Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type1.2 Site code
BGR4320003

1.3 Site name

NISOS CHRYSI
1.4 First Compilation date1.5 Update date
1995-012009-05

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1997-04
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude

25.707222

Latitude

34.871667

2.2 Area [ha]:

2.3 Marine area [%]

546.54000.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code

Region Name

GR43Kriti

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1160info      0.00   
1240info      0.00   
1310info      0.00   
1420info      0.00   
1430info      0.00   
2110info      0.00   
2120info      0.00   
2230info      0.00   
2250info      0.00   
5210info      0.00   
5420info      0.00   
6220info      0.00   
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
R1224Caretta caretta                 
M1366Monachus monachus                 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
1835  Colchicum cousturieri                   
  Cynara cornigera                   
  Cyrtodactylus kotschyi                   
  Periploca angustifolia                   
1238  Podarcis erhardii                   
1289  Telescopus fallax                   
  Teucrium brevifolium                   
  Zygophyllum album                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class

% Cover

N0111.22
N035.61
N0417.26
N056.63
N060.01
N0852.03
N097.24

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The island of Chrysi has shallow gulfs and sand beaches laid with shells. The characteristic vegetation of the sand dunes is the Juniperus oxycedrus ssp. macrocarpa arborescent matorral. A large part of the island is covered with J. oxycedrus maquis and with a mixed forest of J. oxycedrus ssp. macrocarpa and J. phoenicea. The island of Mikronisi is a rocky, over-grazed island.

4.2 Quality and importance

Chrysi is one of the very few sites in Greece where the rare maquis with Juniperus oxycedrus ssp. macrocarpa is found on sand dunes. Also, the mixed forest of J. oxycedrus ssp. macrocarpa and J. phoenicea is not very common in Greece. The sandbeaches laid with small shells constitute one of its extraordinary features. Overall, it is a site with great aesthetic value being designated as special natural beauty site and encompassing a rare combination of ecosystems which form the habitats of several endemic species.OTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES WITH MOTIVATION DPlants: Silene ammophila ssp. ammophila is protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81) and included in the IUCN Red Data List (1993) in the category of threatened plants and in the European Red List of Globally threatened plants characterized as rare.Colchicum coustourieri is protected by the Bern Convention and by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81) and included in the IUCN Red Data List (1993) in the category of threatened plants and in the European Red List of Globally threatened plants characterized as vulnerable.Cynara cornigera is a species with distribution in S. Greece, the Aegean and Cyprus. Periploca angustifolia (=Periploca laevigata ssp. angustifolia) is found only on Chrysi and Gavdos in Greece; in Europe is is found also in Spain, Sicily and Malta, otherwise in N. Africa.Teucrium brevifolium is an S. Aegean species occuring in Anatolia, Egypt and Libya out of Greece.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HF06i
HG02.08i
LF03.01i
MF02.02.02o
LA04i
HF04i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

1) Database CORINE-MEDSPA (2.1., 2.2., 2.4., 4.2.) 2) University of Crete, Laboratory of Terrestrial Ecology. 1993. Prokatarktiki Meleti Diacheirisis tou Fysikou Perivallontos tis nisou Chrysis (Preliminary Study for the Management of the Natural Environment of Chrysi Island). Irakleio, p. 58. (3.1., 3.2.c., 3.2.d., 4.1., 4.2., 4.5., 6.1., 6.2.) 3) Ministry of Environment Physical Planning and Public Works. 1990. (Work Team: A. Legakis et al). Erevnitiko programma. Meleti ton akton tis kritis pou parousiazoun oikologikes diatarahes (Research Programme. Study of the coasts of Kriti that present ecological disturbances). Dept. of Biology. University of Crete, p. 228. (3.1., 4.2.) 4) E.C.E. 1991. European Red List of Globally Threatened Animals and Plants. New York, p. 154 (3.3.) 5) Georghiou K. 1995. Checklist of Endemic, Rare and Threatened Plants of Greece. Draft. University of Athens. (3.3, 3.4, 4.2) 6) Bergmeier Å. & P. Dimopoulos. 2003. The vegetation of islets in the Aegean and the relation between the occurrence of islet specialists, island size and grazing. Phytocoenologia 33 (2-3):447-474.

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code

Cover [%]

Code

Cover [%]

Code

Cover [%]

GR9586.51

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:


designated at national or regional level:

Type code

Site name

Type

Cover [%]

GR95Nisi Chrysi i Gaúdouronisi+86.47

designated at international level:

Type

Site name

Type

Cover [%]

Other Nisi Chrysi i Gaúdouronisi+86.47

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:FOREST DIRECTORATE OF LASITHI, IERAPETRA
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:
Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

Management study for Chrisi

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY