Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type1.2 Site code
AGR4320011

1.3 Site name

DIONYSADES NISOI
1.4 First Compilation date1.5 Update date
1997-022009-05

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:1997-02
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/1-9-2012 (OJ 1495 B)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude

26.175556

Latitude

35.345833

2.2 Area [ha]:

2.3 Marine area [%]

532.22000.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code

Region Name

GR43Kriti

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA086Accipiter nisus               
BA298Acrocephalus arundinaceus               
BA294Acrocephalus paludicola           
BA296Acrocephalus palustris               
BA295Acrocephalus schoenobaenus               
BA297Acrocephalus scirpaceus               
BA168Actitis hypoleucos               
BA229Alcedo atthis           
BA052Anas crecca               
BA255Anthus campestris           
BA258Anthus cervinus               
BA257Anthus pratensis               
BA259Anthus spinoletta               
BA256Anthus trivialis               
BA226Apus apus               
BA228Apus melba               
BA227Apus pallidus               
BA028Ardea cinerea               
BA169Arenaria interpres               
BA087Buteo buteo               
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla           
BA149Calidris alpina               
BA147Calidris ferruginea               
BA145Calidris minuta               
BA146Calidris temminckii               
BA010Calonectris diomedea    100  100     
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus           
BA366Carduelis cannabina               
BA364Carduelis carduelis               
BA365Carduelis spinus               
BA138Charadrius alexandrinus               
BA136Charadrius dubius               
BA137Charadrius hiaticula               
BA198Chlidonias leucopterus               
BA113Coturnix coturnix               
BA212Cuculus canorus               
BA253Delichon urbica               
BA026Egretta garzetta           
BA379Emberiza hortulana           
BA382Emberiza melanocephala               
BA269Erithacus rubecula               
BA100Falco eleonorae       
BA103Falco peregrinus       
BA099Falco subbuteo               
BA322Ficedula hypoleuca               
BA359Fringilla coelebs               
BA360Fringilla montifringilla               
BA153Gallinago gallinago               
BA299Hippolais icterina               
BA438Hippolais pallida               
BA252Hirundo daurica               
BA251Hirundo rustica               
BA022Ixobrychus minutus           
BA233Jynx torquilla               
BA338Lanius collurio           
BA339Lanius minor           
BA341Lanius senator               
BA181Larus audouinii           
BA181Larus audouinii       
BA177Larus minutus               
BA291Locustella fluviatilis               
BA292Locustella luscinioides               
BA270Luscinia luscinia               
BA271Luscinia megarhynchos               
BA230Merops apiaster               
BA383Miliaria calandra               
M1366Monachus monachus       
BA280Monticola saxatilis               
BA262Motacilla alba               
BA260Motacilla flava               
BA319Muscicapa striata               
BA160Numenius arquata                     
BA278Oenanthe hispanica               
BA277Oenanthe oenanthe               
BA337Oriolus oriolus               
BA214Otus scops               
BA392Phalacrocorax aristotelis desmarestii           
BA273Phoenicurus ochruros               
BA274Phoenicurus phoenicurus               
P1896Phoenix theophrasti           
BA315Phylloscopus collybita               
BA314Phylloscopus sibilatrix               
BA266Prunella modularis               
BA118Rallus aquaticus               
BA249Riparia riparia               
BA275Saxicola rubetra               
BA276Saxicola torquata               
P1459Silene holzmannii           
BA210Streptopelia turtur               
BA351Sturnus vulgaris               
BA311Sylvia atricapilla               
BA310Sylvia borin               
BA304Sylvia cantillans               
BA309Sylvia communis               
BA308Sylvia curruca               
BA161Tringa erythropus               
BA165Tringa ochropus               
BA163Tringa stagnatilis               
BA162Tringa totanus               
BA283Turdus merula               
BA285Turdus philomelos               
M1349Tursiops truncatus                 
BA232Upupa epops               
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
  Allium longanum                   
  Allium rubrovittatum                   
  Anacamptis pyramidalis                   
  Anthemis ammanthus ssp. ammanthus                   
  Anthemis ammanthus ssp. paleacea                   
  Anthemis filicaulis                   
  Arenaria aegaea                   
  Asperula crassula                   
  Asperula rigida                   
  Atriplex recurva                   
  Campanula creutzburgii                   
  Campanula pelviformis                   
  Carlina diae                   
  Centaurea aegialophila                   
  Centaurea idaea                   
  Chloris chloris                       
  Cistanche phelypaea                   
  Coluber gemonensis                   
  Crepis tybakiensis                   
  Crocus tournefortii                   
  Cyclamen creticum                   
  Cymbalaria microcalyx ssp. dodekanesi                   
  Cynara cornigera                   
  Cyrtodactylus kotschyi                   
  Dianthus fruticosus ssp. amorginus                   
  Ebenus cretica                   
  Fibigia lunarioides                   
  Filago aegaea ssp. aristata                   
  Hemidactylus turcicus                   
  Hypericum amblycalyx                   
1251  Lacerta trilineata                   
  Limonium frederici                   
  Lygeum spartum                   
  Nepeta melissifolia                   
  Onosma graeca                   
  Ophrys fusca                   
  Phlomis lanata                   
1311  Pipistrellus savii                   
1238  Podarcis erhardii                   
  Puffinus puffinus yelkouan                       
  Ricotia cretica                   
  Salsola aegaea                   
  Scutellaria sieberi                   
  Serratula cichoracea ssp. cretica                   
  Seseli gummiferum ssp. crithmifolium                   
  Silene fabaria                   
  Stachys spinosa                   
1289  Telescopus fallax                   
  Teucrium alpestre                   
  Teucrium brevifolium                   
  Trigonella rechingeri                   
  Tulipa cretica                   
  Tulipa saxatilis                   
  Valeriana asarifolia                   
  Viola scorpiuroides                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class

% Cover

Total Habitat Cover

0

Other Site Characteristics

The Dionisades islets and Elasa islet are uninhibited. The Dyonisades islets group consists of Permian limestone while Elasa islet consists of dolomites and limestones of upper Cretaceous. The vegetation on the islets is phrygana. Near the sea there are halophilous plants. In the larger islet of Dyonisades group as well as on the opposite coast of Crete the coastline is characterized by sea cliffs.

4.2 Quality and importance

Most of the plants which are listed in 3.3 are endemic. Some are strict endemics (Anthemis filicaulis, Carlina diae), some are endemics of the site (Campanula pelviformis, Campanula spatulata ssp. filicaulis, Asperula crassula), some are endemic of Crete and its satellite islets (Serratula cichoracea, Campanula creutzburgii, Asperula rigida, Muscari speitzenhoferi, Tulipa cretica, Teucrium alpestre, Hypericum amblycallyx, Ebenus cretica) some are endemics of the south Aegean islands and/or Cyclades and/or Dodekanese (Atriplex recurva, Carlina sitiensis, Centaurea raphanina ssp. raphanina, Crepis cretica, Crepis tybakiensis, Teucrium gracile, Limonium sitiacum, Limonium frederici, Cyclamen creticum, Allium rubrovittatum, Muscari dionysicum, Nepeta melissifolia, Stachys mucronata, Filago aegaea sp. aegaea, Dianthus fruticosus ssp. amorginus, Salsola aegaea, Salsola carpathia, Arenaria aegaea (=Arenaria serpyllifolia ssp. aegaea), Asperula tournefortii , Nigella doerfleri, Anthemis ammanthus (with two subspecies in the area) or of Greece (Cymbalaria microcalyx ssp. dodekanesi with a rare endemic subspecies in the area, Ornithogallum creticum, Melica rectiflora, Symphytum creticum).There are some plants that their presence in the area is the only (or one of the few) european presence of the species. The species Cistanche phelypea is a plant of the African deserts but it is rarely found in the site’s area; in Crete it is near the northern limits of its distribution and otherwise it occurs only in the Iberian peninsula in Europe. Allium longanum (rare in Greece and vulnerable in the world according to IUCN, 1993) is found in very few south Aegean islands and islets and also in Libya and Egypt. Also the African species Viola scorpiuroides is found in Crete and in Libya. The species Onosma graeca is generally found in NW Anatolia, out of Greece. Galium canum ssp. ovatum Cretan area East Aegean Islands & Turkey. Filago aegaea ssp. aristata is a plant with distribution in S & E Aegean, Ionian Islands, Kriti and Cyprus. Cynara cornigera is a species with distribution in S. Greece, the Aegean and Cyprus. Silene fabaria is an Aegean region endemic (occurring only in W Anatolia out of Greece). Teucrium brevifolium is found in Anatolia, Egypt and Libya out of Greece. Brassica cretica ssp. aegaea is a chasmophyte with distribution in Greece, SW Anatolia, Mt Carmel. Didesmus aegyptius is an east mediterranean element, islet specialist. Euphorbia dimorphocaulon is a mediterranean species with distribution in Crete S Turkey and Cyprus.Most of the plants can be characterised as rare, some species are considered vulnerable, while relatively few species are common. Parietaria cretica is a species with distribution in Sicily, Greece and the Aegean region. Polygala venulosa is a species with distribution in S Greece, the Aegean, Anatolia and Cyprus.The following species are protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81) and are included in the IUCN Red Data List (1993) in the category of threatened plants and in the European Red List of Globally Threatened Plants characterized as «rare»: Anthemis filicaulis, Asperula tournefortii, Campanula creutzburgii, Carlina sitiensis, Crepis tybakiensis, Dianthus fruticosus ssp. amorginus, Hypericum amblycalyx, Limonium frederici, Muscari dionysicum, Nigella fumariifolia, Salsola carpatha, Viola scorpiuroides.The following species are protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81) and are included in the IUCN Red Data List (1993) in the category of threatened plants: Centaurea aegialophila (vulnerable), Nigella fumariifolia (rare; found in Greece and in Cyprus).Tulipa saxatilis is protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81)The strict endemic species Carlina diae is protected by the Bern convention (revised appendix I, 1992) and by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81) and is included in the IUCN Red Data List (1993) in the category of threatened plants and in the European Red List of Globally Trheatened Plants characterized as vulnerable.The orchids Anacamptis pyramidalis, Ophrys fusca are protected by the CITES Convention (Annex C).Lygeum spartum in the area is important. This species belongs to the desert-like floristic element, occurring only in steppe communities in Kriti in Greece (it occurs at similar habitats in Spain, Sardinia, Sicily, Italy in Europe); it is one of the very rare grasses in Greece (Damanakis & Scholz, 1990). Distribution in Europe: at similar habitats.Note: The IUCN characterizations given concern the plant’s status in Greece unless otherwise stated.Concerning the animals, there are a lot of invertebrate endemic species and some vertebrate endemic subspecies. Regarding the reptiles one can say that their presence is quite important. On Crete the reptiles are found in isolated small populations while on the islets there are endemic subspecies. The species Hemidactylus turcicus is protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/1981) and by the Bern Convention (appendix III). The species Cyrtodactylus kotschyi , Coluber gemonensis, and Telescopus fallax are also protected by the Bern convention (appendix II) and are considered species of Community interest (Annex IV, Directive 92/43/EEC). Lacerta trilineata and Podarcis erhardii , besides being legally protected by the above law and convention, they are also considered species of Community interest (Annex IV, Directive 92/43/EEC). For Chameleon chameleon (which is not listed in 3.3), cautiousness is needed. There are few old records from Crete which need confirmation. But if this species is present on Crete then it is very rare and needs special attention. It is considered a species of Community interest (Annex IV, Directive 92/43/EEC), included in the National Red Data Book and protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/1981), by the Bern Convention (appendix II) and by the Convention on the Conservation on International Trade in Endangered species of wild fauna and flora (CITES). The mammal Pipistrellus savii is considered species of Community interest (Annex IV, Directive 92/43/EEC) and protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/1981) and by the Bern Convention (appendix II)Most species of the land snails mentioned in 3.3. are endemic of the site or of Crete. The Dyonisades group has been characterised as an Important Bird Area, especially for birds that live at cliffs. The sea fauna and flora is quite interesting since in this area one can find Ruppia cirrhosa which is rare in Crete. On the west side of Sidero peninsula flocks of Tursiops truncatus (species listed on Annex II, Directive 92/43/EEC) have been observed.Apart from the important species of fauna and flora there are also archaeological and fossil findings in the area.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
A01o
LJ01i
HA04i
HB02.03i
B02.03o
MF02.02.02i
LA01i
HF03.01i
F02.03i
A04o
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
A01o
F02.03i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

1) Dafis, SP. A., 1985: The palm tree forest of Vai (Sitia - Crete). Arist. Univ. of Thessaloniki, Scient. Ann. For.Natur. Envir. KH(4): 140-152. (4.2, 4.3) 2) Institutre of Geology and Mineralogy of Greece. Geologic map of Sitia. (4.1) 3) Paragamian, K., personal data. (3.1, 4.2) 4) Kypriotakis, Z. personal data. (4.1, 4.2, 3.2, 3.3, 5) Mavrommatis, 1973. Ecology of the “Vai” palm forest of Crete (Phoenix theophrastii GR.). Dasos : 21-24. (4.1, 4.2) 6) Pennas, P., 1977. The climate of Crete. Ph.D. Thesis pp.105, Univ.Thessaloniki. (4.1) 7) Siakavara,K., personal data (4.1, 4.2, 3.1, 3.2.c, ) 8) Tsiourlis, G. personal data (3.1, 4.2) 9) Turland, N.J., L.Chilton, J.R.Rees, 1993. Flora of the cretan area. Annotated checklist and atlas. pp.439. (4.2, 3.3) 10) Vardinoyannis K., 1994. I viogeografia ton chersaion malakion tou notiou aigaiakou toxou. (Biogeography of land snails in the south aegean island arc). Ph.D. pp. Univ. of Athens. (4.1, 4.2, 3.3) 11) Wettstein O. v. 1953. Herpetologia Aegea. Sitz. ber. Oestrr. Akad. Wiss. Wien 162: 651-833. (3.3, 4.2) 12) Wettstein 1968. Zoologische Aufsammlungen auf kreta: Amphibien und Reptilien. Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien. 72:405-408. (3.3, 4.2) 13) Helelnic Society for the Study and Protection of the Monk Seal (HSSPMS). 1994. Continuation of establishment of a rescue network for orphan, wounded and sick seals and gathering of seal observations from the whole Greece. Function of the seal treatment and rehabilitation center in Alonnisos. Final Report. EU Contract No 4-3010 (92)7829, p 112. (3.2.c) 14) Damanakis M. & H. Scholz. 1990. Phytogeographical notes on the Poaceae of Greece. Willdenowia 19:413-423. 15) Georghiou K. 1995. Checklist of Endemic, Rare and Threatened Plants of Greece. Draft. University of Athens. (3.3, 3.4, 4.2) 16) Heath, M. F. and Evans, M. I., eds. 2000. Important Bird Areas in Europe: Priority sites for conservation. 2: Southern Europe. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International. BirdLife Conservation Series No. 8, p. 791. 17) Morgan V & C. Leon. 1992. Datasheets of Flora species for revision of Appendix I of the Bern Convention. Volume IV. endemic taxa of Cyprus, Greece and Turkey Nature and environment. Nature and Envrionment. No 63 p. 106. Council of Europe, Publishing and Documentaion Service, Strasbourg. (3.2.g.) 18) Boyec P. & K. Athanasiou. 1991. A new subspecies of Biarum tenuifolium (Araceae) from Crete. Flora Med. 1:5-13. (3.4) Grimmet R.F.A. & T.A. Jones. 1989. The Important Bird Areas in Europe. ICBP Technical Publication No. 9, p. 906. (3.2.a.,b). Hellenic Ornithological Society & National Agricultural Research Foundation. 1994. Survey and evaluation of Biotopes and investigation of the possibility for inclusion in the Community Network of Special Protection Areas according to the Article 4 of Directive 79/409/EC for the conservation of the wild birds. Phase A. Rapid ornithological assessment of 16 biotopes. ENVIREG Project. Ministry of Environment, Physical Planning and Public Works. Athens. p. 138. (3.2. a,b). [CORINE BIOTOPES] (3.2.a.,b).

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code

Cover [%]

Code

Cover [%]

Code

Cover [%]

GR95100.00

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:


designated at national or regional level:

Type code

Site name

Type

Cover [%]

GR95Dionysades nisoi Dimou Siteias=100.00
IN06Dionisades Nisoi+0.00

designated at international level:

Type

Site name

Type

Cover [%]

Other Dionysades nisoi Dimou Siteias=100.00
Dionisades Nisoi+0.00

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:FOREST DIRECTORATE OF LASITHI
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:
Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

Forest Directorate of Lasithi. General plan for forestry development in Lasithi, Agios Nikolaos, Lasithi.

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY