Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

Back to top

1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR4330005

1.3 Site name

OROS IDI (VORIZIA, GERANOI, KALI MADARA)

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-02

1.5 Update date

2009-05

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1996-08
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

Back to top

2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:24.823611
Latitude:35.225833

2.2 Area [ha]

39913.0600

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR43Kriti
GR43Kriti

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Back to top

3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
3290info      0.00   
4090info      0.00   
5420info      0.00   
5430info      0.00   
8140info      0.00   
8210info      0.00   
8310info      0.00   
9290info      0.00   
9320info      0.00   
9340info      0.00   
9540info      0.00   
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
P1901Cephalanthera cucullata    101  200     
R1293Elaphe situla           
M1321Myotis emarginatus                 
P1685Origanum dictamnus           
M1306Rhinolophus blasii                 
M1304Rhinolophus ferrum-equinum                 
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros                 
P1436Zelkova abelicea                 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
  Alyssum idaeum                   
  Alyssum sphacioticum                   
  Amelanchier ovalis ssp. cretica                   
  Arenaria fragillima                   
  Aristolochia cretica                   
  Arum creticum                   
  Arum idaeum                   
  Asperula rigida                   
  Astragalus idaeus                   
  Bolanthus creutzburgii                   
1201  Bufo viridis                   
  Carex idaea                   
  Chaenorhinum idaeum                   
1274  Chalcides ocellatus                   
  Colchicum cretense                   
  Coluber gemonensis                   
  Convolvulus libanoticus                   
  Cotoneaster nummularia                   
  Crepis auriculifolia                   
  Crepis sibthorpiana                   
  Crocus oreocreticus                   
  Crocus sieberi ssp. sieberi                   
  Cyclamen creticum                   
  Cyrtodactylus kotschyi                   
  Draba cretica                   
  Ebenus cretica                   
  Epipactis cretica                   
  Galium samothracicum                   
  Geocaryum creticum                   
  Hypericum jovis                   
  Hypericum kelleri                   
  Hypericum trichocaulon                   
1251  Lacerta trilineata                   
  Martes foina bunites                   
  Meles meles arcalus                   
  Mustela nivalis galinthias                   
  Orchis prisca                   
  Petromarula pinnata                   
  Phlomis lanata                   
  PIpistrellus kuhli                   
1311  Pipistrellus savii                   
  Polygonum idaeum                   
  Ricotia cretica                   
  Scabiosa albocincta                   
  Scabiosa sphaciotica                   
  Senecio fruticulosus                   
  Silene variegata                   
  Suncus etruscus                   
  Teucrium alpestre                   
  Thlaspi creticum                   
  Tragopogon lassithicus                   
  Tulipa cretica                   
  Valeriana asarifolia                   
  Veronica kavusica                   
  Viola cretica                   
  Viola fragrans                   
  Viola rauliniana                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

Back to top

4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N060.01
N0866.98
N100.42
N151.01
N170.57
N1831.00
N220.01

Total Habitat Cover

100.00000000000001

Other Site Characteristics

The site is surrounded by several villages: Anogeia, Zoniana, Livadia, Kalyvos, Agios Mamas, Avdellas, Margarites, Prines, Eleftherna, Vistagi, Fourfouras, Kouroutes, Nithavri, Apodoulou, Platanos, Lochria, Kamares, Vorizia, Zaros, Nyvritos, Gergeri, Agia Varvara, Asites, Krousonas, Loutraki, Gonies.Psiloreitis (Idi Oros) is one of the three major mountain ranges of Crete. The highest peak is 2456m (Timios Stavros). Other high peaks are: Agathia 2,425m, Seli 2354m, Stolistra 2330m, Housamakas 2209m, Alikadam 1927m, Mavri 1981m, Vigla 1917m, Koudouni 1860, Skinakas 1752m, Sitaras 1575m, ect.. Southern slopes are steep. Limestone, dolomite and gneiss are the dominant rocks.Psiloreitis is the «drainage basin» of central Crete. The collected in the system comes from several springs. Zaros, Gergeri, Almyros and Bali are the major of them. Most of the site's area is karstified. Karstic forms comprise canyons, poljes, numerous dolines and many hundreds of caves and potholes including the deepest in Greece (-475m). Deer fossils and Agrimia sceletons (Capra aegagrus cretica-extinct from Psiloreitis some decades ago) have been located in several potholes.The dolines are of special interest; the wet dolines are characterized by scanty vegetation of annuals common in other places but rare in Crete while the dry dolines are characterized by dense vegetation and, in Psiloritis, by the occurence of Polygonum idaeum, specialized in this type of habitat and confined to Psiloritis and Dikti, and of Gagea fibrosa, a strict endemic to the dolines of Psiloritis.Phrygana and maqui shrubs are dominant up to 1600m a.s.l. Groves of prickly-oaks (Quercus coccifera) are spread within the site. Rouvas' prickly-oak grove, above Gergeri, is the largest. Pine groves (Pinus brutia) occur at the south slopes while cypress (Cupressus sempervirens) and maple trees (Acer sempervirens) are scattered up to 1700m a.s.l., only occasionally forming small groves. Above 1700m vegetation is patchy with low bushes of spiny plants. Many taxa that characterise these formations are Cretan endemics (Asperula idaea, Centaurea idaea, etc.). Human activities occur since early Neolithic times. There are several archaeological sites. The ancient town "Zomynthos", the cave Idaion Adron and the cave of Kamares are the most important.

4.2 Quality and importance

The site is characterised by landscape diversity, high biodiversity, the presence of many Cretan and Greek endemic species of flora and fauna, rare plant associations, rare species, threatened species and species in danger of extinction. More than 100 plant species of the site are endemic to the Cretan area. Some of them are extremely rare (species included in section 3.3. with motivation D). Horstrissea dolinicola is endemic to the site (a population of few individuals in Petradolakia). Several species of land snails are endemic (some of which Cretan endemics). Deroceras minoicum is known only from a spring in Nida plateau. There is a rich endemic cave fauna with species restricted in one (or few) caves (e.g. Duvalius mixanigi, Serradium sbordoni). Also, Rhinolophus ferrumequinum ssp. creticum, included in section 3.2.c. as Rhinolophus ferrum-equinum, is a subspecies endemic to Crete.Idi mountain is one of the EU's Important Bird Areas. An area of 0.2 Ha (Manna Nerou) above Kamares village is protected as "Natural Monument" since 1985 for the protection of Cretan Kephalantiro (Cephalanthera cucullata). Rouvas forest and Zaros canyon have been proposed for designation as biogenetic reserve. Idaion Adron and the cave of Kamares are considered "Landscapes of Special Natural Beauty". However, legislation and protection are not effective.OTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES WITH MOTIVATION DThe following species are protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81) and are included in the IUCN Red Data List (1993) in the category of threatened plants: Cotoneaster nummularia (vulnerable), Convolvulus libanoticus (rare), Anthemis abrotanifolia (rare), Campanula jacquinii (rare), Cirsium morinifolium (rare), Corydalis rutifolia ssp. uniflora (rare).Asperula idaea, Ohrys basilissa and Phagnalon pygmaeum are protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81).Valantia aprica is a balkan endemic (Greece, Albania)Arum creticum is a species with distribution in Crete and the East Aegean found only in SW. Turkey out of Greece. Amelanchier ovalis ssp. cretica is a subspecies with distribution in Sicily and Greece. Viola rauliniana is a species with distribution in W. & C. Crete and Cyprus. Satureja spinosa is a species of Crete and East Aegan occcuring only in SW. Anatolia out of Greece.Allancastria cerysii is protected by the Presidential Decree 67/81.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA05.02i
HG01.04o
LG01.03o
LD01.02i
MH05o
LG01.02i
MB01.02o
MD01.02o
HA04o
MD01.01i
HA05.01o
MA01o
MG01i
MD02.01o
MF03.01i
MD01.01o
LD02.02i
HA05.01i
LA01i
MD02.02o
HL09i
HF03.01o
MC01.04.01o
LB01.02i
ME03.01o
HG01.04i
LE01.04i
MK01.01i
LG02.03o
MJ01o
HA04i
MG01o
HA05.02o
LG01.02o
LC01.04.01i
ME01.02o
LG01.06o
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MG01i
MD01.02o
LG01.03o
LD01.02i
LE01.04i
MD01.01i
LD01.05o
LG02.03o
LG01.06o
HG01.04i
MD02.01o
LG01.02i
MG01o
LG01.02o
MD02.02o
MD01.01o
ME01.02o
LD02.02i
HG01.04o
MC01.04.01o
LC01.04.01i
LA01i
MA01o

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

1) Beutler A. 1981. Cyrtodactylus kotschyi (Steindachner 1870) - Aegaeischer Bogenfingerecko. In Handbuch der Reptilien und Amphibien Europas. Aula-verlag Wiesbaden, W. Boehme (Ed.). Bant 1, Sauria I. pp 53-74. 2) Hanak ,V., P. Benda, M. Ruedi, I. Homcek & T. Sofianidou 2001. Bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) of the Eastern Mediterranean. Part 2. New records and review of distribution of bats in Greece. Acta Soc. Zool. Bohem. 65: 279-346. 3) Daffner H. 1993. Duvalius mixanigi sp.n. von der insel Kreta. NachrBl. Bayer. Ent. 42(1): 26-29.

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

Back to top

5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR9520.72

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Psiloreitis Dimou Zirou kai Ravou*5.49
IN06Oros Idi0.00
GR95Trigiodo Dimou Anogeion+5.16
GR95Periochi Gournas Dimos Krousona*1.53
GR95Psiloreitis Dimon Syvritou Kouriton*8.53

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Psiloreitis Dimou Zirou kai Ravou*5.49
Oros Idi0.00
Trigiodo Dimou Anogeion+5.16
Periochi Gournas Dimos Krousona*1.53
Psiloreitis Dimon Syvritou Kouriton*8.53

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

Back to top

6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:FOREST DIRECTORATE OF IRAKLEIO, 13’ CURATOR OF PREHISTORIC AND CLASSIC ANTIQUITIES, FOREST DIRECTORATE OF RETHYMNO, CURATOR OF PREHISTORIC AND CLASSIC ANTIQUITIES OF RETHYMNO
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

Management of grazing. Most of the site (up to 1,700m a.s.l) is used as a pastureland. Archaeological sites and wooded areas attract tourists.

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

Back to top No data

SITE DISPLAY