Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR4220006

1.3 Site name

NISOS POLYAIGOS - KIMOLOS

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-04

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1996-08
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:24.593611
Latitude:36.779167

2.2 Area [ha]

13871.3000

2.3 Marine area [%]

75.6800

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR42Notio Aigaio

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1170  info      0.00   
1240  info      4.28515  0.00 
1310  info      0.00264254  0.00 
1410  info      0.133617  0.00 
2110  info      1.37299  0.00 
2190  info      0.00672162  0.00 
2230  info      0.0381262  0.00 
2250  info  X     2.68501  0.00 
2260  info      1.50417  0.00 
3170  info  X     0.026306  0.00 
3290  info      0.00         
5210  info      1679.09  0.00 
5420  info      1300.49  0.00 
6220  info  X     0.0392214  0.00 
8210  info      0.00         
8220  info      0.00         
8320  info      0.00         
92D0  info      0.00         
9320  info      0.45053  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
R1293Elaphe situla    251  500     
R1296Macrovipera schweizeri    1000  1500     
M1349Tursiops truncatus                 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Brassica cretica                   
Centaurea raphanina ssp. mixta                   
Cyclamen hederifolium                   
Cynara cornigera                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
1350Delphinus delphis                   
1350Delphinus delphis                   
1350Delphinus delphis                   
Dianthus fruticosus                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
Hymenonema graecum                   
Mentha pulegium                   
Muscari pulchellum                   
Ophrys tenthredinifera                   
Ophrys tenthredinifera                   
Orchis coriophora                   
Orchis papilionacea                   
5363Pelophylax kurtmuelleri                   
5363Pelophylax kurtmuelleri                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1239Podarcis milensis                   
1239Podarcis milensis                   
1239Podarcis milensis                   
1239Podarcis milensis                   
1849Ruscus aculeatus                     
Serapias cordigera                   
Serapias cordigera                   
Silene cythnia                   
Sphaerechinus granularis                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0175.30
N031.54
N041.29
N051.29
N060.51
N0815.96
N160.51
N182.57
N221.03

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The site includes the islands of Polyaigos, part of Kimolos and the surrounding marine area at a distance of 1 nautical mile around the coast (~65% of the site). Between the two islands depths are generally less than 30 m. Geologically, both islands consist of volcanic rocks of the Plio-Pleistocene age. The altitude is similar on both isles (354m and 365 respectively) but the relief on Polyaigos is more steep. Cultivation has been practiced all over Kimolos and numerous terraces are found around the hills but nowadays are mostly abandoned. The natural vegetation on both islands is quite similar, ranging from prhygana (Centaurea spinosa, Sarcopoterium spinosum, Cistus, Erica) to low and high shrubs (Juniperus phoenicea, Pistacia lentiscus, Olea europea, Arbutus unedo). These communities have been established in former cultivations during the last decades. Along the streams, characteristic species include Nerium oleander and Myrtus communis. Small wetlands are formed at the mouth of the streams with halophilous vegetation (Juncus sp.). Developed halophilous scrub formations are formed at Ellinika and Alyki on Kimolos. The coasts are mostly rocky with chasmophytic and aero-haline vegetation. Sporadic and limited sandy beaches with hamophilous communities are formed around Kimolos and on the west and northwest coast of Polyaigos. Numerous sea caves are formed along the coast of the two islands. Polyaigos is uninhabited. There are no roads or other infrastructure on the island apart from a few abandoned dwellings and an old mine. Kimolos supports a population that lives in the traditional village of "Chorio". A few small seasonal settlements appear along the East and South coast. Tourist development on the island is very limited.

4.2 Quality and importance

The marine area supports a significant population of the Mediterranean Monk seal Monachus monachus that breeds in numerous sea caves along the coast of the two islands. Posidonia beds are abundant in the littoral zone. Due to the volcanic origin of the islands, some unique geological formations are present. Natural habitats, especially on Polyaigos, are in very good conservation status and are suitable for a significant number of rare and endemic plant and animal species (listed in sections 3.2 and 3.3). Many of these species are common in the island complex of Milos-Kimolos-Polyaigos-Antimilos and since human development is still very limited in the site, nature conservation can be maintained. Brassica cretica is a species with local populations, usually coastal, whose main distribution area is Greece just extending to W Turkey and with a distinct appearance in Lebanon (probably introduced) and Mt Carmel (Israel). Cynara cornigera is an east-mediterranean species, with an interesting distribution in the Aegean. Apart from Greece it is also found in Cyprus.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA01i
LA04i
LC01.04i
MD03.03b
ME01.03b
MF02.01.02b
MF02.03i
MF02.03.03b
LF03.01i
MF03.02.01i
MF03.02.05b
MF05.01b
MF05.05b
MG01.01.01b
MG01.04.03b
MG05i
MH01b
MH03.01b
LJ01i
ML05b
MM01.07b
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA01i
LA04i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR951.22

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Praso (Kimolou)*1.22

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Praso (Kimolou)*1.22

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY