Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR4220013

1.3 Site name

MIKRES KYKLADES: IRAKLEIA, SCHOINOUSSA, KOUFONISIA, KEROS, ANTIKERIA KAI THALASSIA ZONI

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-04

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1997-04
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:25.589722
Latitude:36.926111

2.2 Area [ha]

12588.6900

2.3 Marine area [%]

57.0300

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR42Notio Aigaio

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1210  info      0.716868  0.00 
1240  info      322.531  0.00 
1310  info      0.00250314  0.00 
1410  info      0.0201192  0.00 
1420  info      0.447317  0.00 
2110  info      5.63293  0.00 
5210  info      3116.17  0.00 
5420  info      1079.18  0.00 
8210  info      9.53279  0.00 
9320  info      0.959905  0.00 
9540  info      0.268034  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
R1279Elaphe quatuorlineata           
M1351Phocoena phocoena                       
M1349Tursiops truncatus                 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
Allium luteolum                   
Anacamptis pyramidalis                   
Anacamptis pyramidalis                   
Anthemis scopulorum                   
Arenaria aegaea                   
Campanula heterophylla                   
Centaurea oliverana                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
1350Delphinus delphis                   
1350Delphinus delphis                   
1350Delphinus delphis                   
1277Eryx jaculus                   
1277Eryx jaculus                   
1277Eryx jaculus                   
Fibigia lunarioides                   
Galium amorginum                   
Helichrysum amorginum                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
Hymenonema graecum                   
Orchis sancta                   
Orchis sancta                   
Origanum tournefortii                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1238Podarcis erhardii                   
1238Podarcis erhardii                   
1238Podarcis erhardii                   
Ranunculus creticus                   
Salsola aegaea                   
Scorzonera crocifolia                   
Senecio bicolor                   
Staehelina fruticosa                   
Tordylium hirtocarpum                   
Trigonella rechingeri                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0156.69
N030.11
N040.07
N055.32
N0828.73
N157.51
N170.11
N180.08
N221.14
N230.24

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The site comprises a complex of small islands, most of which are rocky and relatively bare. The major islands of the complex in descending size order are: Irakleia (where the highest peak of 418 m is found), Keros, Schinousa, Ano Koufonisi and Kato Koufonisi, Antikeros and Drima. The total terrestrial area of the site is somewhat larger than the sum of the above islands’ areas, as some rocky islets have also been incorporated in the site.The substrate ranges from schists -prevailing at Irakleia and Schinousa- to limestones -characterising Ano and Kato Koufonisi. Representative steep rocks are characteristic of all the isles. The climate is typical mediterranean with stormy winters and hot, dry summers. Some of the islands "suffer" from strong winds, especially Ano Koufonisi which, in addition, shows very low annual precipitation. The islands of the site have a low number of inhabitants which has moreover shown a decreasing trend during the last years. Until very recently there had been no port and approach was possible only by small boats from the ships. The islands were supplied with electrical power in 1984, whilst there are no organised discharge units. The few inhabitants are occupied with fishing, cultivations, beekeeping and animal breeding. During the last years tourism activities are developing at increasing rates.

4.2 Quality and importance

The whole island complex is important for migratory birds and also hosts endemic species of fauna and flora. Endemic and/or rare plant species found on the islands are: Arenaria aegea (Antikeros), Fibigia lunaroides (Antikeros), Anthemis scopulorum (Antikeros), Allium luteolum (Keros, Antikeros) and others, listed on section 3.3 (other important species). The marine habitats are most important. The site has a rich underwater life and Posidonia beds. Most importantly, in the site there are areas where the monk seal, a priority species, finds shelter. Other important marine mammals reported in the site are Phocoena phocoena and Delphinus delphis. Regarding the terrestrial fauna, other two mammals and several protected reptiles are found in the site. The endemic subspecies Podarcis erhardii amorgensis is observed at Ano Koufonisi and Keros. The conservation status of the site has not been determined yet as the site is unprotected. Keros has an archaeological interest as well. Tourism development is expected to expand in the area in the near future and therefore the need for the site’s protection and for plans for controlled development is urgent. OTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES WITH MOTIVATION D The species Hymenonema graecum and Tordylium hirtocarpum are protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81). Senecio bicolor is a chasmophyte with a restricted geographical area of distribution forming isolated populations with local differentiation (scattered in the Mediterranean, Cyclades, Kythira, Nisyros, Chios). Tordylium aegaeum is endemic to the Cyclades, the East Aegean Islands, Rodos, S & W Anatolia. NOTES: Phocoena phocoena included in the software list of Annex II species as P. phocoena, which is misspelled.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01i
MA04i
MA05.01i
MA05.02i
MD01.01i
MD02.01i
MD03.01i
MD03.03b
ME01.03i
ME01.03b
ME03.01i
MF02.01.02b
MF02.03i
MF02.03.03b
MF03.01i
MF03.02.05b
MF05.01b
MF05.05b
MG01.01.01b
MG01.02i
MG01.04.03b
MH01b
MH03.01b
MK01.03i
ML05b
MM01.07b
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01i
MA04i
MA05.01i
MA05.02i
MD01.01i
MD02.01i
MK01.03i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR957.29

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Nisos Irakleia*7.29

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Nisos Irakleia*7.29

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY