Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR4320002

1.3 Site name

DIKTI: OROPEDIO LASITHIOU, KATHARO, SELENA, SELAKANO, CHALASMENI KORYFI

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-02

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1997-04
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:25.506440
Latitude:34.935060

2.2 Area [ha]

34655.6500

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR43Kriti
GR43Kriti

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
3290  info      0.00         
4090  info      4115.36  0.00 
5420  info      4388.05  0.00 
5430  info      7920.74  0.00 
6220  info  X     1.44114  0.00 
8140  info      37.2693  0.00 
8210  info      8.20182  0.00 
9290  info      437.6  0.00 
92C0  info      13.4083  0.00 
92D0  info      0.688945  0.00 
9320  info      50.3601  0.00 
9540  info      2474.91  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N060.99
N0847.29
N1518.89
N160.01
N178.39
N1823.80
N220.63

Total Habitat Cover

99.99999999999998

Other Site Characteristics

The area is located at the central-east part of Crete and is characterized by a belt of mountains, Dikti (altitude 2148 m, one of the three principal mountains of Crete), Selekano, Katharo, and Selena, which surround the biggest plateau of Crete, Lasithi (at 800 m altitude). The biggest part of the site is covered by large rugged mountains and gorges. The dolines are of special interest; the wet dolines are characterized by scanty vegetation of annuals common in other places but rare in Crete while the dry dolines are characterized by dense vegetation and, in Dikti, by the occurence of Polygonum idaeum, specialized in this type of habitat and confined to Psiloritis and Dikti. The characteristic types of vegetation is phrygana.The plateau is cultivated. A small part of the site is covered by vineyards. Finally, there is riparian vegetation with common perrenials or annuals (the vegetation of a constantly flowing mediterranean river with gravel bed, usually pebbles, a habitat type not included in Annex I).

4.2 Quality and importance

The following elements comprise the ecological quality and importance of the site: 1) Its flora is extremely rich in common species and in rare and vulnerable endemic species, mostly cretan; moreover, some of them are stenoendemics, exclusively found in the site or in the mountains of Crete. 2) its fauna, although it needs further investigation, is expected to be rich in endemic and rare species, such as species of gastropods. The gastropods listed in 3.3. (Other important species, Greek) are endemic to Crete or to Crete and to the little islands around. Besides, Rhinolophus ferrumequinum ssp. creticum, included in section 3.2.c. as Rhinolophus ferrumequinum, is a subspecies endemic to Crete. There are also colonies of vultures at most of the mountains and gorges with the population at the gorge of Gonion being the most typical. 3) The plateau of Lassithi produces the majority of Crete's potato crops. It also has a unique in Crete old Venetian drainage system and there are hundreds of windmills used as water pumps and composing a rare aesthetic landscape. 4) There are still vineyards with old varieties of vines at the slopes of Selekanos. 5) There are many caves with endemic fauna. 6) There are many and scientifically important fossils at Katharo mountains. OTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES WITH MOTIVATION D. Plants: The following species are protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81) and are included in the IUCN Red Data List (1993) in the category of threatened plants: Cotoneaster nummularia (vulnerable). The species Arenaria saponarioides, which are endemic to the mountains of Crete, are protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81). Allium callimischon ssp. haemostictum is a plant with distribution in Greece and SW Turkey.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01i
MA04o
HA04i
MA07i
MA08i
LA09i
LB01.02i
LB02.02i
LB02.03i
HC03.03I
LE01.02i
ME01.03i
LE03.01i
MF03.01o
MF03.02i
MF04i
LG01.02i
LG01.03i
LG01.04i
HI03.01b
MJ01o
LJ01i
LJ02i
MK01.01i
MK03.01b
LL08i
HL09I
ML09i
ML09o
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA04.03i
MA08i
LA09i
LB01.02i
LB02.03i
LE01.02i
LG01.04i
MJ02i
LL08i
LUb

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR9512.28

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Selakano Dimou Ierapetras*4.97
GR95Amiron, Kefalovrysiou Dimou Viannou*3.33
GR95Plathiani Lagkada Dimou Oropediou+1.53
GR95Ano Limnion Dimou Mallion*0.11
GR95Chalasia (Zenion-Exo Potamon-Mesa Lasithiou)+2.35

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Selakano Dimou Ierapetras*4.97
Amiron, Kefalovrysiou Dimou Viannou*3.33
Plathiani Lagkada Dimou Oropediou+1.53
Ano Limnion Dimou Mallion*0.11
Chalasia (Zenion-Exo Potamon-Mesa Lasithiou)+2.35

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:FOREST DIRECTORATE OF LASITHI
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY