Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

GR4320009

1.3 Site name

VOREIOANATOLIKO AKRO KRITIS

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-05

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:1987-10
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:26.247500
Latitude:35.258056

2.2 Area [ha]

3714.3200

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR43Kriti

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA168Actitis hypoleucos           
BA229Alcedo atthis           
BA255Anthus campestris    450  500  i/sq.km     
BA228Apus (Tachymarptis) melba    10  10     
BA226Apus apus    250  300  i/sq.km     
BA226Apus apus    10  10     
BA091Aquila chrysaetos       
BA089Aquila pomarina           
BA634Ardea purpurea purpurea           
BA635Ardeola ralloides ralloides           
BA087Buteo buteo       
BA403Buteo rufinus           
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla           
BA672Calidris alpina alpina           
BA147Calidris ferruginea           
BA145Calidris minuta           
BA146Calidris temminckii           
BA010Calonectris diomedea    900  1000     
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus           
BA682Charadrius alexandrinus alexandrinus           
BA137Charadrius hiaticula           
BA734Chlidonias hybrida           
BA198Chlidonias leucopterus           
BA080Circaetus gallicus       
BA081Circus aeruginosus       
BA082Circus cyaneus       
BA084Circus pygargus       
BA113Coturnix coturnix           
BA122Crex crex           
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)           
BA697Egretta garzetta garzetta           
BA379Emberiza hortulana           
BA100Falco eleonorae    40  60     
BA100Falco eleonorae    750  750     
BA095Falco naumanni           
BA709Falco peregrinus brookei       
BA153Gallinago gallinago           
BA707Hieraaetus fasciatus (Aquila fasciata)           
BA092Hieraaetus pennatus (Aquila pennata)           
BA251Hirundo rustica           
BA695Hydrobates pelagicus melitensis           
BA617Ixobrychus minutus minutus           
BA233Jynx torquilla           
BA338Lanius collurio           
BA339Lanius minor           
BA179Larus (Chroicocephalus) ridibundus           
BA177Larus (Hydrocoloeus) minutus           
BA181Larus audouinii    12     
BA176Larus melanocephalus           
BA176Larus melanocephalus           
BA246Lullula arborea    40  40  i/sq.km     
BA246Lullula arborea    20  25  i/sq.km     
BA230Merops apiaster           
BA073Milvus migrans       
BA260Motacilla flava    40  50     
BA768Numenius arquata arquata           
BA610Nycticorax nycticorax nycticorax           
BA337Oriolus oriolus           
BA771Passer hispaniolensis    50  60       
BA072Pernis apivorus           
BA392Phalacrocorax aristotelis desmarestii       
BA151Philomachus pugnax           
BA607Platalea leucorodia leucorodia           
BA700Plegadis falcinellus falcinellus           
BA692Podiceps nigricollis nigricollis           
BA719Porzana parva           
BA119Porzana porzana           
BA464Puffinus yelkouan           
BA464Puffinus yelkouan    10  10     
BA249Riparia riparia           
BA631Sterna (Sternula) albifrons albifrons           
BA193Sterna hirundo           
BA210Streptopelia turtur           
BA210Streptopelia turtur           
BA161Tringa erythropus           
BA166Tringa glareola           
BA163Tringa stagnatilis           
BA162Tringa totanus           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
A726Charadrius dubius curonicus                   
A726Charadrius dubius curonicus                   
A726Charadrius dubius curonicus                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus    100  200  i/sq.km             
A687Columba palumbus palumbus    100  200  i/sq.km             
A641Larus fuscus intermedius                   
A641Larus fuscus intermedius                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N010.01
N0816.32
N0970.41
N214.08
N239.18

Total Habitat Cover

100.00000000000001

Other Site Characteristics

The site comprises the Sideros peninsula, the palm forest of Vai, the coastal wetlands of Palekastro and islets of Elasa and Grantes, at the northeastern edge of Crete. The aesthetic forest of Vai is situated at the easternmost part of Crete; it is a wet, coastal forest and the largest palm forest in Crete. The Vai forest, which is under the management of the Ministry of Rural Development and Food, is fenced and it is visited by tourists.Inside the forest there is a spring with very low water supply and a stream. The palm is accompanied by an understorey of Nerium oleander along the watercourses. Towards the beach the palm is accompanied by very thin vegetation forming a small dune where the palm finds ideal growth conditions while inside the valley and mainly at the lowest places where the water level is higher there is a cover of Juncus sp. and Equisetum hiemalie where the palm is absent. At the edges of the valley there is a drier environment with phryganic vegetation (Coridothymus capitatus, Genista acanthoclada etc.) where the palm is at the limits of its ecological resistance. Natural regeneration of the palm trees (by seeds) is easy and abundant. Vegetative propagation is also easy.

4.2 Quality and importance

The Vai palm forest is of unique importance for Europe. Phoenix theophrastii is one of the only two palms native in Europe (the other is at Canarian islands and very rare) and occurs outside Crete only locally in south-western Turkey. P. theophrastii might be a relict of the Tertiary European Phoenix which has persisted in some places with a favorite climate and where human activity has been low. The palm occurs at other ten localities in Crete but always at small populations (maybe of only few individuals); the Vai forest is by far the largest palm grove in Crete and possibly in Europe.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01o
HA04o
HB02.03i
HC03.03b
HG05o
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01o
HG05o

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR120.46
GR952.55
IN040.46

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Pla? Marazaki Dimou Itanou*0.17
GR95Va? Dimou Itanou*2.38
GR12Foinikodasos Vai Lasithiou*0.46

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Pla? Marazaki Dimou Itanou*0.17
Va? Dimou Itanou*2.38
Foinikodasos Vai Lasithiou*0.46

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY