Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type1.2 Site code
BGR4330002

1.3 Site name

OROS KEDROS
1.4 First Compilation date1.5 Update date
1995-042009-05

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1997-04
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude

24.612500

Latitude

35.188889

2.2 Area [ha]:

2.3 Marine area [%]

4700.27000.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code

Region Name

GR43Kriti

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
3290info      0.00   
4090info      0.00   
5420info      0.00   
5430info      0.00   
8210info      0.00   
9310info      0.00   
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA226Apus apus           
BA228Apus melba           
BA091Aquila chrysaetos       
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus           
BA208Columba palumbus           
BA253Delichon urbica           
R1293Elaphe situla                 
BA269Erithacus rubecula           
BA100Falco eleonorae           
BA095Falco naumanni           
BA103Falco peregrinus       
BA097Falco vespertinus           
BA359Fringilla coelebs           
BA076Gypaetus barbatus       
BA078Gyps fulvus       
BA093Hieraaetus fasciatus       
BA246Lullula arborea           
R1222Mauremys caspica                 
BA278Oenanthe hispanica           
BA277Oenanthe oenanthe           
BA214Otus scops           
BA315Phylloscopus collybita           
BA250Ptyonoprogne rupestris           
BA285Turdus philomelos           
P1436Zelkova abelicea                 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
  Arum creticum                   
  Arum idaeum                   
1201  Bufo viridis                   
  Centaurea idaea                   
1274  Chalcides ocellatus                   
  Coluber gemonensis                   
  Cotoneaster nummularia                   
  Crepis auriculifolia                   
  Crocus sieberi ssp. sieberi                   
  Dianthus pulviniformis                   
  Draba cretica                   
  Hypericum kelleri                   
  Hypericum trichocaulon                   
1292  Natrix tessellata                   
  Prunella cretensis                   
  Scabiosa albocincta                   
  Scorzonera idaea                   
  Scutellaria sieberi                   
  Teucrium alpestre                   
  Veronica kavusica                   
  Viola rauliniana                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class

% Cover

N060.01
N0888.42
N155.74
N160.57
N200.39
N223.89
N230.98

Total Habitat Cover

100.00000000000001

Other Site Characteristics

The site is situated in the southwest of Psiloritis mountain (Idi), consisting exclusively of the massif of the mount Kedros; it comprises a cone delimited by the contour of 600 m with the highest summit (1776 m) almost in the middle. It is surrounded by a belt of 15 small villages, at the altitude range between 400 and 600 m, with no major settlements above the village zone. The geological substrate is limestone. The overall vegetation profile of the mountain can be described as short, dry scrubs and phrygana, with lack of tree forms. Canyons and rock cliffs are characteristic of the landscape and to a limited extend, there are naturally treeless slopes. There is an E4 mountain footpath, climbing up to the highest peak of the site.

4.2 Quality and importance

The ecological importance of the Kedros mountain, closely related to its geomorphological structure, lies mainly on the endemic or rare floristic elements (mostly chasmophytes) and on the ideal conditions its geological relief provides for big rapace nesting.Big rapaces, such as Gyps fulvus and Hieraaetus fasciatus nest on Kedros Mt., while there is evidence of the presence of the rare Gypaetus barbatus. Besides, the site is consodered an important Bird Area.Notable among the flora species are Dianthus pulviniformis, a legally protected (Presidential Decree 67/81) and rare species (IUCN 1993), found exclusively on Kedros Mt., and Cerastium brachypetalum ssp. doerfleri, an indeed very rare plant, also local endemic to Kedros. Actually, all the plant species listed on section 3.3 are Greek endemics with some degree of rarity.The endemic species Anthemis abrotanifolia, Crepis auriculifolia, Scabiosa albocincta, Hypericum kelleri, Prunella cretensis and Tulipa doerfleri are included in the IUCN Red Data Lists for Greece (1993), Europe (1988) and the World (1993) with the characterization «Rare» and are protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81).The site is also rich in endemic snail species, most of which are stenoendemics. All molluscan species cited on section 3.3, with the exception of Vitrea, Monacha, Pyramidula and Orculella which are Aegean endemics, are endemic to Crete or to W. Crete only.The reptiles Telescopus fallax pallidus, Chalcides ocellatus ocellatus, Natrix tessellata tessellata, Lacerta trilineata polylepidota, Columber gemonensis and the amphibians Bufo viridis viridis and Hyla arborea cretensis, permanently inhabit the Kedros massif and are protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81) and by the Bern convention (Annex II). Rana ridibunda is included in Annex III of the Bern convention.OTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES WITH MOTIVATION DExplanations are given in the above text.In addition:The following species are protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81) and are included in the IUCN Red Data List (1993) in the category of threatened plants: Cotoneaster nummularia (vulnerable), Anthemis abrotanifolia (rare), Tulipa doerfleri (rare).Arum creticum is a species with distribution in Crete and the East Aegean found only in SW. Turkey out of Greece. Viola rauliniana is a species with distribution in W. & C. Crete and Cyprus.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LL09i
LE04.01i
HA04i
LA01i
LD01.01i
LD05i
LD01.02i
LF03.02i
LF04i
MF03.01i
LG01.04i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LG01.04i
LA01i
LD01.01i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

1) CORINE Information System. European Environment Agency. CORINE, Biotopes, 1991. 2) Patras University - Ministry of Environment, Physical Planning and Public Works. 1988. (Work Team: Economidou E. et al) Entopismos kai meleti ton ygroviotopon kai allon simantikon gia tin ornithopanida viotopon tis Kritis (Localization and study of wetlands and of other important for the birdfauna biotopes of Crete). Final report, Vol. 1, Patra. p. 384. 3) Hellenic Ornithological Society. 1994. Simantikes Periohes gia ta Poulia tis Elladas (Important Bird Areas in Greece). 4) Grimmet, R.F.A. & Jones, T.A. (Compilers) 1989 : Important Bird Areas in Europe. International Council of Bird Preservation (ICBP), Technical Publication No 9. 5) Kypriotakis, Z. Unpuplished data. 6) Legakis A. (Editor) 1995 . Apeiloumena, Prostateyomena kai Endimika eidi Zoon tis Elladas (Threatened, protected and endemic animal species of Greece). Zoological Museum, University of Athens, p. 35. 7) The red data book of threatened vertebrates of Greece. Hellenic Zoological Society Hellenic Ornithological Society. Athens 1992. 8) Turland N.J., Chilton L. & Press J.R. 1993. Flora of the Cretan area. The Natural History Museum, London : HMSO 9) Valakos, E. Unpuplished data. 10) Vardinoyannis K., 1994. Biogeografia ton cherseon malakion sto notio nisiotiko aigaiako toxo (Biogeography of land snails in the south Aegean arc). Ph.D. Thesis. Univerity of Athens. 11) Wettstein O. 1953. Herpetologia aegaea. Sber. oest. Akad. Wiss. math.naturw.Kl.Abt.l 162(910): 651833. 12) Georghiou K. 1995. Checklist of Endemic, Rare and Threatened Plants of Greece. Draft. University of Athens. (3.3, 3.4, 4.2) 13) Morgan V & C. Leon. 1992. Datasheets of Flora species for revision of Appendix I of the Bern Convention. Volume IV. endemic taxa of Cyprus, Greece and Turkey Nature and environment. Nature and Envrionment. No 63 p. 106. Council of Europe, Publishing and Documentaion Service, Strasbourg. (3.2.g.)

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code

Cover [%]

Code

Cover [%]

Code

Cover [%]

GR00100.00

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:


designated at national or regional level:

Type code

Site name

Type

Cover [%]

IN06Oros Kedros kai Kourtaliotiko farangi-0.00

designated at international level:

Type

Site name

Type

Cover [%]

Other Oros Kedros kai Kourtaliotiko farangi-0.00

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:FOREST DIRECTORATE OF RETHYMNO, LOCAL COMMUNITIES OF SPILI, GERAKARI, VRISES, PLATANES
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:
Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY