Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type1.2 Site code
AGR4320016

1.3 Site name

ORI ZAKROU
1.4 First Compilation date1.5 Update date
2002-102009-05

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2002-10
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/1-9-2012 (OJ 1495 B)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude

26.223333

Latitude

35.061389

2.2 Area [ha]:

2.3 Marine area [%]

3914.00000.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code

Region Name

GR43Kriti

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA091Aquila chrysaetos           
BA087Buteo buteo           
BA082Circus cyaneus           
BA083Circus macrourus           
BA447Emberiza caesia           
BA103Falco peregrinus           
BA076Gypaetus barbatus           
BA078Gyps fulvus    15  17     
BA092Hieraaetus pennatus           
BA261Motacilla cinerea           
BA077Neophron percnopterus           
BA278Oenanthe hispanica           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class

% Cover

N0858.05
N0932.26
N122.15
N171.08
N213.23
N233.23

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The site lies at the southeastern end of Crete, the area south of Zakros village. Geologically the area consists of upper Cretaceous and Miocene limestones, Triassic dolomites; also of phlysch, neogene and alluvial deposits. The vegetation is mainly phrygana. Maquis vegetation is very rare, mainly in valleys. Regarding the climate, this part of Crete is the driest part of Europe. The rainfall is less than 400mm per year, while the mean annual temperature is more than 20oC. Though the area is the hottest and driest part of Europe, watersprings are found in various places. There are a lot of streams and springs; around them grow the associated plants, such as Oleanders, Plane trees etc. In the ponds one can find freshwater invertebrates, such as molluscs, insects etc. There are very few people living in the area. Most settlements have been abandoned. There are cultivations of olives; here is the only place of Crete where olivegroves are irrigated. There are a lot of deep gorges in the area with a lot of chasmophytes and rapaces. By the village of Xerokambos, at Ziros, there is a wetland (130 ha), with a small lagoon and saltmarsh. West of this village there are sand-dunes.

4.2 Quality and importance

This is an important site for passage migrants and raptors and species associated with cliffs and hills. Species of concern include Falco peregrinus and Emberiza caesia.

4.5 Documentation

Heath, M. F. and Evans, M. I., eds. 2000. Important Bird Areas in Europe: Priority sites for conservation. 2: Southern Europe. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International. BirdLife Conservation Series No. 8, p. 791.

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code

Cover [%]

Code

Cover [%]

Code

Cover [%]

GR9514.34

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:


designated at national or regional level:

Type code

Site name

Type

Cover [%]

GR95Zakros Dimou Itanou*7.69
IN06Ori zakrou-100.00
GR95Zakros (Itanou)*6.64

designated at international level:

Type

Site name

Type

Cover [%]

Other Zakros Dimou Itanou*7.69
Ori zakrou-100.00
Zakros (Itanou)*6.64

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:
Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY