Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

GR4310013

1.3 Site name

ASTEROUSIA ORI (KOFINAS)

1.4 First Compilation date

2009-06

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2010-03
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:25.117778
Latitude:34.977500

2.2 Area [ha]

28463.9400

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR43Kriti

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N010.69
N0847.58
N0941.89
N219.84

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The site includes the Asterousia Ori massif on southern Crete. The marine area covers less than 1% of the site. The rocks consist mainly of limestones and dolomites, and the lowland eastern area is covered by Neogene sediments. Mount Kofinas, the highest summit (1231 m), is a bare, rugged mountain. At some areas the slopes are covered with pioneer vegetation with Sedum spp. (habitat type 8220).On its southern slopes there are woods with Pinus brutia and small patches of Cupressus sempervirens. The dominant vegetation type is phrygana and there are many areas affected by regular overgrazing by sheep and goats. There are also intermittent streams running down to the sea.There are caves in southern Asterousia, most of them very important from the archaeological view.The coastline is rocky and indended with bays and small capes and numerous caves. Notably, there is a small thicket of Phoenix theophrastii at Agios Nikitas cove (near Achendrias).The marine habitats, posidonia beds and reefs are in excellent condition and monk seals live in the marine caves. There are also many rocky cliffs and gorges. The gorges present continuous changes of landscape, especially Agiofarango gorge (the name literally means the "saint's gorge").

4.2 Quality and importance

A very important site for rare birds of prey, most notably the Lammergeier, the Griffon Vulture and the Lanner Falcon. Significant populations of other raptors like the Golden Eagle, the Bonelli's Eagle and the Peregrine Falcon. One of the most important areas for the Chough whose distribution in Greece is limited. It is also a very important area for the Ruppell's Warbler (one of the largest concentrations of breeding pairs in Greece), the Ortolan Bunting and many more migrant species during spring and fall, including storks and herons. A small population of Monk Seals is also present.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01i
HA04i
HA04.01i
MA06.01.01i
MA07i
MA08i
LA09i
HA10.01i
HC03.03b
HD01i
HD01.01i
LD01.02i
LE01o
LE01.01i
ME01.02i
MF02.03o
MF03.01i
MF06o
MG02.08b
MH06.01i
LJ01i
ML09i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA09i
HD01.01i
LE01o
MF02.03o
MG02.08b

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR9518.03
IN06100.00

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Dytika Asterousia - Agiofarango tou Dimou Moiron*6.71
GR95Asterousia Dimon Asterousion kai Kofina*9.23
GR95Vigla-Kryo Nero (Antiskariou)*2.09

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Dytika Asterousia - Agiofarango tou Dimou Moiron*6.71
Asterousia Dimon Asterousion kai Kofina*9.23
Vigla-Kryo Nero (Antiskariou)*2.09

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:FOREST DIRECTORATE OF IRAKLEIO
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY