Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

Back to top

1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

GR4320016

1.3 Site name

ORI ZAKROU

1.4 First Compilation date

2002-10

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2002-10
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)

2. SITE LOCATION

Back to top

2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:26.223333
Latitude:35.061389

2.2 Area [ha]

3878.8900

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR43Kriti

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Back to top No data

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

Back to top

4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0858.05
N0932.26
N122.15
N171.08
N213.23
N233.23

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The site lies at the southeastern end of Crete, the area south of Zakros village. Geologically the area consists of upper Cretaceous and Miocene limestones, Triassic dolomites; also of phlysch, neogene and alluvial deposits. The vegetation is mainly phrygana. Maquis vegetation is very rare, mainly in valleys. Regarding the climate, this part of Crete is the driest part of Europe. The rainfall is less than 400mm per year, while the mean annual temperature is more than 20oC. Though the area is the hottest and driest part of Europe, watersprings are found in various places. There are a lot of streams and springs; around them grow the associated plants, such as Oleanders, Plane trees etc. In the ponds one can find freshwater invertebrates, such as molluscs, insects etc. There are very few people living in the area. Most settlements have been abandoned. There are cultivations of olives; here is the only place of Crete where olivegroves are irrigated. There are a lot of deep gorges in the area with a lot of chasmophytes and rapaces. By the village of Xerokambos, at Ziros, there is a wetland (130 ha), with a small lagoon and saltmarsh. West of this village there are sand-dunes.

4.2 Quality and importance

This is an important site for passage migrants and raptors and species associated with cliffs and hills. Species of concern include Falco peregrinus and Emberiza caesia.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA04.01b
HA05.03b
MC03.03bb
HE01b
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

Back to top

5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR9514.34

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Zakros Dimou Itanou*7.68
GR95Zakros (Itanou)*6.65

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Zakros Dimou Itanou*7.68
Zakros (Itanou)*6.65

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

Back to top

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

Back to top No data

SITE DISPLAY