Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR4220010

1.3 Site name

VOREIODYTIKI KYTHNOS: OROS ATHERAS - AKROTIRIO KEFALOS KAI PARAKTIA ZONI

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-03

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1997-04
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:24.400278
Latitude:37.437500

2.2 Area [ha]

2904.4400

2.3 Marine area [%]

24.7800

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR42Notio Aigaio

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1210  info      0.540805  0.00 
1240  info      0.181467  0.00 
1410  info      0.705219  0.00 
2110  info      0.57571  0.00 
2260  info      0.062575  0.00 
3140  info      0.00         
3170  info  X     0.000850408  0.00 
3290  info      0.204225  0.00 
5210  info      496.359  0.00 
5420  info      1472.41  0.00 
8210  info      1.32525  0.00 
92D0  info      0.00         
9320  info      0.243457  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
R1293Elaphe situla           
R2373Mauremys rivulata           
M1349Tursiops truncatus                 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Anthyllis aegaea                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
Campanula laciniata                   
1278Coluber caspius                   
1278Coluber caspius                   
1278Coluber caspius                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi      10000           
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi      10000           
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi      10000           
1350Delphinus delphis                   
1350Delphinus delphis                   
1350Delphinus delphis                   
Fritillaria tuntasia                   
Fritillaria tuntasia                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
Muscari pulchellum ssp. clepsydroides                   
5363Pelophylax kurtmuelleri                   
5363Pelophylax kurtmuelleri                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1238Podarcis erhardii      10000           
1238Podarcis erhardii      10000           
1238Podarcis erhardii      10000           
Silene cythnia                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0124.44
N030.06
N040.23
N050.95
N060.01
N0863.95
N153.01
N160.10
N181.99
N225.26

Total Habitat Cover

100.00000000000001

Other Site Characteristics

The site is a part of the geological formation of the north Cyclades. This unit belongs to the Attikocycladic zone. The site being mostly mica schist with little parts of marble (Uper Triassic - Lower Jurasic). The annual average rainfall is one of the highest of the Cyclades islands. The average annual rainfall is about 600mm and the average annual temperature is 19oC. The site starts from the sea level and reaches up to 355m (Mnt. Kakovoulo). The axis of the site has a direction NE-SW with a maximum length about 9.5 Km and a maximum width 3Km. The relief of the site is sharp, with small valleys among the boulders. The coast line is rugged, with numerous small bays. Its length is about 22Km. In these bays there are small sea caves (8330). These sea caves are used as refugee by the monk seals Monachus monachus. The coasts at the north and west are very steep. In the south, there are two shallow inlets with a special geomorphological formation called “tombolo”. The tombolo is joined with the mainland by the islet of Agios Loukas. This tombolo is one of the few (only about twenty) in Greece. In these two inlets there are sand beaches. At the inlet of Apokrisis is the estuary of the river Vathyrema. At the parts where the subsrtate consists of marbles, there are few very small caves (8310). The main part of this site constitutes a complex hydrographic net. Its length is about 32Km. There are streams, springs and in some cases we can find small waterfalls. Along these rivers, stones and gravel are deposited on the river beds. The river banks are vegetated mainly by Nerium oleander and Rubus ulmifolius. The springs are formed in the junction of strata. At some places, where slopes are steep, small waterfalls are formed. At the altitude of 200m there is a large plateau. It is covered by aegean phrygana, maquis, and abandoned cultivations. A part of the site consists of cliffs and bare rocks. Throughout the site we can find traditional stone hedges. These hedges are used as refuges for many species like snakes, lizards, molluscs, etc. There are also scattered habitations and little churches.

4.2 Quality and importance

The main features of the site are the large variety of habitat types (marine, freshwater, maquis, caves), the rare and endemic plants and the endemic invertebrates, all related to the site’s exceptional geomorphology. Several different habitat types of Annex I are represented in the site, an exceptional number of habitats for an area of such a small size (2100ha). The large number of habitat types and the numerous microhabitats that exist in the site, create a patchy environment. The sea and land caves (codes 8330 and 8310) a small percentage of the site but are nevertheless important. The former are used as refugee by the monk seals Monachus monachus.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA04i
MA04o
MA09o
MA10.01o
MD01.02o
MD03.02i
MD03.03b
MD05i
ME01.01o
ME01.03b
MF02.01.02b
LF02.03i
MF02.03.03b
MF03.01o
MF03.01i
MF03.02.05b
MF05.01b
MF05.05b
MG01.01.01b
MG01.04.03b
MG05i
MH01b
HH01.03i
MH03.01b
HH05.01i
MJ02.05.01i
MJ02.12.01i
MK01.01i
ML05b
MM01.07b
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LD01.01i
MD03.02i
LE01.03i
LF02.03i
MK01.01i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR00100.00

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY