Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR4310005

1.3 Site name

ASTEROUSIA (KOFINAS)

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-04

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1996-08
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:25.111111
Latitude:34.967500

2.2 Area [ha]

16050.4200

2.3 Marine area [%]

3.3900

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR43Kriti

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1120  info  X     0.00   
1170  info      0.00   
1240  info      129.427  0.00 
3290  info      0.00         
5330  info      2.71552  0.00 
5420  info      12558.3  0.00 
6220  info  X     4.89198  0.00 
8140  info      4.0233  0.00 
8210  info      167.293  0.00 
9290  info      114.594  0.00 
92D0  info      18.5035  0.00 
9320  info      226.145  0.00 
9370  info  X     0.929646  0.00 
9540  info      874.448  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
I4011Bolbelasmus unicornis           
P4082Crepis pusilla                     
P4082Crepis pusilla    grids1x1   
R1293Elaphe situla           
M1307Myotis blythii                 
P1685Origanum dictamnus    200  750   
P1896Phoenix theophrasti    149  149   
M1306Rhinolophus blasii                 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Anacamptis pyramidalis                   
Anacamptis pyramidalis                   
Aplysina aerophoba                   
Arca noae                   
Arenaria guicciardii                   
Arum creticum                   
Asperula rigida                   
Axinella polypoides                   
Barlia robertiana                   
Barlia robertiana                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
Campanula saxatilis ssp. saxatilis                   
Campanula saxatilis ssp. saxatilis                   
Caryophyllia sp                   
Caulerpa cylindracea                   
Centaurea argentea                   
1274Chalcides ocellatus                   
1274Chalcides ocellatus                   
1274Chalcides ocellatus                   
Crepis tybakiensis                   
Cystoseira amentacea                   
Cystoseira crinitophylla                   
Ebenus cretica                   
Erysimum candicum ssp. candicum                   
Filago aegaea ssp. aristata                   
Ganonema farinosum                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
5669Hierophis gemonensis                   
5669Hierophis gemonensis                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
Hypericum jovis                   
Hypericum jovis                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
Lactuca acanthifolia                   
Lithophyllum tortuosum                   
Malcolmia flexuosa ssp. naxensis                   
1292Natrix tessellata                   
1292Natrix tessellata                   
1292Natrix tessellata                   
Ophrys fusca                   
Ophrys fusca                   
Ophrys tenthredinifera                   
Ophrys tenthredinifera                   
Percnon gibbesi                   
Petromarula pinnata                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
5361Rana cretensis                   
5361Rana cretensis                   
5361Rana cretensis                   
Scabiosa minoana ssp. asterusica                   
Sedum praesidis                   
Siganus rivulatus                   
Siganus rivulatus                   
Silene vulgaris ssp. suffrutescens                   
Staehelina fruticosa                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
Titanoderma trochanter                   
Veronica kavusica                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N012.50
N051.11
N060.01
N0885.13
N160.11
N176.13
N184.68
N220.33

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The site includes the eastern range of the massif of Asterousia Ori on southern Crete. The marine area covers less than 1% of the site. The rocks consist mainly of limestones and dolomites, and the lowland eastern area is covered by Neogene sediments. Mount Kofinas, the highest summit (1231 m), is a bare, rugged mountain.On its southern slopes there are woods with Pinus brutia and small patches of Cupressus sempervirens. The dominant vegetation type is phrygana and there are many areas affected by regular overgrazing by sheep and goats. There are also intermittent streams running down to the sea.There are caves in southern Asterousia, most of them very important from the archaeological view.The coastline is rocky and indended with bays and small capes and numerous caves. Notably, there is a small thicket of Phoenix theophrastii at Agios Nikitas cove (near Achendrias).The marine habitats, posidonia beds and reefs are in excellent condition and monk seals live in the marine caves.

4.2 Quality and importance

The importance of this site consists in: 1) The presence of monk seals in the marine caves; 2) The area hosts endemic and protected plant species. The presence of two Annex II plant species, Phoenix theophrastii and Origanum dictamnus, should be noted.; 3) The whole site is of archaeological importance, with very interesting caves with prehistoric remnants, archaeological relics and temples, byzantine monasteries etc.; 4) The aesthetic value of the site due to its morphology; the whole area of Asterousia mountains is a Natural Beauty Landscape. OTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES WITH MOTIVATION D:Plants: Lactuca acanthifolia (= Scariola acanthifolia) is found in Ydra, Cyclades, East Aegean Islands and only in SW Turkey out of Greece. Filago aegaea ssp. aristata is a plant with distribution in S & E Aegean, Ionian Islands, Kriti and Cyprus. Malcolmia flexuosa ssp. naxensis is endemic to the Aegean region and Anatolia.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA01i
MA04i
HA04.01.02I
LA07i
LA09i
MA11I
HC03.03I
LD01.01i
LD01.02i
MD03.03b
LE01.01i
ME01.03b
LE03.01i
MF02b
MF02.01.02b
MF02.03.03b
LF03.01i
MF03.02.05b
MF05.01b
HF05.01b
MF05.04b
MF05.05b
MG01.01.01b
MG01.04.03b
LG05.01b
MG05.07b
MH01b
HH01i
LH01.03i
HH01.05b
MH03.01b
LH03.03b
HI01b
LJ01i
HJ03.01b
ML05b
HL09I
ML09i
HM01.01b
MM01.07b
HM02.01b
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA01i
LE01.01i
LUb

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR9516.34

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Asterousia Dimon Asterousion kai Kofina*16.34

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Asterousia Dimon Asterousion kai Kofina*16.34

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:FOREST DIRECTORATE OF IRAKLEIO
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY