Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

C

1.2 Site code

GR4310003

1.3 Site name

NISOS DIA

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-01

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2001-10
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)
Date site proposed as SCI:1997-04
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:25.216111
Latitude:35.453611

2.2 Area [ha]

1184.6100

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR43Kriti

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1240  info      111.065  0.00 
1310  info      0.279504  0.00 
5210  info      11.0287  0.00 
5420  info      785.794  0.00 
8210  info      6.07631  0.00 
9320  info      263.228  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA228Apus (Tachymarptis) melba           
BA228Apus (Tachymarptis) melba           
BA226Apus apus           
BA087Buteo buteo           
BA403Buteo rufinus       
BA010Calonectris diomedea           
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)           
BA100Falco eleonorae    150  200     
BA709Falco peregrinus brookei           
BA707Hieraaetus fasciatus (Aquila fasciata)           
BA251Hirundo rustica           
BA392Phalacrocorax aristotelis desmarestii           
BA691Podiceps cristatus cristatus           
BA464Puffinus yelkouan           
BA464Puffinus yelkouan           
BA440Sylvia rueppelli           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Alyssoides cretica                   
Atriplex recurva                   
Campanula creutzburgii                   
Carlina diae                   
Carlina diae                   
Crepis tybakiensis                   
Cynara cornigera                   
Helichrysum orientale                   
Petromarula pinnata                   
Phlomis lanata                   
Sedum praesidis                   
Verbascum arcturus                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0520.29
N0864.77
N1814.27
N220.67

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The island of Dia is located 14 km north of Irakleion Bay (Kriti), with 5 km maximum length and 3 km maximum width. It is uniformly covered by low sclerophyllous vegetation with Sarcopoterium spinosum (dominant species) and Pistacia lentiscus, in the form of small shrubs (mostly at the western parts). The island exhibits a high degree of vegetational degradation, having been overgrazed during the last decades, initially by domestic goats and, after 1955, by the introduction of the Cretan "agrimi" (Capra aegagrus cretica), which overpopulated the island. During the last years, an effort is being made by the Department of Forestry to remove all goats (wild or hybrid ones) and to reintroduce -after vegetation has recovered- the wild type of the Cretan "agrimi".

4.2 Quality and importance

The island seems to be a very important biotope for endemic plants and for plants with low dispersal of the Southern Aegean. Two strictly endemic species of the island have been identified until now; however, there are strong suggestions for the presence of more. Monk seals are also often seen by local fishermen around the island. OTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES WITH MOTIVATION D Cynara cornigera is a species with distribution in S. Greece, the Aegean and Cyprus. Helichrysum orientale is a species found only in W Turkey out of Greece.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA04i
MB01i
LB01.02i
HC03.03b
LD01.01i
MD03.03b
LD06i
ME01.03b
LE01.04i
MF02.01.02b
MF02.03.03b
LF03.02i
MF03.02.05b
MF05.01b
MF05.05b
MG01.01.01b
MG01.04.03b
LG01.08i
MH01b
MH03.01b
HI03.01i
MJ01i
ML05b
MM01.07b
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA05.02i
LD01.01i
LD06i
HF03.01i
LG01.08i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR2397.48

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR23Dias Irakleiou*97.48

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Dias Irakleiou*97.48

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:FOREST DIRECTORATE OF IRAKLEIO
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY