Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR4330004

1.3 Site name

PRASSANO FARANGI - PATSOS - SFAKORYAKO REMA - PARALIA RETHYMNOU KAI EKVOLI GEROPOTAMOU, AKR. LIANOS KAVOS - PERIVOLIA

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-04

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1997-04
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:24.591111
Latitude:35.263333

2.2 Area [ha]

13130.1100

2.3 Marine area [%]

25.2500

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR43Kriti

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1210  info      0.045455  0.00 
1240  info      12.8237  0.00 
2110  info      32.3819  0.00 
2230  info      0.2506  0.00 
2260  info      1.33177  0.00 
3250  info      0.284097  0.00 
3280  info      0.154865  0.00 
5330  info      5.73938  0.00 
5420  info      4665.32  0.00 
5430  info      168.38  0.00 
6220  info  X     0.949809  0.00 
6420  info      1.15142  0.00 
7210  info  X     0.509289  0.00 
7230  info      0.00         
8210  info      83.0004  0.00 
92C0  info      227.312  0.00 
92D0  info      0.766779  0.00 
9310  info      27.7961  0.00 
9320  info      24.403  0.00 
9340  info      1155.92  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
R1227Chelonia mydas                   
R1293Elaphe situla           
R2373Mauremys rivulata           
P1685Origanum dictamnus    51000  105000   
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum    20  500   
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros                 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Allium rubrovittatum                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
Centaurea argentea                   
Centaurea idaea                   
1274Chalcides ocellatus                   
1274Chalcides ocellatus                   
1274Chalcides ocellatus                   
Erysimum candicum ssp. candicum                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
5669Hierophis gemonensis                   
5669Hierophis gemonensis                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
5365Hypsugo savii    10  500             
5365Hypsugo savii    10  500             
5365Hypsugo savii    10  500             
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
Lactuca acanthifolia                   
Medicago strasseri                   
Medicago strasseri                   
1292Natrix tessellata                   
1292Natrix tessellata                   
1292Natrix tessellata                   
Odontites linkii ssp. cretica                   
Petromarula pinnata                   
Phlomis lanata                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
5253Pipistrellus hanaki                   
5253Pipistrellus hanaki                   
5253Pipistrellus hanaki                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii    10  500             
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii    10  500             
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii    10  500             
5361Rana cretensis                   
5361Rana cretensis                   
5361Rana cretensis                   
Scabiosa albocincta                   
Scutellaria sieberi                   
Sedum creticum                   
1333Tadarida teniotis    10  500             
1333Tadarida teniotis    10  500             
1333Tadarida teniotis    10  500             
1289Telescopus fallax                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
Verbascum arcturus                   
Viola cretica                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0125.05
N020.01
N040.01
N050.01
N060.01
N070.10
N0847.98
N090.01
N100.01
N1512.37
N161.65
N187.97
N220.64
N234.18

Total Habitat Cover

100.00000000000001

Other Site Characteristics

The area is located at the nothern part of Crete on the south-east of Rethymnon town. It comprises the stream Sfakoryako, its tributaries and their valleys and the gorges of Prasses (Prassiano) and Agios Antonios Patsou. It is surrounded by many hills and low mountains, named Angoli, Soros, Angathi, Veni koryfi, Mavrou koryfi, and Gasparis. The coastal part of the site at 3 km east of Rethymnon and extends up to the cape Lianos kavos including a sea belt delimited by the depth curve of depth 50m (Posidonia belt). Finally, it includes the small wetland system of Geropotamos river, a narrow belt from cape Lianos to the interior. The site is characterized by various vegetation types changing from one part to the other and by diverse vulnerability, as most of the human activities are limited at the coastal area. Matorrals of Quercus coccifera and phryganas cover most of the terrestrial part of the site. Other characteristic vegetation is the Oleo-Ceratonium mattoral on the northwest part, a forest of Quercus ilex at the entrance of Patsos gorge, and the gallery of Salix at the banks of the Sfakoryako stream. There is also riparian vegetation with common perrenials or annuals (the vegetation of a constantly flowing mediterranean river with gravel bed, usually pebbles, a habitat type not included in Annex II. The cultivated land is located mostly around the villages and the valley. NOTE: 5331, Euphorbia dendroides is a rare species of the phrygana in the area. Only spots were found close to Prassa village with bushes of 10 to 30 years old. Overgrazing is a serious threat for this community.

4.2 Quality and importance

The importance of the site lies mainly on the variety of terrestrial and marine biotopes that give rise to a significant biological diversity. In particular, the elements that comprise the ecological quality and importance of the site are: 1) The cliffs of the site host a large number of species, mainly of the typical chasmophytic flora. For example Origanum dictamnus (included in Annex II of the Directive 92/43/EEC) as well as the species of plants listed on section "other important species" are found at the gorge of Prases. Some of the species listed on the section of "other important species" are endemic to Greece and some of them endemic to Crete; 2 species are endemic to Crete and Karpathos, and Erysimun candicum ssp. candicum is endemic to Crete, Karpathos and the Cyclades. 2) There are a lot of caves but their fauna is not adequately known yet. The endemic Cretan species Troglophyllus spinulosus (order Orthoptera) has been reported in the site. Also, two endangered species of bats have been recorded at the caves near Mylli. 3) The Molluscs of the site are interesting: some species of endemic Cretan terrestrial snails have been recorded in the area (section 3.3). 4) The monk seal, Monachus monachus, has been recorded at the marine area of the eastern part of the site. There are some underwater caves at the coast between the beach of Scaletta and the mouth of Geropotamos river, which form appropriate habitats for this endangered species. 5) Caretta caretta, an endangered species of sea turtle, uses the beach of Rethymnon to nest. The beach from Perivolia to Scaletta is one of the three most important nesting beaches in Greece and one of the most important in the Mediterranean sea. A mean of 410 nests per nesting season were reported after a five year monitoring project by the Sea Turtle Protection Society of Greece. A significant percentage of the nests in the known nesting beaches in Greece are found here. The nesting density is also very high (average more than 35 nests per Km). Nests of the sea turtle have also been recorded at the small beach of Geropotamos mouth. 6) The gorge of Prases and the surrounding area have been recognized as a very good biotope for reptiles. 7) All the amphibians of Crete, which are threatened and protected species, are found in the site. 8) All the Mammals occurring in the site (section 3.3) are legally protected. 9) The avifauna is also important: Many species of birds have been recorded at the site. Most of them are migratory species. The wetland of Geropotamos is a very important area for them, especially for Craradriformes, Herons and some Passeriformes. 10) The site combines the ecological importance with archaeological, historical and aesthetic value. Such sites of interest are the village Maroulas, which is an important and rare example of the Middle Ages architecture in Crete, the old water mills at the now uninhabited old village Kato Myli, an example of a traditional use of the water in Crete, are still maintained. OTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES WITH MOTIVATION D Lactuca acanthifolia (= Scariola acanthifolia) is found in Ydra, Cyclades, East Aegean Islands and only in SW Turkey out of Greece.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA04i
LA07o
LA09i
LB01.02i
MC01.01i
MC03.03b
LD01.03i
MD02.02i
MD03.01.02i
MD03.03b
ME01i
HE01.01i
ME01.03b
LE03.01i
ME06.01I
ME06.02I
MF02.01.02b
MF02.03.03b
LF03.01i
MF03.02.05b
HF03.02.05i
MF05.01b
MF05.05b
LG01.01i
MG01.01.01b
MG01.01.01i
LG01.03i
MG01.03.02i
MG01.04.03b
MG01.08i
HG02.10i
HG05i
MG05.01i
LG05.04i
MG05.05i
MG05.11i
MH01b
MH03.01b
MH03.03i
MH06.01i
HH06.02i
HI03.01b
MJ02i
MJ02.12.01i
HK01.01i
LK01.01i
ML05b
ML08i
LL09i
LM01.01i
MM01.07b
MXEo
MXOo
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA01i
MJ02i
LUb

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR958.04

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Vrysina, Prassano Farangi Dimou Rethymnis*8.04

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Vrysina, Prassano Farangi Dimou Rethymnis*8.04

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:1. FOREST DIRECTORATE OF RETHYMNO, 2. PORT POLICE OF RETHYMNO
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY