis pusilla    grids1x1   
A1176Mertensiella luschani    1001  10000   
P1440Polygonum praelongum    330  340   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
2443Blanus strauchi                   
2443Blanus strauchi                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
Campanula hagielia                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
1282Eirenis modesta                   
1282Eirenis modesta                   
1282Eirenis modesta                   
Euphorbia hierosolymitana                   
Ferula tingitana                   
Galanthus nivalis ssp. nivalis                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
6153Hemorrhois nummifer                   
6153Hemorrhois nummifer                   
Isatis lusitanica                   
6139Laudakia stellio                   
6139Laudakia stellio                   
1271Ophiomorus punctatissimus                   
1271Ophiomorus punctatissimus                   
1271Ophiomorus punctatissimus                   
Veronica stamatiadae                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0133.85
N050.10
N060.09
N0836.07
N153.17
N167.81
N1816.71
N220.70
N231.50

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

This site includes the island of Kastellorizo (or Megisti) and the smaller islands of Ro and Strongyli. The marine part covers 16% of the site.Very few people live on the two small islands. The island Kastellorizo has now a resident population of less than two hundred people. The village was, at the beginning of the century, a town with many thousands of people (it reached up to 14.000). Even now, during the summer the population is much greater. The men who are live on the island now, live on tourism, animal breeding or fishing and there are very few and small cultivations.The island is rocky with hills, covered by phrygana and maquis. At some areas the slopes are covered with pioneer vegetation with Sedum spp. (habitat type 8230). The inland water bodies cover a very small area. In the marine part of the site there are posidonia beds and sublittoral rocky seabeds.Many buildings and other human constructions on Kastellorizo have an architectural interest. There are stone constructions built during the Arabs' pass from the island as water tanks. There are also houses dated from the ninenteenth and from the first decades of the twentieth century very beautyful and complex architectural decoration.The small island of Strongyli is the eastermost point of Europe.

4.2 Quality and importance

The islands Kastellorizo, Ro and Strogyli, the easternmost border of Europe, close to the Asian coast, are, regarding their flora and fauna, of great ecological and scientific interest. At the rocky coasts and the marine caves one can often observe the monk seal Monachus monachus. This is one of the few sites of this species in EEC. T From the floristic point of view, the islands’ importance is evident in the endemic or stenoendemic species, and in the rare or isolated species with wider distribution, but for which the three islands are the only sites they are found in Greece or in Europe. However, floristic data are scarce and further studies are needed. Finally, many buildings and other human constructions on Kastellorizo have architectural interest. OTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES WITH MOTIVATION D The snail is protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81); also the island is not only the only site of its distribution in the EEC, but the only part in the world where this snail is abundant (it is rare on the opposite turkish coasts). The reptiles Cyrtodactylus kotschyi, Hemidactylus turcicus are protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81). The following plant species are included in the IUCN Red Data List in the category of threatened plants: Ballota grandulosissima, Silene leptoclada, Eryngium falcatum, are characterized as «Rare» in Greece (1993) and in Europe (1988), while their World status is unknown; Veronica stamatiadae is characterized as «Vulnerable» in Greece (1993) and in Europe (1988), while its World status is unknown and it is also included in the Corine checklist of threatened plants.The following species are protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81) and are included in the IUCN Red Data List (1993) in the category of threatened plants:

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA01i
MA04i
LD01.01i
LD01.02i
MD03.03b
MD04.01i
LE01.01i
ME01.03b
LE03.01i
MF02b
MF02.01.02b
MF02.02.02o
MF02.02.02i
MF02.03.03b
LF03.01i
MF03.02.05b
HF05.01b
MF05.01b
MF05.04b
MF05.05b
MG01.01i
MG01.01o
MG01.01.01b
MG01.04.03b
LG05.01b
HG05.07b
LH01i
MH01b
LH01.03i
LH01.08b
LH03.01b
MH03.01b
LH03.03b
HI01b
HJ03.01b
ML05b
HM01.01b
MM01.07b
HM02.01b
MXEb
MXOb
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA01i
LD01.01i
LD01.02i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR958.36

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Nisides Chondros, Marmaras, Gialesinos kai Kouloundros tis Symis.... klp.*8.36

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Nisides Chondros, Marmaras, Gialesinos kai Kouloundros tis Symis.... klp.*8.36

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:FOREST SERVICE OF RODOS
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY