Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

Back to top

1.1 Type1.2 Site code
AGR4320009

1.3 Site name

VOREIOANATOLIKO AKRO KRITIS
1.4 First Compilation date1.5 Update date
1995-052009-05

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:1987-10
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/1-9-2012 (OJ 1495 B)

2. SITE LOCATION

Back to top

2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude

26.247500

Latitude

35.258056

2.2 Area [ha]:

2.3 Marine area [%]

3760.36000.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code

Region Name

GR43Kriti

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Back to top

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA298Acrocephalus arundinaceus           
BA294Acrocephalus paludicola           
BA296Acrocephalus palustris           
BA295Acrocephalus schoenobaenus           
BA168Actitis hypoleucos           
BA229Alcedo atthis           
BA255Anthus campestris           
BA256Anthus trivialis           
BA226Apus apus    10  10     
BA228Apus melba    10  10     
BA227Apus pallidus       
BA091Aquila chrysaetos           
BA089Aquila pomarina           
BA029Ardea purpurea           
BA024Ardeola raloides           
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla           
BA149Calidris alpina           
BA147Calidris ferruginea           
BA145Calidris minuta           
BA146Calidris temminckii           
BA010Calonectris diomedea    900  1000     
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus           
BA138Charadrius alexandrinus           
BA136Charadrius dubius           
BA137Charadrius hiaticula           
BA196Chlidonias hybridus           
BA198Chlidonias leucopterus           
BA081Circus aeruginosus           
BA084Circus pygargus           
BA113Coturnix coturnix           
BA122Crex crex           
BA212Cuculus canorus           
BA026Egretta garzetta           
BA379Emberiza hortulana           
BA382Emberiza melanocephala           
BA100Falco eleonorae    750  750     
BA100Falco eleonorae    40  60     
BA095Falco naumanni           
BA095Falco naumanni           
BA103Falco peregrinus       
BA099Falco subbuteo           
BA153Gallinago gallinago           
BA154Gallinago media           
BA093Hieraaetus fasciatus           
BA092Hieraaetus pennatus           
BA299Hippolais icterina           
BA251Hirundo rustica           
BA014Hydrobates pelagicus           
BA022Ixobrychus minutus           
BA233Jynx torquilla           
BA338Lanius collurio           
BA339Lanius minor           
BA341Lanius senator           
BA181Larus audouinii       
BA177Larus minutus           
BA179Larus ridibundus           
BA291Locustella fluviatilis           
BA290Locustella naevia           
BA270Luscinia luscinia           
BA271Luscinia megarhynchos           
BA230Merops apiaster           
BA073Milvus migrans           
BA261Motacilla cinerea           
BA260Motacilla flava           
BA160Numenius arquata           
BA023Nycticorax nycticorax           
BA278Oenanthe hispanica           
BA278Oenanthe hispanica           
BA277Oenanthe oenanthe           
BA337Oriolus oriolus           
BA214Otus scops           
BA214Otus scops           
BA355Passer hispaniolensis           
BA072Pernis apivorus           
BA392Phalacrocorax aristotelis desmarestii       
BA151Philomachus pugnax           
BA274Phoenicurus phoenicurus           
P1896Phoenix theophrasti           
BA313Phylloscopus bonelli           
BA315Phylloscopus collybita           
BA314Phylloscopus sibilatrix           
BA316Phylloscopus trochilus           
BA034Platalea leucorodia           
BA032Plegadis falcinellus           
BA032Plegadis falcinellus           
BA120Porzana parva           
BA119Porzana porzana           
BA250Ptyonoprogne rupestris           
BA013Puffinus puffinus (yelkouan)           
BA013Puffinus puffinus (yelkouan)    10  10     
BA249Riparia riparia           
BA275Saxicola rubetra           
BA195Sterna albifrons           
BA193Sterna hirundo           
BA210Streptopelia turtur           
BA210Streptopelia turtur           
BA304Sylvia cantillans           
BA306Sylvia hortensis           
BA161Tringa erythropus           
BA166Tringa glareola           
BA163Tringa stagnatilis           
BA162Tringa totanus           
BA232Upupa epops           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
1235  Chamaeleo chamaeleon                   
1235  Chamaeleo chamaeleon                   
  Coluber gemonensis                   
  Coluber gemonensis                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

Back to top

4.1 General site character

Habitat class

% Cover

N010.01
N0816.32
N0970.41
N214.08
N239.18

Total Habitat Cover

100.00000000000001

Other Site Characteristics

The site comprises the Sideros peninsula, the palm forest of Vai, the coastal wetlands of Palekastro and islets of Elasa and Grantes, at the northeastern edge of Crete. The aesthetic forest of Vai is situated at the easternmost part of Crete; it is a wet, coastal forest and the largest palm forest in Crete. The Vai forest, which is under the management of the Ministry of Rural Development and Food, is fenced and it is visited by tourists.Inside the forest there is a spring with very low water supply and a stream. The palm is accompanied by an understorey of Nerium oleander along the watercourses. Towards the beach the palm is accompanied by very thin vegetation forming a small dune where the palm finds ideal growth conditions while inside the valley and mainly at the lowest places where the water level is higher there is a cover of Juncus sp. and Equisetum hiemalie where the palm is absent. At the edges of the valley there is a drier environment with phryganic vegetation (Coridothymus capitatus, Genista acanthoclada etc.) where the palm is at the limits of its ecological resistance. Natural regeneration of the palm trees (by seeds) is easy and abundant. Vegetative propagation is also easy.

4.2 Quality and importance

The Vai palm forest is of unique importance for Europe. Phoenix theophrastii is one of the only two palms native in Europe (the other is at Canarian islands and very rare) and occurs outside Crete only locally in south-western Turkey. P. theophrastii might be a relict of the Tertiary European Phoenix which has persisted in some places with a favourite climate and where human activity has been low.The palm occurs at about another ten localities in Crete but always at small populations (maybe of only few individuals); the Vai forest is by far the largest palm grove in Crete and possibly in Europe.OTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES WITH MOTIVATION DRana ridibunda is protected by the Bern Convention (1992) and included in Annex V of the Directive 92/43/EEC. Chamaeleo chamaeleon is protected by the Bern Convention (1992) and by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81) and included in the National Red Data Book (rare) and also in Annex V of the Directive 92/43/EEC. Coluber gemonensis is protected by the Bern Convention (1992) and by the Greek Law. This is an important site for species associated with coastal cliffs and scrub and passage migrants. Species of concern include Falco naumanni, Falco eleonorae and Larus audouinii.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HB02.03i
HG05o
HA04o
MA01o
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HG05o
MA01o

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Heath, M. F. and Evans, M. I., eds. 2000. Important Bird Areas in Europe: Priority sites for conservation. 2: Southern Europe. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International. BirdLife Conservation Series No. 8, p. 791.

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

Back to top

5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code

Cover [%]

Code

Cover [%]

Code

Cover [%]

GR120.46GR952.55IN040.46

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:


designated at national or regional level:

Type code

Site name

Type

Cover [%]

GR95Vaú Dimou Itanou+2.37
IN06Voreianatoliko Akro Kritis-100.00
GR95Plaú Marazaki Dimou Itanou*0.16
GR12Foinikodasos Vaú Lasithiou+0.45
IN04Aisthitiko Dasos Vai+0.45

designated at international level:

Type

Site name

Type

Cover [%]

Other Vaú Dimou Itanou+2.37
Voreianatoliko Akro Kritis-100.00
Plaú Marazaki Dimou Itanou*0.16
Foinikodasos Vaú Lasithiou+0.45
Aisthitiko Dasos Vai+0.45

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

Back to top

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:
Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

Back to top No data

SITE DISPLAY