Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

GR4210020

1.3 Site name

NISOI KINAROS KAI LEVITHA KAI NISIDES LIADIA, PLAKA, GLAROS, MAVRA KAI THALASSIA PERIOCHI

1.4 First Compilation date

2001-10

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2001-10
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:26.368645
Latitude:37.089609

2.2 Area [ha]

10720.2600

2.3 Marine area [%]

86.7900

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR42Notio Aigaio

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA228Apus (Tachymarptis) melba           
BA226Apus apus           
BA226Apus apus           
BA699Ardea cinerea cinerea           
BA010Calonectris diomedea           
BA081Circus aeruginosus                 
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)           
BA697Egretta garzetta garzetta                 
BA447Emberiza caesia           
BA100Falco eleonorae    150  200     
BA709Falco peregrinus brookei       
BA707Hieraaetus fasciatus (Aquila fasciata)       
BA251Hirundo rustica           
BA695Hydrobates pelagicus melitensis           
BA181Larus audouinii    40     
BA260Motacilla flava           
BA072Pernis apivorus                 
BA392Phalacrocorax aristotelis desmarestii    15  20     
BA692Podiceps nigricollis nigricollis           
BA464Puffinus yelkouan           
BA464Puffinus yelkouan           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover

0

Other Site Characteristics

This site comprises all the offshore islands Kinaros and Levitha and the islets Liadia, Plaka, Glaros and Mavra. The islets are located almost in the centre of the Aegean between Amorgos and Leros islands with maximum altitude not exceeding 300 m. The two larger ones are inhabited. There are cultivations in the centre of Levitha islet. There are also a lot of free grazing goats all over the island. On Kinaros islet there are also cultivations and goats but fewer than on Levitha. In both islets there are very deep bays, which could be considered similar to fjords. The vegetation on Kynaros and Levitha is phrygana and maquis. There are very few intermittent streams. The uninhabited islets are mainly rocky and covered by phrygana, some exhibiting also diverse coastal habitats, such as the miniature calderas on Mavra islets. Geologically the whole area consists of limestones of the Jurassic - Triassic period. The site includes the marine area surrounding. The boundary contains a marine extension of 0.8 n.m. which engulfs the islands of Kinaros and Levitha, and their adjacent eight small islets. Also it contains a marine extension of 0.6 n.m. which engulfs the islets Liadia and Plaka. The marine environment of the site is characterised by a narrow continental shelf falling abruptly to depths up to 400 m. During the summer and winter months the coastal zone is greatly affected by strong northerly and northwesterly winds. The area has been recognised as one of the hotspots of marine productivity which in the Aegean Sea is primarily influenced by the Etesian (meltemi) winds causing upwellings.

4.2 Quality and importance

This is an important site for seabirds and raptors. Species of concern include: Falco eleonorae and Larus audouinii. The Larus audouinii breeding population regularly alternates colony site between years and has nested on 4 out of the 8 islets present in the area. The population size remains till today small but stable, although the species does not seem to breed in the area every year. During the breeding season birds forage primarily in the coastal waters surrounding their colony sites, however their feeding range increases during the post-breeding period when Larus audouinii are regularly observed foraging along the northern and northeastern coast of Amorgos to the west of the site.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HC03.03bb
HG01b
HI01b
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR953.60

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Nisides Armathia kai Makronisi tis Kasou, Antitilos kai Gaidaros tis TilouΖ.klp*3.18
GR95Nisides Chondros, Marmaras, Gialesinos kai Kouloundros tis Symis.... klp.*0.42

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Nisides Armathia kai Makronisi tis Kasou, Antitilos kai Gaidaros tis TilouΖ.klp*3.18
Nisides Chondros, Marmaras, Gialesinos kai Kouloundros tis Symis.... klp.*0.42

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY