Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR4320005

1.3 Site name

OROS THRYPTIS KAI GYRO PERIOCHI

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-02

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1996-08
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:25.888333
Latitude:35.075833

2.2 Area [ha]

8532.3500

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR43Kriti

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1240  info      8.40781  0.00 
1310  info      0.143682  0.00 
1410  info      0.144869  0.00 
1430  info      3.46422  0.00 
3290  info      0.00         
5210  info      165.196  0.00 
5420  info      3244.22  0.00 
5430  info      339.484  0.00 
6220  info  X     6.01333  0.00 
8140  info      72.5013  0.00 
8210  info      87.2052  0.00 
92C0  info      20.3037  0.00 
92D0  info      23.9533  0.00 
9320  info      299.033  0.00 
9540  info      1765.36  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
M1310Miniopterus schreibersii                 
M1307Myotis blythii                 
P1685Origanum dictamnus    10100  20500   
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum                 
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros                 
P1436Zelkova abelicea    adults   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Anthemis tomentella                   
Arenaria fragillima                   
Arenaria guicciardii                   
Aristolochia cretica                   
Arum creticum                   
Avenula cycladum                   
Barlia robertiana                   
Barlia robertiana                   
Campanula hierapetrae                   
Campanula hierapetrae                   
Campanula pelviformis                   
Cotoneaster nummularia                   
Crepis tybakiensis                   
Crocus oreocreticus                   
Cyclamen creticum                   
Dianthus fruticosus ssp. sitiacus                   
Draba cretica                   
Ebenus cretica                   
Eryngium amorginum                   
Erysimum candicum ssp. candicum                   
Erysimum creticum                   
Galium samothracicum                   
Geocaryum creticum                   
Geocaryum creticum                   
Helichrysum doerfleri                   
Helichrysum doerfleri                   
Helichrysum orientale                   
Hypericum amblycalyx                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
Inula candida ssp. decalvans                   
Lactuca acanthifolia                   
Limodorum abortivum                   
Minuartia wettsteinii                   
Minuartia wettsteinii                   
5004Myotis aurascens                   
5004Myotis aurascens                   
5004Myotis aurascens                   
Odontites linkii ssp. cretica                   
Orchis prisca                   
Orchis prisca                   
Phlomis lanata                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
Ranunculus cupreus                   
Scutellaria hirta                   
Scutellaria sieberi                   
Sedum hierapetrae                   
Sedum praesidis                   
Stachys spinosa                   
Staehelina fruticosa                   
1333Tadarida teniotis    10  500             
1333Tadarida teniotis    10  500             
1333Tadarida teniotis    10  500             
Tulipa cretica                   
Tulipa saxatilis                   
Veronica kavusica                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N060.01
N0834.39
N1532.65
N160.30
N1725.01
N184.95
N221.77
N230.92

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The site is located between the towns Ierapetra and Sitia at the eastern part of Crete. It includes the coastal area of Tholos and the mountain range of Thrypti with its peaks: Afentis (1476 m), the highest peak, and surrounding it the peaks Kapsa (997 m), W. Papoura (1010 m), Koufoto (912 m), Katalymata (802 m), and E. Papoura (1187 m). The main characteristics of the site are: 1) inland cliffs, chasms, screes, and gorges; Cha gorge is one of the most impressive gorges in Crete; The dolines of the site are of special interest; the wet dolines are characterized by scanty vegetation of annuals common in other places but rare in Crete while the dry dolines are characterized by dense vegetation and, in Afentis Kavousi, by the occurence of Polygonum idaeum, specialized in this type of habitat and confined to Psiloritis and Dikti; 2) dolomites near the top Afentis and limestones at the rest of the site; 3) phrygana, affected by grazing; 4) a pine forest of Pinus brutia with very old trees (the oldest one is about 250 years old). The major part of this forest was burnt 12 years ago; 5) small valleys and plains are formed among the mountain slopes and they are cultivated with vineyards; 6) small valleys with springs and rivers of constantly running water and riparian galleries and thickets, at the southern part of the site; 7) locally restricted building activities and minor roads. NOTES8140 describes Aegean Mediterranean screes of high altitude (Aegean screes of Crete, Corine code 61.415) and screes of low altitude with predominantly annual plants and with some perennials, such as Clematis cirrhosa.

4.2 Quality and importance

The quality and the importance of the site "Thrypti" is indicated by the following elements: 1) It is of great aesthetic value, especially its southern slopes; 2) Its flora is rich in common and endemic species which are of great interest as most of them are endemic to the site or to the island. 3) The plant Helichrysum doerfleri is exclusively endemic to Thrypti mountain and Eryngium amorginum is an endemic to the islands of Amorgos and Crete, only to be found at Thrypti in the later. 4) The mammals populations are in excellent condition due to both the geomorphology of the site and to the limited human presence and impact; 5) There is a variety of quite well conserved habitats in a relatively small area, which are not very easy to access, in most of the site; 6) The pine forest is one of the few in Crete; however, it has been burnt twice (12 and 2 years ago) without having a chance for sufficient regeneration until now. OTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES WITH MOTIVATION D the following species are protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81) and are included in the IUCN Red Data List (1993) in the category of threatened plants: Cotoneaster nummularia (vulnerable), Tulipa saxatilis is protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81). Arum creticum is a species with distribution in Crete and the East Aegean found only in SW Turkey out of Greece. Helichrysum orientale is a species with distribution in Greece and W Turkey. Lactuca acanthifolia (= Scariola acanthifolia) is found in Ydra, Cyclades, East Aegean Islands and only in SW Turkey out of Greece.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01i
MA01o
HA04o
HA04i
MA05.02o
MA05.02i
MA07o
MA07i
MA08i
MA08o
MA09i
MA09o
HC03.03I
MD03.03b
LE01.02i
LE01.02o
ME01.03b
MF02.01.02b
MF02.03.03b
MF03.01i
MF03.01o
LF03.02o
LF03.02i
MF03.02.05b
LF04i
MF05.01b
MF05.05b
MG01.01.01b
MG01.04.03b
MH01b
MH03.01b
LJ01i
LJ01o
ML05b
HL09I
MM01.07b
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01i
MA01o
MA08i
MA08o
MA09i
MA09o
LE01.02o
LE01.02i
LF03.02o
LF03.02i
LJ01i
LJ01o
LUb

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR956.07

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Thrypti Dimou Ierapetras*6.07

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Thrypti Dimou Ierapetras*6.07

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:FOREST DIRECTORATE OF LASITHI
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY