Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

GR4310009

1.3 Site name

KROUSONAS - VROMONERO IDIS

1.4 First Compilation date

1996-01

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:1997-02
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:24.919167
Latitude:35.187778

2.2 Area [ha]

7927.9300

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR43Kriti
GR43Kriti

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover

0

Other Site Characteristics

The site is located at the centre of crete in the south - east part of the massif of Psiloritis (Idi oros) which is one of the three major mountain ranges of Crete. The area includes two drainage basins between the mountains of Skinakas (1750 m), Madara (1474 m) and Koudoumi (1857 m) and between Chalasokefalo (1917 m), Koudouni, Abelakia (1441) and Samari (1413 m). These are occupy by two forests of Kermes Oak (Quercus coccifera), the sparse of Krousonas and the well conserved and one of the largest of Crete of Rouvas. In these forests the Cretan Maple (Acer creticus) has a good dynamic of recover. The other main vegetation of the mountainous zones are the cretan mid - elevated phrygana with Berberis crettica euphorbia acanthtamnos and Astragalus angustifolium up to 1500 - 1600 m as well as lower altitudes phrygana of Sarcopoterium spinosum type. Moreover near the summits of the mountains oro - mediterranean heaths which occupy all the Cretan mountains upper 1500 m. Many taxa that characterize these formations are Cretan endemics (Aspertila idaea, Centaurea idaea etc). The spring of Zaros is outcoming from the same gorge. The dolines are of special interest, the wet dolines are characterized by scanty vegetation of annuals common in other places but rare in Crete, while the dry dolines are characterized by dense vegetation and, in Psiloritis, by the occurence of Polygonium idaeum, specialised in this type of habitat and confined in Psilorotis and Dikti, and of Gagea fibrosa, a strict endemic to the dolines of Psiloritis, Pine groves (Pinus brutia) occur at the south - west slopes of the site. There is also low - not exceeding 1m - grazed, sparsely covered Quercus coccifera garrigue. human activities occur since early Neolothic times.

4.2 Quality and importance

The site is characterized by landscape diversity, high biodiversity, the presence of many Cretan and Greek endemic species of flora and fauna, rare plant associations, rare species, threatened species and species in danger of extinction. More than 100 plant species of the site are endemic to the Cretan area. Some of them are extremely rare (species included in section 3.3. with motivation D). Many species of land snails are endemic (some of which are Cretan endemics). There is a rich endemic cave fauna with species restricted in one (or few) caves. Idi mountain is one of the EU's Important Bird Areas. Rouvas forest and Zaros canyon have been proposed for designation as biogenetic reserve. OTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES WITH MOTIVATION D The following species are protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81) and are included in the IUCN Red Data List (1993) in the category of threatened plants: Arum creticum is a species with distribution in Crete and the East Aegean found only in SW. Turkey out of Greece. Amelanchier ovalis ssp. cretica is a subspecies with distribution in Sicily and Greece.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01b
HA04b
MA05.01b
LB02.02i
LB02.03i
MC01.04.01o
HC03.03b
LD01.01b
HD01.02b
ME01.02o
LE03.01o
MF03.01b
LF03.02b
LF04b
MF05.04b
LG01.02o
MJ01b
MK01.01b
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LB02.02i
LB02.03i
ME01.02o
LG01.02o

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR9533.76

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Periochi Gournas Dimos Krousona*5.91
GR95Psiloreitis Dimou Zirou kai Ravou*27.84

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Periochi Gournas Dimos Krousona*5.91
Psiloreitis Dimou Zirou kai Ravou*27.84

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:1. FOREST DIRECTORATE OF IRAKLEIO, 2. CURATOR OF PREHISTORIC AND CLASSIC ANTIQUITIES, 3. FOREST DIRECTORATE OF RETHYMNO, 4. CURATOR OF PREHISTORIC AND CLASSIC ANTIQUITIES OF RETHYMNO
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY