Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR4220018

1.3 Site name

SYROS: OROS SYRINGAS EOS PARALIA

1.4 First Compilation date

1994-12

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1997-04
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:24.907040
Latitude:36.377094

2.2 Area [ha]

804.3200

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.1300

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR42Notio Aigaio

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1240  info      13.9848  0.00 
1310  info      0.0176191  0.00 
1410  info      0.594218  0.00 
2120  info      1.31492  0.00 
3170  info  X     0.0160643  0.00 
3290  info      0.00         
5210  info      6.79369  0.00 
5420  info      720.942  0.00 
8210  info      0.0434078  0.00 
92D0  info      1.52499  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
R1293Elaphe situla           
R2373Mauremys rivulata           
P1459Silene holzmanii    205  205   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
Centaurea raphanina ssp. mixta                   
1274Chalcides ocellatus                   
1274Chalcides ocellatus                   
1274Chalcides ocellatus                   
Crocus laevigatus                   
Crocus tournefortii                   
Dianthus fruticosus ssp. amorginus                   
Elymus farctus ssp. rechingeri                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
Natrix natrix                   
Natrix natrix                   
1238Podarcis erhardii                   
1238Podarcis erhardii                   
1238Podarcis erhardii                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N010.05
N040.20
N051.82
N061.00
N0881.92
N1514.10
N160.09
N220.82

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The site is located at the north part of the island. It contains the mountain Syringas and is extended up to the western coastal area, from the bay Marmari to the bay Delfini. It is the only area in the island with limestones, in contrast to the rest of the island where volcanic rocks are the main geological components. There are many springs, surrounded by running water related vegetation, sea cliffs, inland cliffs, caves, screes and small gorges. At the coastal area there are not extended sand dunes. In general, the site can be considered as a typical phryganic ecosystem.The site area includes the main part of the population of Woodwardia radicans (unique population in Greece).

4.2 Quality and importance

The quality and importance of the site result from the following elements: 1) The mountain Syringas is naturally protected because of the steep rocks and cliffs and the lack of roads that make the area difficult to access. 2) There are a lot of unexplored caves. 3) The site as a whole (and particularly the mountain Syringas) is very important for the avifauna and the mammals, due to its geomorphology and to the presence of many refuges. Mammals populations are in an excellent condition. 4) Its flora is rich in common and endemic species. The later are of great interest, as many of them are rare endemic species of the Aegean. Its fauna is also rich in local endemic invertebrates. 5) Sand dunes are very important for the conservation of the flora. 6) The site can be considered as a typical phryganic ecosystem.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA01o
LA01i
MA04o
LA04i
LA05.02o
LA07o
LA08o
LA08i
LA09i
LD01.01o
LD01.01i
LD01.02o
MD01.02b
MD03.03b
LE01.02o
LE01.02i
ME01.03b
LE03.01o
LE03.01i
MF02.01.02b
MF02.03o
MF02.03i
MF02.03.03b
MF03.01i
MF03.01o
LF03.02i
LF03.02o
MF03.02.05b
LF04o
LF04i
MF05.01b
MF05.05b
LG01.01o
LG01.01i
MG01.01.01b
MG01.04.03b
MH01b
MH03.01b
MK01.01i
MK01.01o
ML05b
LL09o
LL09i
MM01.07b
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA01o
LA01i
LA05.02i
LA05.02o
LA07i
LA08o
LA08i
LA09o
LA09i
LD01.01i
LD01.01o
LD01.02o
LE01.02i
LG01.01o
LG01.01i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR9512.49

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Ano Meria (Syrou)*12.49

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Ano Meria (Syrou)*12.49

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY