Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR4320008

1.3 Site name

NISOS KOUFONISI KAI PARAKTIA THALASSIA ZONI

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-04

1.5 Update date

2009-05

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1997-04
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:26.140000
Latitude:34.935556

2.2 Area [ha]

804.9400

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR43Kriti

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1120  info      0.00   
1170  info      0.00   
1210  info      0.00   
1240  info      0.00   
1430  info      0.00   
2110  info      0.00   
2260  info      0.00   
5420  info      0.00   
6220  info      0.00   
8310  info      0.00   
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
M1366Monachus monachus           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Cistanche phelypaea                   
1835Colchicum cousturieri                   
Cynara cornigera                   
Fagonia cretica                   
Helianthemum stipulatum                   
Lygeum spartum                   
Zygophyllum album                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0147.99
N044.18
N051.61
N0839.94
N093.75
N222.53

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The site includes the island Koufonisi and the small islets on its north (Strongyli, Makrouli and Marmaros) and on its south (Trachilos). Koufonisi is a small island, one of the southernmost european islands, together with Chrysi and Gavdos. Being at the south-easternmost part of Crete it has a dry and hot climate. This fact is evident in the persisting North African desert-like floristic element and in the steppe vegetation observed with the typical presence of the perennial esparto grass, Lygeum spartum, as well as of Erodium crassifolium. This vegetation type is on gypsum substrate. There are both sandy and rocky beaches. The marine part of the site is very representative and well conserved and comprises sea caves, reefs, and Posidonia beds.There are no permanent inhabitants on the island. In summer, vacationers visit the island, but tourism activities are not intense.

4.2 Quality and importance

The quality of this site has many aspects, related with is geographical location and excellent conservation status of the habitats.From the botanical view, both the flora and vegetation are interesting, as they are characterized by the persisting North African element which may have been depleted from the mainland of Crete. There are endemic plants and also plants at the margins of their northern distribution, such as Zygophyllum album, Helianthemum stipulatum and Astragalus peregrinus ssp. peregrinous, which have in these islands their only known populations in the area of Crete or of Greece.From ornithological view, two important birds Falco eleonorae and Calonectris diomedea nest there.The marine habitats are very important. Besides, the monk seal also uses the island.Finally, the site combines the biological with the arcaeological importance. There is an ancient theatre and archaeological value of the island is considered great, though not fully apprehended yet.OTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES WITH MOTIVATION DPlants: Colchicum cousturieri is an endemic of eastern Crete, protected by the Bern Convenion and by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81). It is included in the IUCN Red List of threatened species (1993, Greece; 1988 Europe; and 1993, World) with the characterization «Vulnerable» and also included in Annex IV of the Directive 92/43/EEC.Helianthemum stipulatum, Astragalus peregrinus ssp. peregrinus and Erodium crassifolium are protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81). They are also included in the IUCN Red List of threatened species (1993, Greece; 1988 Europe) with the characterization «Vulnerable», «Indeterminate» and «Rare» respectively (their World status is unknown). H. stipulatum is also included in the Corine checklist of threatened plants.Silene succulenta ssp. succulenta is protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81) and it is included in the IUCN Red List of threatened species (1993, Greece; 1988 Europe) with the characterization «Vulnerable», in Greece.Zygophyllum album is protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81) and it is included in the IUCN Red List of threatened species (1993, Greece; 1988 Europe) with the characterization «Vulnerable», in Greece.The species Zygophyllum album, Cistanche phelypaea and Erodium crassifolium are near the northern limits of their distribution; the first two occur only in the Iberian peninsula in Europe and the latter on only in E. Crete.Lygeum spartum belongs to the desert-like floristic element, occurring only in steppe communities in Kriti in Greece (it occurs at similar habitats in Spain, Sardinia, Sicily, Italy in Europe); it is one of the very rare grasses in Greece (Damanakis & Scholz, 1990). Distribution in Europe: at similar habitats.Cynara cornigera is an east-mediterranean species, with interesting distribution in the Aegean area, occurring in Southern Greece, in Crete and in the Aegean and out of Greece only in Cyprus; the site is one of only 100 or less sites this species occurs in the EC. Fagonia cretica is an east mediterranean region endemic.Reptiles: Cyrtodactylus kotschyi and Telescopus fallax, are protected by the Bern convention (appendix II) and by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81).

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LF02.03o
LG01.02i
LF02.03i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LG01.02i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

1) 3.1, 3.2.c., 3.3, 4.2, 4.3, 4.4, 5.3 1) CORINE Information System. European Environment Agency. CORINE, Biotopes, 1991. 3.3 2) Ministry of Environment Physical Planning and Public Works. 1990. (Work Team: A. Legakis et al). Erevnitiko programma. Meleti ton akton tis kritis pou parousiazoun oikologikes diatarahes (Research Programme. Study of the coasts of Kriti that present ecological disturbances). Dept. of Biology. University of Crete, p. 228. 4.1., 4.2. 3) Turland N.L., Chilton & J. Press. 1993. Flora of the Cretan area. Annotated checklist & atlas. Natural History Museum, London, p.439. 4) Damanakis M. & H. Scholz. 1990. Phytogeographical notes on the Poaceae of Greece. Willdenowia 19:413-423. 5) Georghiou K. 1995. Checklist of Endemic, Rare and Threatened Plants of Greece. Draft. University of Athens. (3.3, 3.4, 4.2) 6) Ministry of Environment, Physical Planning and Public Works, Special Environmental Study, NW Crete, (under evaluatinon) 7) Bergmeier Å. & P. Dimopoulos. 2003. The vegetation of islets in the Aegean and the relation between the occurrence of islet specialists, island size and grazing. Phytocoenologia 33 (2-3):447-474.

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR9551.91

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Nisi Koufonisi+51.93

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Nisi Koufonisi+51.93

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:FOREST DIRECTORATE OF LASITHI (SITEIA), ARCHAEOLOGICAL SERVICE
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

Management of tree felling.

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY