Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

GR4210021

1.3 Site name

ANATOLIKO TMIMA ASTYPALEAS KAI NISIDES KOUNOUPI, FTENO, CHONDROPOULO, KOYTSOMYTIS, MONI, AGIA KYRIAKI, TIGANI, CHONDRI, LIGNO, FOKIONISIA, KATSAGRELI, PONTIKOYSSA, FIDOYSSA, KTENIA KAI THALASSIA PERIOCHI

1.4 First Compilation date

2001-10

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2001-10
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:26.322173
Latitude:36.783716

2.2 Area [ha]

28315.7800

2.3 Marine area [%]

94.9500

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR42Notio Aigaio

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA228Apus (Tachymarptis) melba           
BA226Apus apus           
BA226Apus apus           
BA699Ardea cinerea cinerea           
BA699Ardea cinerea cinerea           
BA087Buteo buteo           
BA403Buteo rufinus           
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla           
BA010Calonectris diomedea    50  50     
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus           
BA113Coturnix coturnix           
BA122Crex crex           
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)           
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)           
BA697Egretta garzetta garzetta                 
BA447Emberiza caesia           
BA100Falco eleonorae    600  600     
BA709Falco peregrinus brookei           
BA251Hirundo rustica           
BA251Hirundo rustica             
BA695Hydrobates pelagicus melitensis           
BA338Lanius collurio           
BA181Larus audouinii    25     
BA230Merops apiaster           
BA260Motacilla flava           
BA610Nycticorax nycticorax nycticorax                 
BA392Phalacrocorax aristotelis desmarestii    20  20     
BA691Podiceps cristatus cristatus           
BA692Podiceps nigricollis nigricollis           
BA464Puffinus yelkouan           
BA464Puffinus yelkouan    40  60     
BA249Riparia riparia           
BA210Streptopelia turtur           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover

0

Other Site Characteristics

The site includes the far eastern part of the island Astypalaia and a complex of 14 islets, Kounoupi (140 ha), Fteno (2 ha), Chondropoulo (1.5 ha), Koutsomytis (40 ha), Moni (3 ha), Agia Kyriaki (23 ha), Tigani (4 ha), Chondri (30 ha), Ligno (18 ha), Fokionisia (60 ha), Katsagreli, Pontikoussa (90 ha), Ofidoussa (65 ha), and Ktenia. The island of Astypalaia belongs to the unit of Tripolis. The substratum of the site consists of Cretaceous limenstone in its major part. The north portion of the site consists of marine Pliocene sediments. All these islets, except Ophidousa, are surrounded by the depth curve of 100 m and consist of Cretaceous limentone. Ophidousa, lying 3 km west of Astypalaia, is joined with the main island with the depth curve of 200 m.The axis of the site has a NE-SW direction with a maximum length of about 11 Km and a maximum width of 9 Km. The islets Pontikousa and Ophidousa are characterized by a central hill, reaching at an altitude of 250 m and 130 m, respectively, high for their small surface, with very steep slopes. The vegetation is mainly phryganic but also includes Juniperus phoenicea arborescent matorral. At places, where the matorral is grazed and degraded, Pistacia shrubs have been appeared tending to dominate the vegetation. There are also intermittent streams with characteristic vegetation.The coastline is indended, with numerous small bays and typical sea-cliff vegetation. The marine part of this IBA includes the coastal waters of Astypalaia island and its surrounding islets, excluding two parts: the eastern coast extending from Cape Flouda in the northern-most tip of the island until 0.7 n.m. south from Cape Trypiti and the south coast of the island from the southwestern Cape Tyliakos to Marmari Gulf in the east. The area encloses a 2 n.m. marine extension around most of the island and the islets. Marine habitats such as Posidonia beds, the sublittoral rocky seafloor and the sea inlets are well conserved here. Relatively shallow waters however occur, particularly in proximity to the islets in the two large gulfs of Astypalaia, facing northwest and southeast, where seabirds forage. The site includes vital foraging and rafting areas for the local population of seabirds during the breeding season. In addition, partly submerged sea caves provide shelter to a significant population of the Mediterranean Monk Seal. Dolphin species, such as the Striped and Common Bottle- nosed Dolphin, as well as the Loggerhead and Green Turtles have also been recorded in the area. All along the coastline there are a lot of sea caves that are used as refuges by the Monk Seal Monachus monachus.Falco eleonorae population values are based on LIFE - Nature «Δράσεις προστασίας για τον Μαυροπετρίτη Falco eleonorae στην Ελλάδα» (LIFE03 NAT/GR/000091)

4.2 Quality and importance

The site is important for breeding seabirds. Species of concern include: Puffinus yelkouan, Falco eleonorae and Larus audouinii. The area holds a small but significant colony of the Larus audouinii. Recent records suggest the breeding population in the area has declined. Larus audouinii have been using 5 different islets in this area for nesting. The species forages in the north within the gulfs of Vagi and Vathy near Fokionisia islets, in the southeast amongst the shallow waters of the islets, in Agios Fokas Gulf, as well as in the coastal waters of the larger western islets. A small breeding population of Puffinus yelkouan occurs in the area, with colonies confirmed on at least two islets. Flocks have been recorded foraging in the wider marine area, primarily during the breeding season, occasionally also following trawlers.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA04.03b
HC03.03bb
LD.03.02o
HE01b
HG01b
HI01b
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR9599.95

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Anatoliko Tmima nisou Astypalaias kai gyrothen nisides*99.95

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Anatoliko Tmima nisou Astypalaias kai gyrothen nisides*99.95

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY