Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR4310006

1.3 Site name

DIKTI: OMALOS VIANNOU (SYMI - OMALOS)

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-04

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1997-04
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:25.434167
Latitude:35.068611

2.2 Area [ha]

3912.0600

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR43Kriti
GR43Kriti

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
3170  info  X     5.40272  0.00 
3290  info      0.00         
4090  info      99.382  0.00 
5420  info      1581.01  0.00 
6220  info  X     1.39174  0.00 
8140  info      13.3504  0.00 
8210  info      47.3116  0.00 
92C0  info      17.9681  0.00 
92D0  info      5.49251  0.00 
9540  info      443.141  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
R1293Elaphe situla           
P1685Origanum dictamnus    100  500     
P1436Zelkova abelicea    47  54  adults   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Asperula rigida                   
Astragalus idaeus                   
Avenula cycladum                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
Campanula pelviformis                   
Chaenorhinum idaeum                   
1274Chalcides ocellatus                   
1274Chalcides ocellatus                   
1274Chalcides ocellatus                   
Crocidura zimmermanni                   
Crocidura zimmermanni                   
Crocidura zimmermanni                   
Crocus oreocreticus                   
Cyclamen creticum                   
Ebenus cretica                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
Geocaryum creticum                   
Geocaryum creticum                   
5669Hierophis gemonensis                   
5669Hierophis gemonensis                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
Petromarula pinnata                   
Scabiosa minoana ssp. minoana                   
Scutellaria sieberi                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
Viola cretica                   
Viola fragrans                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N060.01
N0854.75
N1525.36
N160.05
N178.19
N1810.15
N221.17
N230.32

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The site is mountainous, located in southern central Crete and covers part of the southern massif of Dikti in Iraklion Prefecture. It is delimited by Omalos plateau and Erganas stream on the north and by the contour of 700 to 800 m on the south including the southeastern peaks and slopes (Tourlou, Kynigou, Graspiasmasta etc) of Dikti mountains, the area of Ano Viannos in the south and Symi in the south-east.Springs and small intermittent streams are scattered throughout the site with Platanus orientalis and Nerium oleander riparian formations along the watercources. There is also a temporary pond at Omalos Viannou. The vegetation in most of the site is typical of Cretan calcareous cliffs and rocks, with phrygana and maquis (Q. coccifera) formations. There are also bare rocks and caves. Finally, there are Pinus brutia forests on the southern slopes and also cypress forests (Acero-Cupression), over 800 m.

4.2 Quality and importance

The total of the landscape and of the biotopes with the rare and endemic animals and plants compose a site with ecological and aesthetic value. The ecological importance lies on the existence of a range of habitat types, with a vegetation mostly at a good conservation status, from phrygana to maquis to forests to streams and ponds and to steep cliffs, screes and caves. The flora and fauna of these biotopes typically contains endemic and moreover local endemic species in Crete. Regarding the flora, there is the typical chasmophytic flora with rare and endemic species. The avifauna includes rare and protected birds of prey and the area is considered an important for the avifauna ecosystem at local level.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA01i
MA04i
MF03.01i
HI03.01b
MK03.01b
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA01i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR9549.42

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Amiron, Kefalovrysiou Dimou Viannou*49.42

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Amiron, Kefalovrysiou Dimou Viannou*49.42

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:FOREST DIRECTORATE OF LASITHI
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY