Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

GR4310009

1.3 Site name

KROUSONAS - VROMONERO IDIS

1.4 First Compilation date

1996-01

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:1997-02
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:24.919167
Latitude:35.187778

2.2 Area [ha]

7927.9300

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR43Kriti
GR43Kriti

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA255Anthus campestris           
BA228Apus (Tachymarptis) melba           
BA091Aquila chrysaetos       
BA087Buteo buteo           
BA403Buteo rufinus           
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla           
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus           
BA081Circus aeruginosus           
BA082Circus cyaneus           
BA083Circus macrourus           
BA084Circus pygargus           
BA379Emberiza hortulana           
BA101Falco biarmicus       
BA100Falco eleonorae    10     
BA100Falco eleonorae    10     
BA709Falco peregrinus brookei       
BA097Falco vespertinus           
BA321Ficedula albicollis             
BA442Ficedula semitorquata           
BA076Gypaetus barbatus       
BA078Gyps fulvus    11     
BA707Hieraaetus fasciatus (Aquila fasciata)       
BA251Hirundo rustica             
BA246Lullula arborea           
BA771Passer hispaniolensis             
BA072Pernis apivorus           
BA346Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax           
BA210Streptopelia turtur             
BA440Sylvia rueppelli    25  50     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Amelanchier ovalis ssp. cretica                   
Arum creticum                   
Arum idaeum                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
Crepis auriculifolia                   
Crepis auriculifolia                   
Cyclamen creticum                   
Ebenus cretica                   
Hypericum jovis                   
Hypericum jovis                   
Hypericum trichocaulon                   
Petromarula pinnata                   
Phlomis lanata                   
Polygonum idaeum                   
Scabiosa albocincta                   
Scabiosa sphaciotica                   
Teucrium alpestre                   
Tulipa cretica                   
Valeriana asarifolia                   
Veronica kavusica                   
Viola cretica                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover

0

Other Site Characteristics

The site is located at the centre of crete in the south - east part of the massif of Psiloritis (Idi oros) which is one of the three major mountain ranges of Crete. The area includes two drainage basins between the mountains of Skinakas (1750 m), Madara (1474 m) and Koudoumi (1857 m) and between Chalasokefalo (1917 m), Koudouni, Abelakia (1441) and Samari (1413 m). These are occupy by two forests of Kermes Oak (Quercus coccifera), the sparse of Krousonas and the well conserved and one of the largest of Crete of Rouvas. In these forests the Cretan Maple (Acer creticus) has a good dynamic of recover. The other main vegetation of the mountainous zones are the cretan mid - elevated phrygana with Berberis crettica euphorbia acanthtamnos and Astragalus angustifolium up to 1500 - 1600 m as well as lower altitudes phrygana of Sarcopoterium spinosum type. Moreover near the summits of the mountains oro - mediterranean heaths which occupy all the Cretan mountains upper 1500 m. Many taxa that characterize these formations are Cretan endemics (Aspertila idaea, Centaurea idaea etc). The spring of Zaros is outcoming from the same gorge. The dolines are of special interest, the wet dolines are characterized by scanty vegetation of annuals common in other places but rare in Crete, while the dry dolines are characterized by dense vegetation and, in Psiloritis, by the occurence of Polygonium idaeum, specialised in this type of habitat and confined in Psilorotis and Dikti, and of Gagea fibrosa, a strict endemic to the dolines of Psiloritis, Pine groves (Pinus brutia) occur at the south - west slopes of the site. There is also low - not exceeding 1m - grazed, sparsely covered Quercus coccifera garrigue. human activities occur since early Neolothic times.

4.2 Quality and importance

The site is characterized by landscape diversity, high biodiversity, the presence of many Cretan and Greek endemic species of flora and fauna, rare plant associations, rare species, threatened species and species in danger of extinction. More than 100 plant species of the site are endemic to the Cretan area. Some of them are extremely rare (species included in section 3.3. with motivation D). Many species of land snails are endemic (some of which are Cretan endemics). There is a rich endemic cave fauna with species restricted in one (or few) caves. Idi mountain is one of the EU's Important Bird Areas. Rouvas forest and Zaros canyon have been proposed for designation as biogenetic reserve. OTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES WITH MOTIVATION D The following species are protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81) and are included in the IUCN Red Data List (1993) in the category of threatened plants: Arum creticum is a species with distribution in Crete and the East Aegean found only in SW. Turkey out of Greece. Amelanchier ovalis ssp. cretica is a subspecies with distribution in Sicily and Greece.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01b
HA04b
MA05.01b
LB02.02i
LB02.03i
MC01.04.01o
HC03.03b
LD01.01b
HD01.02b
ME01.02o
LE03.01o
MF03.01b
LF03.02b
LF04b
MF05.04b
LG01.02o
MJ01b
MK01.01b
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LB02.02i
LB02.03i
ME01.02o
LG01.02o

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR9533.76

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Periochi Gournas Dimos Krousona*5.91
GR95Psiloreitis Dimou Zirou kai Ravou*27.84

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Periochi Gournas Dimos Krousona*5.91
Psiloreitis Dimou Zirou kai Ravou*27.84

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:1. FOREST DIRECTORATE OF IRAKLEIO, 2. CURATOR OF PREHISTORIC AND CLASSIC ANTIQUITIES, 3. FOREST DIRECTORATE OF RETHYMNO, 4. CURATOR OF PREHISTORIC AND CLASSIC ANTIQUITIES OF RETHYMNO
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY