Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR4210009

1.3 Site name

ASTYPALAIA: ANATOLIKO TMIMA, GYRO NISIDES KAI OFIDOUSSA KAI THALASSIA ZONI (AKR. LANTRA - AKR. VRYSI)

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-03

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1996-08
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:26.427500
Latitude:36.590556

2.2 Area [ha]

7032.0400

2.3 Marine area [%]

48.8500

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR42Notio Aigaio

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1240  info      185.93  0.00 
1410  info      0.640961  0.00 
1430  info      1.38793  0.00 
3290  info      0.00         
5210  info      2323.09  0.00 
5330  info      39.5854  0.00 
5420  info      675.196  0.00 
6220  info  X     0.304976  0.00 
8140  info      0.229157  0.00 
8210  info      54.3438  0.00 
92D0  info      0.678806  0.00 
9320  info      114.41  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
R1227Chelonia mydas                   
M1349Tursiops truncatus                 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Achillea cretica                   
Allium longanum                   
Alyssoides cretica                   
Campanula laciniata                   
Convolvulus scammonia                   
Cynara cornigera                   
Dianthus fruticosus ssp. amorginus                   
Elymus farctus ssp. rechingeri                   
Eryngium amorginum                   
Fibigia lunarioides                   
Lactuca acanthifolia                   
Limonium frederici                   
Origanum tournefortii                   
Pimpinella pretenderis                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
Scorzonera eximia                   
Silene fabaria                   
Staehelina fruticosa                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0148.11
N030.01
N053.04
N060.94
N0841.85
N090.11
N152.27
N160.16
N181.55
N221.96

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The site includes a part of the island Astypalaia and a complex of twelve islets, Kounoupoi (140 ha), Ofidoussa (65 ha), Koutsomytis (40 ha),Tigani (4 ha), Moni (3 ha), Fteno (2 ha), Chondropoulo (1.5 ha), Fokionisia (60 ha), Ligno (18 ha), Chondri (30 ha), Agia Kyriaki (23 ha), and Pontikoussa (90 ha) with impressive sea cliffts. The island of Astypalaia belongs to the unit of Tripolis. The substratum of the site consists of Cretaceous limenstone in its major part. The north portion of the site consists of marine Pliocene sediments. All these islets, except Ophidousa, are surrounded by the depth curve of 100 m and consist of Cretaceous limestone. Ophidousa, lying 3 km west of Astypalaia, is joined with the main island with the depth curve of 200 m. The axis of the site has a NE-SW direction with a maximum length of about 11 Km and a maximum width of 9 Km. The maximum altitude of Astipalaia reaches at 366 m. The islets Pontikousa and Ophidousa are characterized by a central hill, reaching at an altitude of 250 m and 130 m, respectively, high for their small surface, with very steep slopes. The vegetation is mainly phryganic but also includes Juniperus phoenicea arborescent matorral. At places, where the matorral is grazed and degraded, Pistacia shrubs have been appeared tending to dominate the vegetation. There are also intermittent streams with characteristic vegetation. The marine part occupies 53% of the site, with reefs and a large cover of posidonia beds. The coastline of has a total length of about 130 Km, 66 km on Astypalaia and 44 Km on the islets. It is indended, with numerous small bays and typical sea-cliff vegetation. There are also five (5) well protected bays (Vathi, Vlychada, Ag. Phokas, Agriolithi, Maltezana). All along the coastline there are a lot of sea caves that are used as refuges by the Monk Seal Monachus monachus. Limestones are susceptible to erosion; this has led to the formation of several caves, the most intresting of which is Dracospilia.

4.2 Quality and importance

The most important element of the quality and importance of the site is the existence of nine habitat types, in a total of ten, with excellent representativity. Among them, the marine habitats, Posidonia seabeds, the sublittoral rocky seabeds, and the sea inlets, could be considered as the most representative ones in the Aegean Sea and probably even in the whole South East Mediterranean Sea. At the typical Aegean cliffs there are rare and endemic plants. The partly submerged sea caves are the ideal refugia for the Monk Seals as the mammals are not disturbed from human activities. The caves of the site are likely to be very interesting, regarding their fauna and their investigation should be worthwhile. In conclusion, the site has an exceptional biogeographic value as its fauna is characterized by cycladic and eastern faunistic elements. The complex of island, also hosting rare and endemic plants, constitutes an interesting biogeographic region, at the easternmost part of Europe. OTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES WITH MOTIVATION D Bongardia chrysogonum: It is a species with distribution in S.W. Asia; in the IUCN Red Data List (1993) it is cited as extinct/endangered in Greece (it has only been found at N. Peloponnesos and Astipalaia), while it is not threatened in the World (Stearn & Webb, 1993). It is also included as an endangered species in the National Red Data Book (unpublished). The following species are included in the IUCN Red Data List in the category of threatened species: Allium longanum [Rare, in Greece (1993), Europe (1988)]; Vulnerable in World (1993)], Campanula laciniata [Indeterminate, in Greece (1993), Europe (1988), World (1993)], Eryngium amorginum [Rare, in Greece (1993), Europe (1988), World (1993)], Limonium frederici [Rare, in Greece (1993), Europe (1988), World (1993)], Origanum tournefortii (=O. calcaratum) [Rare, in Greece (1993), Europe (1988), World (1993)], Pimpinella pretenderis [Rare, in Greece (1993), Europe (1988), World (1993)], Staehelina fruticosa [Rare, in Greece (1993), Europe (1988), World (1993)]. Of these P. pretenteris are also protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/1981). A. longanum is also cited in the Corine checklist of threatened plants. Fibigia lunarioides, Convolvulus scammonia are protected by the Presidential Decree 67/1981. Cynara cornigera is an east-mediterranean species, with interesting distribution in the Aegean area, occurring in Southern Greece, Crete and in the Aegean and out of Greece only in Cyprus. Lactuca acanthifolia (= Scariola acanthifolia) has a similar distribution occurring though only in Hydra in Peloponnisos and only in SW Turkey out of Greece. Silene fabaria and Achillea cretica are Aegean region endemics (only in SW Turkey out of Greece). Alyssoides cretica = Lutzia cretica; Elymus farctus ssp. Rechingeri = Elymus rechingeri; 2) The IUCN characterizations given concern the plant’s status in Greece unless otherwise stated.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA04i
MD03.03b
LE01.01i
ME01.03b
MF02.01.02b
MF02.03.03b
MF03.01o
MF03.01i
MF03.02.05b
MF05.01b
MF05.05b
MG01.01.01b
MG01.04.03b
MH01b
MH03.01b
MJ01o
MJ01i
ML05b
MM01.07b
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR9551.88

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Anatoliko Tmima nisou Astypalaias kai gyrothen nisides*51.88

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Anatoliko Tmima nisou Astypalaias kai gyrothen nisides*51.88

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY