Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

GR4310013

1.3 Site name

ASTEROUSIA ORI (KOFINAS)

1.4 First Compilation date

2009-06

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2010-03
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:25.117778
Latitude:34.977500

2.2 Area [ha]

28463.9400

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR43Kriti

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA402Accipiter brevipes                   
BA293Acrocephalus melanopogon                   
BA293Acrocephalus melanopogon                   
BA247Alauda arvensis                 
BA247Alauda arvensis                 
BA229Alcedo atthis                   
BA255Anthus campestris    230  230  i/sq.km         
BA228Apus (Tachymarptis) melba    55  55  i/sq.km         
BA228Apus (Tachymarptis) melba                 
BA226Apus apus    22  22  i/sq.km         
BA226Apus apus                 
BA091Aquila chrysaetos       
BA089Aquila pomarina                   
BA699Ardea cinerea cinerea                   
BA634Ardea purpurea purpurea                 
BA635Ardeola ralloides ralloides                   
BA087Buteo buteo    14  14           
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla    15  20  i/sq.km         
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla                 
BA010Calonectris diomedea                   
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus                 
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus                 
BA667Ciconia ciconia ciconia           
BA030Ciconia nigra                   
BA081Circus aeruginosus               
BA082Circus cyaneus                 
BA083Circus macrourus                 
BA084Circus pygargus                   
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)                 
BA698Egretta alba (Casmerodius albus albus)                   
BA697Egretta garzetta garzetta                 
BA447Emberiza caesia                   
BA379Emberiza hortulana           
BA379Emberiza hortulana    15  20  i/sq.km     
BA101Falco biarmicus       
BA511Falco cherrug             
BA100Falco eleonorae                 
BA095Falco naumanni           
BA709Falco peregrinus brookei       
BA097Falco vespertinus                 
BA321Ficedula albicollis                   
BA442Ficedula semitorquata                   
BA076Gypaetus barbatus       
BA078Gyps fulvus    20  30     
BA707Hieraaetus fasciatus (Aquila fasciata)       
BA092Hieraaetus pennatus (Aquila pennata)             
BA439Hippolais olivetorum                   
BA251Hirundo rustica                 
BA617Ixobrychus minutus minutus                   
BA233Jynx torquilla                   
BA338Lanius collurio                 
BA338Lanius collurio                 
BA339Lanius minor                   
BA246Lullula arborea                 
BA230Merops apiaster                 
BA073Milvus migrans                   
BA073Milvus migrans                   
BA260Motacilla flava                 
BA610Nycticorax nycticorax nycticorax                   
BA337Oriolus oriolus                   
BA771Passer hispaniolensis                   
BA771Passer hispaniolensis                   
BA072Pernis apivorus                 
BA700Plegadis falcinellus falcinellus                   
BA464Puffinus yelkouan                   
BA464Puffinus yelkouan                   
BA346Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax    100  150     
BA249Riparia riparia                   
BA210Streptopelia turtur                 
BA210Streptopelia turtur                 
BA440Sylvia rueppelli    40  45  i/sq.km     
BA440Sylvia rueppelli    15  20  i/sq.km     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Anacamptis pyramidalis                   
Anacamptis pyramidalis                   
Arenaria guicciardii                   
Arum creticum                   
Asperula rigida                   
Barlia robertiana                   
Barlia robertiana                   
Campanula creutzburgii                   
Campanula saxatilis ssp. saxatilis                   
Campanula saxatilis ssp. saxatilis                   
Campanula saxatilis ssp. saxatilis                   
Campanula saxatilis ssp. saxatilis                   
Centaurea argentea                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
Crepis pusilla                   
Crepis pusilla                   
Crepis tybakiensis                   
Crepis tybakiensis                   
Ebenus cretica                   
Ebenus cretica                   
Erysimum candicum ssp. candicum                   
Filago aegaea ssp. aristata                   
Filago aegea ssp. aristata                   
Hypericum jovis                   
Hypericum jovis                   
Lactuca acanthifolia                   
Lactuta acanthifolia                   
Malcolmia flexuosa ssp. naxensis                   
Nepeta melissifolia                   
A435Oenanthe isabellina                   
A435Oenanthe isabellina                   
Ophrys fusca                   
Ophrys fusca                   
Ophrys tenthredinifera                   
Ophrys tenthredinifera                   
Orchis italica                   
Orchis italica                   
Petromarula pinnata                   
Scabiosa minoana ssp. asterusica                   
Scabrosa minoana ssp. asterusica                   
Sedum praesidis                   
Silene vulgaris ssp. suffrutescens                   
Staehelina fruticosa                   
Veronica kavusica                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N010.69
N0847.58
N0941.89
N219.84

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The site includes the Asterousia Ori massif on southern Crete. The marine area covers less than 1% of the site. The rocks consist mainly of limestones and dolomites, and the lowland eastern area is covered by Neogene sediments. Mount Kofinas, the highest summit (1231 m), is a bare, rugged mountain. At some areas the slopes are covered with pioneer vegetation with Sedum spp. (habitat type 8220).On its southern slopes there are woods with Pinus brutia and small patches of Cupressus sempervirens. The dominant vegetation type is phrygana and there are many areas affected by regular overgrazing by sheep and goats. There are also intermittent streams running down to the sea.There are caves in southern Asterousia, most of them very important from the archaeological view.The coastline is rocky and indended with bays and small capes and numerous caves. Notably, there is a small thicket of Phoenix theophrastii at Agios Nikitas cove (near Achendrias).The marine habitats, posidonia beds and reefs are in excellent condition and monk seals live in the marine caves. There are also many rocky cliffs and gorges. The gorges present continuous changes of landscape, especially Agiofarango gorge (the name literally means the "saint's gorge").

4.2 Quality and importance

A very important site for rare birds of prey, most notably the Lammergeier, the Griffon Vulture and the Lanner Falcon. Significant populations of other raptors like the Golden Eagle, the Bonelli's Eagle and the Peregrine Falcon. One of the most important areas for the Chough whose distribution in Greece is limited. It is also a very important area for the Ruppell's Warbler (one of the largest concentrations of breeding pairs in Greece), the Ortolan Bunting and many more migrant species during spring and fall, including storks and herons. A small population of Monk Seals is also present.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01i
HA04i
HA04.01i
MA06.01.01i
MA07i
MA08i
LA09i
HA10.01i
HC03.03b
HD01i
HD01.01i
LD01.02i
LE01o
LE01.01i
ME01.02i
MF02.03o
MF03.01i
MF06o
MG02.08b
MH06.01i
LJ01i
ML09i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA09i
HD01.01i
LE01o
MF02.03o
MG02.08b

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR9518.03
IN06100.00

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Dytika Asterousia - Agiofarango tou Dimou Moiron*6.71
GR95Asterousia Dimon Asterousion kai Kofina*9.23
GR95Vigla-Kryo Nero (Antiskariou)*2.09

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Dytika Asterousia - Agiofarango tou Dimou Moiron*6.71
Asterousia Dimon Asterousion kai Kofina*9.23
Vigla-Kryo Nero (Antiskariou)*2.09

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:FOREST DIRECTORATE OF IRAKLEIO
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY