Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

GR4310013

1.3 Site name

ASTEROUSIA ORI (KOFINAS)

1.4 First Compilation date

2009-06

1.5 Update date

-

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2010-03
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/1-9-2012 (OJ 1495 B)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:25.117778
Latitude:34.977500

2.2 Area [ha]

28648.4700

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR43Kriti

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1240  info      0.00           
5420  info      0.00           
9290  info      0.00           
92D0  info      0.00           
9320  info      0.00           
9540  info      0.00           
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA402Accipiter brevipes                   
BA293Acrocephalus melanopogon                   
BA293Acrocephalus melanopogon                   
BA247Alauda arvensis                   
BA247Alauda arvensis                   
BA229Alcedo atthis                   
BA255Anthus campestris                   
BA226Apus apus                   
BA226Apus apus                   
BA228Apus melba                   
BA228Apus melba                   
BA091Aquila chrysaetos       
BA089Aquila pomarina                   
BA028Ardea cinerea                   
BA029Ardea purpurea                   
BA024Ardeola ralloides                   
BA087Buteo buteo    15  15             
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla                   
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla                   
BA010Calonectris diomedea                   
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus                   
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus                   
BA031Ciconia ciconia                   
BA030Ciconia nigra                   
BA081Circus aeruginosus                   
BA082Circus cyaneus                   
BA083Circus macrourus                   
BA084Circus pygargus                   
BA208Columba palumbus                   
BA253Delichon urbica                   
BA027Egretta alba                   
BA026Egretta garzetta                   
R1293Elaphe situla           
BA447Emberiza caesia                   
BA379Emberiza hortulana           
BA379Emberiza hortulana    200       
BA382Emberiza melanocephala                   
BA101Falco biarmicus       
BA100Falco eleonorae                   
BA103Falco peregrinus    10  10     
BA097Falco vespertinus                   
BA321Ficedula albicollis                   
BA442Ficedula semitorquata                   
BA076Gypaetus barbatus       
BA078Gyps fulvus    19  19     
BA093Hieraaetus fasciatus       
BA439Hippolais olivetorum                   
BA438Hippolais pallida                   
BA438Hippolais pallida                   
BA251Hirundo rustica                   
BA022Ixobrychus minutus                   
BA233Jynx torquilla                   
BA338Lanius collurio                   
BA338Lanius collurio                   
BA339Lanius minor                   
BA341Lanius senator                   
BA341Lanius senator                   
BA246Lullula arborea                   
BA230Merops apiaster                   
BA073Milvus migrans                   
BA073Milvus migrans                   
M1366Monachus monachus                 
M1366Monachus monachus                 
BA280Monticola saxatilis                   
BA260Motacilla flava                   
BA319Muscicapa striata                   
BA319Muscicapa striata                   
BA023Nycticorax nycticorax                   
BA278Oenanthe hispanica                   
BA435Oenanthe isabellina                   
P1685Origanum dictamnus                 
P1685Origanum dictamnus                 
BA337Oriolus oriolus                   
BA214Otus scops                   
BA214Otus scops                   
BA214Otus scops                   
BA355Passer hispaniolensis                   
BA355Passer hispaniolensis                   
BA072Pernis apivorus                   
BA274Phoenicurus phoenicurus                   
P1896Phoenix theophrasti           
P1896Phoenix theophrasti                 
P1896Phoenix theophrasti           
BA032Plegadis falcinellus                   
BA464Puffinus yelkouan                   
BA464Puffinus yelkouan                   
BA346Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax    100  150     
BA249Riparia riparia                   
BA155Scolopax rusticola                   
BA155Scolopax rusticola                   
BA210Streptopelia turtur                   
BA210Streptopelia turtur                   
BA440Sylvia rueppelli           
BA440Sylvia rueppelli    150       
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Anacamptis piramidalis                   
Anacamptis pyramidalis                   
Anacamptis pyramidalis                   
Arenaria guicciardii                   
Arenaria guicciardii                   
Arum creticum                   
Arum creticum                   
Asperula rigida                   
Asperula rigida                   
Barlia robertiana                   
Barlia robertiana                   
Barlia robertiana                   
Campanula creutzburgii                   
Campanula saxatilis ssp. saxatilis                   
Campanula saxatilis ssp. saxatilis                   
Campanula saxatilis ssp. saxatilis                   
Centaurea argentea                   
Centaurea argentea                   
Chalcides ocelattus                   
1274Chalcides ocellatus                   
1274Chalcides ocellatus                   
Coluber gemonensis                   
Coluber gemonensis                   
Coluber gemonensis                   
Crepis pusilla                   
Crepis pusilla                   
Crepis tybakiensis                   
Crepis tybakiensis                   
Crepis tybakiensis                   
Ebenus cretica                   
Ebenus cretica                   
Ebenus cretica                   
Erysimum candicum ssp. candicum                   
Erysimum candicum ssp. candicum                   
Filago aegaea ssp. aristata                   
Filago aegea ssp. aristata                   
Hypericum jovis                   
Hypericum jovis                   
Lactuca acanthifolia                   
Lactuta acanthifolia                   
Malcolmia flexuosa ssp. naxensis                   
Malcolmia flexuosa ssp. naxensis                   
Martes foina bunites                   
Mustela nivalis galinthias                   
1292Natrix tessellata                   
Nepeta melissifolia                   
Ophrys fusca                   
Ophrys fusca                   
Ophrys tenthredinifera                   
Ophrys tenthredinifera                   
Orchis italica                   
Petromarula pinnata                   
Petromarula pinnata                   
Scabiosa minoana ssp. asterusica                   
Scabrosa minoana ssp. asterusica                   
Sedum praesidis                   
Sedum praesidis                   
Silene vulgaris ssp. suffrutescens                   
Silene vulgaris ssp. suffrutescens                   
Staehelina fruticosa                   
Veronica kavusica                   
Veronica kavusica                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N010.69
N0847.58
N0941.89
N219.84

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The site includes the Asterousia Ori massif on southern Crete. The marine area covers less than 1% of the site. The rocks consist mainly of limestones and dolomites, and the lowland eastern area is covered by Neogene sediments. Mount Kofinas, the highest summit (1231 m), is a bare, rugged mountain. At some areas the slopes are covered with pioneer vegetation with Sedum spp. (habitat type 8220).On its southern slopes there are woods with Pinus brutia and small patches of Cupressus sempervirens. The dominant vegetation type is phrygana and there are many areas affected by regular overgrazing by sheep and goats. There are also intermittent streams running down to the sea.There are caves in southern Asterousia, most of them very important from the archaeological view.The coastline is rocky and indended with bays and small capes and numerous caves. Notably, there is a small thicket of Phoenix theophrastii at Agios Nikitas cove (near Achendrias).The marine habitats, posidonia beds and reefs are in excellent condition and monk seals live in the marine caves. There are also many rocky cliffs and gorges. The gorges present continuous changes of landscape, especially Agiofarango gorge (the name literally means the "saint's gorge").

4.2 Quality and importance

A very important site for rare birds of prey, most notably the Lammergeier, the Griffon Vulture and the Lanner Falcon. Significant populations of other raptors like the Golden Eagle, the Bonelli's Eagle and the Peregrine Falcon. One of the most important areas for the Chough whose distribution in Greece is limited. It is also a very important area for the Ruppell's Warbler (one of the largest concentrations of breeding pairs in Greece), the Ortolan Bunting and many more migrant species during spring and fall, including storks and herons. A small population of Monk Seals is also present.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA04i
ME01.02i
HA10.01i
LD01.02i
MA08i
MF03.01i
MA07i
MF02.03o
HG02.08i
HD01.01i
MF06o
LE01.01i
LJ01i
MA01i
ML09i
MG02.08o
LA09i
LE01o
MH06.01i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MG02.08o
LE01o
HG02.08i
LA09i
MF02.03o
HD01.01i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

- BOURDAKIS, S. 2003. Localization and mapping of breeding areas and colonies of the species: Griffon vulture Gyps fulvus, Black vulture Aegypius monachus, Bearded vulture Gypaetus barbatus, Egyptian vulture Neophron percnopterus, Golden eagle Aquila chrysaetos and Imperial eagle Aquila heliaca in Greece. Technical Report. Hellenic Ornithological Society, Athens. (in Greek) - BOURDAKIS, S. ALIVIZATOS, H., AZMANIS, P., HALLMANN, B., PANAYOTOPOULOU, M., PAPAKONSTANTINOU, C., PROBONAS, N. ROUSOPOULOS, Y. SKARTSI, D., STARA, K. TSIAKIRIS, R. & XIROUCHAKIS, S. 2004. The situation of Griffon Vulture in Greece. In: The Eurasian Griffon Vulture (Gyps fulvus) in Europe and the Mediterranean. Status report and Action plan. L. Slotta-Bachmayr, R. Bogel, C.A. Camina (Eds.): 48-56. EGVWG. - DELESTRADE, Á. 1998. Breeding and distribution of the populaiton of Cough Pyrrhocorax p. docilis in Aegean Islands and Crete. Unpublished report to NHMC, Un. Of Crete.

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
IN06100.00
GR9518.03

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Vigla-Kryo Nero (Antiskariou)2.09
GR95Dytika Asterousia - Agiofarango tou Dimou Moiron6.71
GR95Asterousia Dimon Asterousion kai Kofina9.23
IN06Asterousia Ori (Kofinas)100.00

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Vigla-Kryo Nero (Antiskariou)2.09
Dytika Asterousia - Agiofarango tou Dimou Moiron6.71
Asterousia Dimon Asterousion kai Kofina9.23
Asterousia Ori (Kofinas)100.00

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:FOREST DIRECTORATE OF IRAKLEIO
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

Management plan for mountainous area of Asterousia.

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY