Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR4330003

1.3 Site name

KOURTALIOTIKO FARANGI - MONI PREVELI - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI

1.4 First Compilation date

1994-04

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1996-08
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:24.480833
Latitude:35.194444

2.2 Area [ha]

3734.0300

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR43Kriti

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1130  info      0.103296  0.00 
1240  info      0.684406  0.00 
3290  info      0.702038  0.00 
5330  info      7.89632  0.00 
5420  info      1704.24  0.00 
6220  info  X     1.18444  0.00 
6420  info      0.208278  0.00 
7210  info  X     0.346477  0.00 
8140  info      5.14205  0.00 
8210  info      174.38  0.00 
92C0  info      108.978  0.00 
92D0  info      17.8047  0.00 
9310  info      138.321  0.00 
9320  info      57.2137  0.00 
9370  info  X     2.93188  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N010.09
N020.99
N040.01
N060.01
N0851.69
N1536.05
N165.57
N181.79
N222.42
N231.38

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The site, at the southern central Crete, includes the gorge of Kourtaliotis river, a narrow river with permanent water supply, which cuts through the gorge, flowing down a rocky bed, to end up to a small cove, with a sandy beach, 250 m in length and 60-70 m in width. At the estuary, a small pond with brackish is formed, in the middle of the beach, 10 m from the sea.The water from the springs of Agios Nikolas, middleway in the gorge, is collected by a water lock which supplies water to all the villages around.The main types of biotopes that characterize the site are: rock faces with characterizing chasmophytic vegetation and phrygana, at the slopes of the gorge; riparian arborescent vegetation with Phoenix theophrastii, Nerium oleander, Ceratonia siliqua; small coastal habitas at the estuary of the river, with Vitex-agnus castus and halophytic vegetation (Juncus maritimus and Phragmites australis) and small sand dunes; sea cliff vegetation and marine habitats, with Posidonia sea beds. The Phoenix theophrastii forest -the second most important palm forest of Phoenix in Crete, aged of several decades, extends into the gorge at a distance of at least 600 m from the beach.

4.2 Quality and importance

The gorge of Kourtaliotis, including the surrounding area and the estuary, is a place comprising a rare and unique natural beauty with a great biological diversity which make it a place of great, ecological and aesthetic importance at the level of Crete and of the Mediterranean. In particular, the main elements of its quality and importance are: 1) The Phoenix theophrastii forest, the second (after Vai) largest natural palm forest in Crete. Moreover, P. theophrastii is one of the only two native palm species in Europe. 2) The variety of biotopes, with well structured vegetation at a good general conservation status reaching at an almost climax condition at places. This results in the high degree of biodiversity that characterizes the site and that is evident in the presence of a relatively large number of endemic species in the gorge. 3) Kourtaliotis river is one of the few freshwater systems with permanent water flow in Crete. 4) The presence of important bird species such as Gyps fulvus, Falco tinnunculus, Falco respectivus, and Ptyonoproque rupestris. Besides, the site is part of one of the Important Bird Areas in Europe. 5) The whole area, with the old monastery of Preveli, is an historical and archaeological site. OTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES WITH MOTIVATION D Lactuca acanthifolia (= Scariola acanthifolia) is found in Ydra, Cyclades, East Aegean Islands and only in SW Turkey out of Greece. Allium callimischon ssp. haemostictum is a plant with distribution in Greece and SW Turkey.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA04i
MA09i
HC03.03I
MD03.03b
ME01.03b
ME03.01i
MF02.01.02b
MF02.03.03b
MF03.01i
MF03.02.05b
MF04i
MF05.01b
MF05.05b
MG01.01.01b
MG01.04.03b
MG02.08i
MH01b
MH03.01b
MJ01i
ML05b
HL09I
MM01.07b
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LUb

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR9519.57

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Kouroupa Dimon Foinika kai Lampis*14.29
GR95Preveli Dimon Foinika kai Lampis*5.28

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Kouroupa Dimon Foinika kai Lampis*14.29
Preveli Dimon Foinika kai Lampis*5.28

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY