Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR4220014

1.3 Site name

KENTRIKI KAI NOTIA NAXOS: ZAS KAI VIGLA EOS MAVROVOUNI KAI THALASSIA ZONI (ORMOS KARADES - ORMOS MOUTSOUNAS)

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-03

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1997-04
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:25.460833
Latitude:36.947500

2.2 Area [ha]

9051.7700

2.3 Marine area [%]

21.6300

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR42Notio Aigaio

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1130  info      0.33716  0.00 
1150  info  X     5.76598  0.00 
1240  info      34.5635  0.00 
1410  info      4.54283  0.00 
1420  info      3.30818  0.00 
2110  info      33.0501  0.00 
2120  info      8.42944  0.00 
2190  info      8.34084  0.00 
2250  info  X     88.1457  0.00 
3170  info  X     0.00         
3290  info      0.00         
5210  info      1943.18  0.00 
5420  info      1387.54  0.00 
8210  info      95.2226  0.00 
8220  info      0.00         
92C0  info      5.0606  0.00 
92D0  info      22.5869  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
I1078Callimorpha quadripunctaria           
R1227Chelonia mydas                   
R1279Elaphe quatuorlineata           
R2373Mauremys rivulata           
M1307Myotis blythii    1000  5000     
M1321Myotis emarginatus    50     
M1306Rhinolophus blasii    50     
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum    12  50     
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros    50     
M1349Tursiops truncatus                 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
Allium luteolum                   
Asperula abbreviata                   
Bolanthus graecus                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
Bupleurum aira                   
Bupleurum aira                   
Campanula calaminthifolia                   
Centaurea oliverana                   
Cerastium runemarkii                   
Cerastium runemarkii                   
Corydalis integra                   
Crocus laevigatus                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
1350Delphinus delphis                   
1350Delphinus delphis                   
1350Delphinus delphis                   
Erysimum naxense                   
1277Eryx jaculus                   
1277Eryx jaculus                   
1277Eryx jaculus                   
Galanthus ikariae ssp. snogerupii                   
Galium amorginum                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
Hymenonema graecum                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
6139Laudakia stellio                   
6139Laudakia stellio                   
Muscari pulchellum ssp. clepsydroides                   
Natrix natrix                   
Natrix natrix                   
5363Pelophylax kurtmuelleri                   
5363Pelophylax kurtmuelleri                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
1238Podarcis erhardii                   
1238Podarcis erhardii                   
1238Podarcis erhardii                   
Scutellaria naxensis                   
Symphytum davisii                   
Symphytum naxicola                   
Tordylium hirtocarpum                   
Tulipa cretica                   
Verbascum adeliae                   
Vicia pinetorum                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0121.31
N020.10
N030.77
N042.23
N050.11
N060.20
N0864.71
N150.88
N160.08
N187.98
N220.78
N230.85

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The site includes a steep mountainous ridge running the island from north to south, as well as the coastal area from Vigla to the west side up to Moutsouna at the east side of the island. The passes between the highest mountains (903 - 999 m) are all 600 or more meters wide and the lower end, near the southernmost tip, reaches 420 meters. The rocky mountainous sides are covered with low phrygana and high or mesic maquis vegetation. The dominant plants of phrygana are Thymus capitatus, Genista acanthoclada, Cistus sp. and Sarcopoterium spinosum, while the shrubs of Calycotome villosa, Pistacia lentiscus, Quercus coccifera and trees of Juniperus phoenicea dominate in the maquis. Stands with trees of Kermes oak, some up to 9 m high, are scattered on the slopes of the mountains. There is also deciduous oak which occurs as large isolated trees or scattered stands near Philoti and Apeiranthos, as well as in some ravines of the eastern side. Trees of Platanus orientalis occur in some of the ravines, too. Throughout the area there are many narrow intermittent streams with an approximately total length of 32 km, as well as about 20 springs and many wells. In the coastal area of the site there is a large variety of alternating habitats. Small lagoons, mud flats, sea cliffs, sandy beaches, rocky shores, shingle beaches with perennial plants, as well as sand dunes with Juniperus oxycedrus ssp. macrocarpa. Some of the coastal plains, as in Agiassos and Kalandos, are composed largely of Quaternary alluvium. In the marine area there exist reefs, banks, shoals, as well as Posidonia oceanica from place to place.

4.2 Quality and importance

The large variety of habitat types in combination with the high diversity of flora and fauna make the whole area one of the most important sites in the central Aegean Sea. The island of Naxos lies on a main migratory route over the central Aegean. Especially the southeastern side constitutes one of the most important stepping stones in the Cyclades area for migratory bird species. From many bird species which have been observed during the 20th century in the Cyclades, several species - migrants mainly - have been recorded on the site using the different habitats during their migration in order to rest and feed or to winter, while some bird species of the migrants definitely nest on the area. The site has been characterized as one of the EC Important Bird Areas. Botanically, the site is important because of the high diversity of the flora and the presence of local endemics and other rare interesting species such as Bolanthus graecus. The high diversity and the abundance of reptiles, moluscs and epigeic arthropods, some of which are local endemics, also characterize this site. In the marine area of the site multiple observations of the Mediterranean Monk Seals have been reported. OTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES WITH MOTIVAITON D Plants: The following species are protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81). and are included in the IUCN Red Data List (1993) in the category of threatened plants: Corydalis integra (rare), Scutellaria naxensis (=Scutellaria albida ssp. velenovski), Tordylium hirtocarpum, Hymenonema graecum are protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81).

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA04i
HA04o
HA04.02i
MA10.02b
MC01.04.01o
LD01.01i
LD01.02i
MD03.03b
MD05o
ME01.01o
ME01.01i
ME01.03i
ME01.03o
ME01.03b
MF02.01.02b
MF02.03i
MF02.03.03b
HF03.01i
HF03.01o
MF03.02.05b
MF05.01b
MF05.05b
HG01i
MG01.01.01b
LG01.04.02I
LG01.04.03I
MG01.04.03b
LG05i
LG05.04I
MH01b
MH03.01b
HK01.01i
ML05b
MM01.07b
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01o
MA01i
MC01.04.01o
LD01.01i
LD01.02i
MD05o
ME01.01i
ME01.01o
HK01.01o
HK03.04i
LUb

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR957.79

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Alyko Dimou Naxou*1.12
GR95Troulos (Filotiou Naxou)*3.90
GR95Fanari (Filotiou Naxou)*2.78

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Alyko Dimou Naxou*1.12
Troulos (Filotiou Naxou)*3.90
Fanari (Filotiou Naxou)*2.78

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY