Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR4210008

1.3 Site name

KOS: AKROTIRIO LOUROS - LIMNI PSALIDI - OROS DIKAIOS - ALYKI - PARAKTIA THALASSIA ZONI

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-03

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1996-08
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:27.257500
Latitude:36.848056

2.2 Area [ha]

10124.1000

2.3 Marine area [%]

17.5500

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR42Notio Aigaio

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1150  info  X     4.68428  0.00 
1210  info      7.10512  0.00 
1410  info      41.3451  0.00 
2110  info      10.4243  0.00 
2120  info      7.82511  0.00 
2190  info      0.00         
2260  info      4.22564  0.00 
3140  info      0.00284161  0.00 
3150  info      0.0545752  0.00 
3170  info  X     0.0362619  0.00 
3290  info      0.00         
5420  info      3252.83  0.00 
6220  info  X     1.13658  0.00 
6420  info      0.0311106  0.00 
8210  info      4.41109  0.00 
9290  info      930.962  0.00 
92C0  info      1.35467  0.00 
92D0  info      10.6236  0.00 
9320  info      1136.17  0.00 
9540  info      636.101  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
F1152Aphanius fasciatus           
I1078Callimorpha quadripunctaria           
R1227Chelonia mydas                   
P4082Crepis pusilla    1110  1110   
R1293Elaphe situla           
R1220Emys orbicularis           
R2373Mauremys rivulata           
R1219Testudo graeca           
M1349Tursiops truncatus                 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
Apodemus witherbyi                   
2443Blanus strauchi                   
2443Blanus strauchi                   
2361Bufo bufo                   
2361Bufo bufo                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1274Chalcides ocellatus                   
1274Chalcides ocellatus                   
1274Chalcides ocellatus                   
1278Coluber caspius                   
1278Coluber caspius                   
1278Coluber caspius                   
1280Coluber jugularis                   
1280Coluber jugularis                   
1280Coluber jugularis                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1223Dermochelys coriacea    subadults             
1223Dermochelys coriacea    subadults             
1223Dermochelys coriacea    subadults             
Epipactis helleborine                   
Epipactis helleborine                   
Epipactis helleborine                   
Erysimum creticum                   
1277Eryx jaculus                   
1277Eryx jaculus                   
1277Eryx jaculus                   
Helichrysum orientale                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1251Lacerta trilineata    1001  10000           
1251Lacerta trilineata    1001  10000           
1251Lacerta trilineata    1001  10000           
6139Laudakia stellio    1001  10000           
6139Laudakia stellio    1001  10000           
Natrix natrix                   
Natrix natrix                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
1268Ophisops elegans                   
1268Ophisops elegans                   
1268Ophisops elegans                   
Ophrys bombyliflora                   
Ophrys bombyliflora                   
Ophrys fusca                     
Ophrys fusca                     
Ophrys tenthredinifera                   
Ophrys tenthredinifera                   
Papaver nigrotinctum                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
5360Rana bedriagae                   
5360Rana bedriagae                   
5360Rana bedriagae                     
1289Telescopus fallax                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
Typhlops vermicularis                   
Typhlops vermicularis                   
1294Vipera xanthina                   
1294Vipera xanthina                   
1294Vipera xanthina                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0117.81
N020.08
N030.10
N040.32
N050.01
N060.90
N0836.45
N090.01
N100.01
N1519.11
N160.06
N177.93
N187.55
N203.79
N221.79
N234.08

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The site is located on the eastern part of the island of Kos from cape Louros including lake Psalidi, covering the massif of mountain Dikaios and extending to the north to include the salt-marsh (Alyki). The marine area is delimited by the depth curve of 50 m (2% of the site). Lake Psalidi is actually a coastal slat-marsh, permanently flooded by salt or brachish water. It supports halophilous or semi-halophilous vegetation and permanently inundated reed-beds with Phragmites australis and Typha spp. (a habitat type not included in Annex I, CORINE 91 code 53.111). The mountain Dikaios (with maximum altitude 843 m) is located in the southern part of the site and is characterised by extensive coniferous woodland of Pinus brutia, phrygana at a good conservation state, inland cliffs, screes, chasms and small gorges. At the southern foot of the mountain, there are craggy coasts and vegetated sea cliffs which are very steep. In the eastern part of the site there is Alyki, a small lagoon with a salt-pit, with halophytic vegatation, reedbeds, and Tamarix spp. Around it there are sand dunes and sand beaches. Small villages, with cultivations all around, are dispersed all over the site.

4.2 Quality and importance

The broader marine area between the islands Kos and Tilos is very important for tuna and swordfish fishing. 2) There are many and rare and endemic species of plants and animals. 3) The site has been characterized as one of the Important Bird Areas and the small wetlands of the site, although unprotected, are important for passage migrant bird species, notably herons and raptors, as well as for breeding of several bird species. Lake Psalidi and Alyki have also scientific, educational, and recreational value. OTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES WITH MOTIVATION D Fauna: The reptiles Hemidactylus turcicus, Ophisops elegans, Natrix natrix and Coluber najadum, are protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81). The species Ophisaurus apodus, Ophisops elegans, Ablepharus kitaibelli, Coluber najadum are included in Annex IV of the Directive 92/43/EEC. The species Eryx jaculus is icluded in the Convention on International Trade in Endagered species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), 1973. The species Agama stelio, Ophisops elegans and Ablepharus kitaibelli are included in the checklist of threatened species of the CORINE-biotopes project, 1988. The important bivalvia species (Koomen P. and P.J. van Helsdingen) Pinna nobilis, is included in Annex IV of the Directive 92/43/EEC and it is protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81). The species Papaver nigrotinctum (= Papaver argemone ssp. nigrotinctum). Helichrysum orientale is a species with distribution in Greece and W. Turkey.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01i
HA04i
HA04.02i
MA07i
MA09i
MD01.01i
MD01.02i
MD03.03b
LE01b
ME01.03b
LE03b
LE03.01i
HE03.01i
LE03.03i
HF01i
MF02.01.02b
HF02.02.02i
HF02.03i
MF02.03.03b
MF03.01i
MF03.02.05b
MF05.01b
MF05.05b
LG01i
HG01.01i
MG01.01.01b
MG01.04.03b
MH01b
MH03.01b
LI01i
LJ01.01i
LJ02.06.01b
MK01.01i
ML05b
ML09i
MM01.07b
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01i
MA08i
MA09i
MD01.01i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR070.30
GR900.23
GR9517.01

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Agios Fokas - Psalidi - Kastelo - Iraklis Nisou Ko*9.15
GR95Ygroviotopos Alykis periochis Va? Alykis Dimou Dikaiou Nisou Ko - Apo Koinotiton Pyliou kai Asfendiou Nisou Ko+2.28
GR95Asfendiou - Pyliou Dimou Dikaiou Nisou Ko*5.58
GR07Ygrotopos kai akti Psalidiou Dimou Ko*0.30
GR90Ygrotopos kai akti Psalidiou Dimou Ko - Perifereiaki zoni*0.23

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Agios Fokas - Psalidi - Kastelo - Iraklis Nisou Ko*9.15
Ygroviotopos Alykis periochis Va? Alykis Dimou Dikaiou Nisou Ko - Apo Koinotiton Pyliou kai Asfendiou Nisou Ko+2.28
Asfendiou - Pyliou Dimou Dikaiou Nisou Ko*5.58
Ygrotopos kai akti Psalidiou Dimou Ko*0.30
Ygrotopos kai akti Psalidiou Dimou Ko - Perifereiaki zoni*0.23

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY