Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type1.2 Site code
BGR4320005

1.3 Site name

OROS THRYPTIS KAI GYRO PERIOCHI
1.4 First Compilation date1.5 Update date
1995-022009-05

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1996-08
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude

25.888333

Latitude

35.075833

2.2 Area [ha]:

2.3 Marine area [%]

8528.56000.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code

Region Name

GR43Kriti

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
3290info      0.00   
5210info      0.00   
5420info      0.00   
5430info      0.00   
8140info      0.00   
8210info      0.00   
8310info      0.00   
92C0info      0.00   
92D0info      0.00   
9320info      0.00   
9540info      0.00   
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
M1324Myotis myotis           
P1685Origanum dictamnus           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
  Anthemis tomentella                   
  Arenaria fragillima                   
  Arenaria guicciardii                   
  Aristolochia cretica                   
  Arum creticum                   
  Avenula cycladum                   
  Barlia robertiana                   
  Campanula hierapetrae                   
  Campanula pelviformis                   
  Cotoneaster nummularia                   
  Crepis tybakiensis                   
  Crocus oreocreticus                   
  Cyclamen creticum                   
  Dianthus fruticosus ssp. sitiacus                   
  Draba cretica                   
  Ebenus cretica                   
  Eryngium amorginum                   
  Erysimum candicum ssp. candicum                   
  Erysimum creticum                   
  Galium samothracicum                   
  Geocaryum creticum                   
  Helichrysum doerfleri                   
  Helichrysum orientale                   
  Hypericum amblycalyx                   
  Inula candida ssp. decalvans                   
  Lactuca acanthifolia                   
  Limodorum abortivum                   
  Meles meles arcalus                   
  Minuartia wettsteinii                   
  Odontites linkii ssp. cretica                   
  Orchis prisca                   
  Phlomis lanata                   
  Ranunculus cupreus                   
  Scutellaria hirta                   
  Scutellaria sieberi                   
  Sedum hierapetrae                   
  Sedum praesidis                   
  Stachys spinosa                   
  Staehelina fruticosa                   
  Tulipa cretica                   
  Tulipa saxatilis                   
  Veronica kavusica                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class

% Cover

N060.01
N0834.39
N1532.65
N160.30
N1725.01
N184.95
N221.77
N230.92

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The site is located between the towns Ierapetra and Sitia at the eastern part of Crete. It includes the coastal area of Tholos and the mountain range of Thrypti with its peaks: Afentis (1476 m), the highest peak, and surrounding it the peaks Kapsa (997 m), W. Papoura (1010 m), Koufoto (912 m), Katalymata (802 m), and E. Papoura (1187 m). The main characteristics of the site are: 1) inland cliffs, chasms, screes, and gorges; Cha gorge is one of the most impressive gorges in Crete; The dolines of the site are of special interest; the wet dolines are characterized by scanty vegetation of annuals common in other places but rare in Crete while the dry dolines are characterized by dense vegetation and, in Afentis Kavousi, by the occurence of Polygonum idaeum, specialized in this type of habitat and confined to Psiloritis and Dikti; 2) dolomites near the top Afentis and limestones at the rest of the site; 3) phrygana, affected by grazing; 4) a pine forest of Pinus brutia with very old trees (the oldest one is about 250 years old). The major part of this forest was burnt 12 years ago; 5) small valleys and plains are formed among the mountain slopes and they are cultivated with vineyards; 6) small valleys with springs and rivers of constantly running water and riparian galleries and thickets, at the southern part of the site; 7) locally restricted building activities and minor roads. NOTES8140 describes Aegean Mediterranean screes of high altitude (tAegean screes of Crete, Corine code 61.415) and screes of low altitude with predominantly annual plants and with some perennials, such as Clematis cirrhosa.

4.2 Quality and importance

The quality and importance of the site "Thrypti" is indicated by the following elements: 1) It is of great aesthetic value, especially its southern slopes; 2) The cave Theriospilios at Tholos area is of great importance because of the presence of both a relatively big colony of the bat Myotis myotis and many endemic invertabrates; 3) The tops of the mountain are very important for the avifauna of Crete, because of the presence of both a relatively big colony of the bat Myotis myotis and many endemic invertebrates; 4) Its flora is rich in common and endemic species which are of great interest as most of them are endemic to the site or to the island. Tle plants Campanula hierapetrae, Helichrysum doerfleri and Minuartia wettseinii are exclusively endemic to Thrypti mountain and Eryngium amorginum is an endemic to the islands of Amorgos and Crete, only to be fould at Thrypti in the later. Its fauna is rich in endemic invertebrates and it also includes two snails, Albinaria sturanyi and Albinaria teres, which are local endemics to the site; 5) the mamals populations are in excellent condition due to both the geomorphology of the site and to the limited human presence and impact; 6) There is a variety of quite well conserved habitats in a relatively small area, which are not very easy to access, in most of the site; 7) The pine forest is one of the few in Crete; however, it has been burnt twice (12 and 2 years ago) without having a chance for sufficient regeneration until now. OTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES WITH MOTIVATION DThe following species are protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81) and are included in the IUCN Red Data List (1993) in the category of threatened plants: Cotoneaster nummularia (vulnerable), Anthemis abrotanifolia (rare)Tulipa saxatilis is protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81).Barlia robertiana, Ophrys sphegodes ssp. cretensis, Orchis anatolica ssp. sitiaca and Limodorum abortivum are protected by the CITES Convention (Annex C). Orchis anatolica ssp. sitiaca, Ophrys sitiaca, Ophrys sphegodes ssp. cretensis Ophrys basilissa are protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81).Arum creticum is a species with distribution in Crete and the East Aegean found only in SW Turkey out of Greece. Helichrysum orientale Iia a species with distribution in Greece and W Turkey. Lactuca acanthifolia (= Scariola acanthifolia) is found in Ydra, Cyclades, East Aegean Islands andonly in SW Turkey out of Greece. Euphorbia dimorphocaulon is a mediterranean species with distribution in Crete S Turkey and Cyprus.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA08i
HA04o
LJ01i
HA04i
MF03.01i
LE01.02i
MA09i
MA05.02o
LJ01o
MA01i
MA07i
MA08o
LF03.02o
MA01o
LF04o
LF04i
MF03.01o
MA09o
LF03.02i
LE01.02o
MA07o
MA05.02i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01o
LE01.02o
MA09i
MA01i
LF03.02i
MA09o
LJ01o
LE01.02i
LJ01i
MA08o
MA08i
LF03.02o

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

1) 3.2.c, 3.3., 4.1., 4.2., 4.3.: 1) CORINE-MEDSPA Database (especially for 4.2., avifauna). 2) Hellenic Zoological Society - Hellenic Ornithological Society. 1992. The red data book of threatened vertebrates of Greece. Athens. 3) Turland N.J., Chilton L., Press J.R. 1993. Flora of the Cretan area. London: HMSO. 4) Sowig, P. 1985. Beitrage zur Kenntnis der Verbeitung und Okologie der Amphibian und Reptilien Kretas. Salamandra 21(4): 252-267. 5) Vardinoyannis K. 1994. Biogeografia ton chersaion malakion sto notio nisiotiko Aigaiako toxo (Biogeography of land snails in the south Aegean island arc). Ph.D. Thesis. Athens University. 6) Filippakis M. 1992. Geniko schedio dasoponikis anaptyksis tou nomou Lasithiou (General pattern of forestry development in the province of Lasithi. General Forest Directorate. 7) Valakos E. Unpublished data. 8) Kypriotakis Z. Unpublished data. 9) Paragkamian K. Unpublished data (3.3., 4.2., endemic invertebrates). 10) Egli B.R. 1991. The special flora, ecological and edaphic conditions of dolines in the mountains of Crete. Bot. Chron. 10:325-335. 11) Georghiou K. 1995. Checklist of Endemic, Rare and Threatened Plants of Greece. Draft. University of Athens. (3.3, 3.4, 4.2) 12) Morgan V & C. Leon. 1992. Datasheets of Flora species for revision of Appendix I of the Bern Convention. Volume IV. endemic taxa of Cyprus, Greece and Turkey Nature and environment. Nature and Envrionment. No 63 p. 106. Council of Europe, Publishing and Documentaion Service, Strasbourg. (3.2.g.)

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code

Cover [%]

Code

Cover [%]

Code

Cover [%]

GR956.07

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:


designated at national or regional level:

Type code

Site name

Type

Cover [%]

GR95Thrypti Dimou Ierapetras*6.07
IN06Ori Thryptis kai Orno-0.00

designated at international level:

Type

Site name

Type

Cover [%]

Other Thrypti Dimou Ierapetras*6.07
Ori Thryptis kai Orno-0.00

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:FOREST DIRECTORATE OF LASITHI, AG. NIKOLAOS
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:
Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

Management of grazing (1998, 1999), tree felling (2005).

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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