Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR4320008

1.3 Site name

NISOS KOUFONISI KAI PARAKTIA THALASSIA ZONI

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-04

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1997-04
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:26.140000
Latitude:34.935556

2.2 Area [ha]

839.4700

2.3 Marine area [%]

45.1300

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR43Kriti

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1170  info      0.00   
1210  info      1.06082  0.00 
1240  info      25.2554  0.00 
1310  info      0.18391  0.00 
1430  info      0.458413  0.00 
2110  info      13.5826  0.00 
2230  info      0.967977  0.00 
2260  info      32.1368  0.00 
5420  info      340.774  0.00 
6220  info  X     6.40165  0.00 
9320  info      0.572406  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Cistanche phelypaea                   
1835Colchicum cousturieri                   
1835Colchicum cousturieri                   
1835Colchicum cousturieri                   
Cynara cornigera                   
Fagonia cretica                   
Helianthemum stipulatum                   
Lygeum spartum                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
Zygophyllum album                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0147.99
N044.18
N051.61
N0839.94
N093.75
N222.53

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The site includes the island Koufonisi and the small islets on its north (Strongyli, Makrouli and Marmaros) and on its south (Trachilos). Koufonisi is a small island, one of the southernmost european islands, together with Chrysi and Gavdos. Being at the south-easternmost part of Crete it has a dry and hot climate. This fact is evident in the persisting North African desert-like floristic element and in the steppe vegetation observed with the typical presence of the perennial esparto grass, Lygeum spartum, as well as of Erodium crassifolium. This vegetation type is on gypsum substrate. There are both sandy and rocky beaches. The marine part of the site is very representative and well conserved and comprises sea caves, reefs, and Posidonia beds.There are no permanent inhabitants on the island. In summer, vacationers visit the island, but tourism activities are not intense.

4.2 Quality and importance

The quality of this site has many aspects, related with its geographical location and excellent conservation status of the habitats. From the botanical view, both the flora and vegetation are interesting, as they are characterized by the persisting North African element which may have been depleted from the mainland of Crete. There are endemic plants and also plants at the margins of their northern distribution, such as Zygophyllum album and Helianthemum stipulatum, which have in these islands their only known populations in the area of Crete or of Greece. The marine habitats are very important. Besides, the monk seal also uses the island. Finally, the site combines the biological with the archaeological importance. There is an ancient theatre and archaeological value of the island is considered great, though not fully apprehended yet. OTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES WITH MOTIVATION D Plants: Colchicum cousturieri is an endemic of eastern Crete, protected by the Bern Convention and by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81). It is included in the IUCN Red List of threatened species (1993, Greece; 1988 Europe; and 1993, World) with the characterization «Vulnerable» and also included in Annex IV of the Directive 92/43/EEC. Helianthemum stipulatum is protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81). They are also included in the IUCN Red List of threatened species (1993, Greece; 1988 Europe) with the characterization «Vulnerable», «Indeterminate» and «Rare» respectively (their World status is unknown). H. stipulatum is also included in the Corine checklist of threatened plants. Zygophyllum album is protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81) and it is included in the IUCN Red List of threatened species (1993, Greece; 1988 Europe) with the characterization «Vulnerable», in Greece. The species Zygophyllum album, Cistanche phelypaea are near the northern limits of their distribution; the first two occur only in the Iberian peninsula in Europe and the latter one only in E. Crete. Lygeum spartum belongs to the desert-like floristic element, occurring only in steppe communities in Crete in Greece (it occurs at similar habitats in Spain, Sardinia, Sicily, Italy in Europe); it is one of the very rare grasses in Greece (Damanakis & Scholz, 1990). Distribution in Europe: at similar habitats. Cynara cornigera is an east-Mediterranean species, with interesting distribution in the Aegean area, occurring in Southern Greece, in Crete and in the Aegean and out of Greece only in Cyprus; the site is one of only 100 or less sites this species occurs in the EC. Fagonia cretica is an east mediterranean region endemic.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MD03.03b
ME01.03b
MF02.01.02b
LF02.03o
LF02.03i
MF02.03.03b
MF03.02.05b
MF05.01b
MF05.05b
MG01.01.01b
LG01.02i
MG01.04.03b
MH01b
MH03.01b
ML05b
MM01.07b
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR9551.91

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Nisi Koufonisi*51.91

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Nisi Koufonisi*51.91

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:1. FOREST DIRECTORATE OF LASITHI, 2. ARCHAEOLOGICAL SERVICE OF LASITHI
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY