Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

GR4330006

1.3 Site name

SOROS - AGKATHI - KEDROS

1.4 First Compilation date

1996-01

1.5 Update date

2009-05

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:1997-02
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/1-9-2012 (OJ 1495 B)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:24.594722
Latitude:35.215556

2.2 Area [ha]

8128.9300

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR43Kriti

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA402Accipiter brevipes           
BA085Accipiter gentilis           
BA085Accipiter gentilis           
BA086Accipiter nisus           
BA086Accipiter nisus           
BA247Alauda arvensis           
BA247Alauda arvensis           
BA255Anthus campestris           
BA255Anthus campestris           
BA258Anthus cervinus           
BA257Anthus pratensis           
BA257Anthus pratensis           
BA259Anthus spinoletta           
BA259Anthus spinoletta           
BA256Anthus trivialis           
BA226Apus apus           
BA228Apus melba           
BA228Apus melba           
BA227Apus pallidus           
BA091Aquila chrysaetos       
BA404Aquila heliaca           
BA089Aquila pomarina           
BA087Buteo buteo           
BA087Buteo buteo           
BA087Buteo buteo           
BA403Buteo rufinus           
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla           
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla           
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus           
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus           
BA365Carduelis spinus           
BA365Carduelis spinus           
BA030Ciconia nigra           
BA080Circaetus gallicus           
BA080Circaetus gallicus           
BA081Circus aeruginosus                 
BA082Circus cyaneus           
BA082Circus cyaneus           
BA083Circus macrourus           
BA084Circus pygargus           
BA211Clamator glandarius           
BA373Coccothraustes coccothraustes           
BA207Columba oenas           
BA208Columba palumbus           
BA231Coracias garrulus           
BA113Coturnix coturnix           
BA113Coturnix coturnix           
BA212Cuculus canorus           
BA253Delichon urbica           
R1293Elaphe situla                 
BA447Emberiza caesia           
BA379Emberiza hortulana           
BA379Emberiza hortulana           
BA382Emberiza melanocephala           
BA269Erithacus rubecula           
BA269Erithacus rubecula           
BA101Falco biarmicus       
BA100Falco eleonorae           
BA095Falco naumanni           
BA103Falco peregrinus       
BA099Falco subbuteo           
BA097Falco vespertinus           
BA321Ficedula albicollis           
BA322Ficedula hypoleuca           
BA359Fringilla coelebs           
BA359Fringilla coelebs           
BA359Fringilla coelebs           
BA360Fringilla montifringilla           
BA076Gypaetus barbatus           
BA078Gyps fulvus    15  15     
BA093Hieraaetus fasciatus       
BA092Hieraaetus pennatus           
BA092Hieraaetus pennatus           
BA299Hippolais icterina           
BA438Hippolais pallida           
BA438Hippolais pallida           
BA252Hirundo daurica           
BA252Hirundo daurica           
BA251Hirundo rustica           
BA251Hirundo rustica           
BA233Jynx torquilla           
BA338Lanius collurio           
BA339Lanius minor           
BA341Lanius senator           
BA341Lanius senator           
BA246Lullula arborea           
BA246Lullula arborea           
BA271Luscinia megarhynchos           
BA271Luscinia megarhynchos           
R1222Mauremys caspica                 
BA242Melanocorypha calandra           
BA230Merops apiaster           
BA073Milvus migrans           
BA280Monticola saxatilis           
BA262Motacilla alba           
BA262Motacilla alba           
BA261Motacilla cinerea           
BA261Motacilla cinerea           
BA260Motacilla flava           
BA319Muscicapa striata           
BA319Muscicapa striata           
BA077Neophron percnopterus           
BA278Oenanthe hispanica           
BA278Oenanthe hispanica           
BA435Oenanthe isabellina           
BA277Oenanthe oenanthe           
BA277Oenanthe oenanthe           
BA337Oriolus oriolus           
BA214Otus scops           
BA214Otus scops           
BA214Otus scops           
BA355Passer hispaniolensis           
BA072Pernis apivorus           
BA273Phoenicurus ochruros           
BA273Phoenicurus ochruros           
BA274Phoenicurus phoenicurus           
BA313Phylloscopus bonelli           
BA315Phylloscopus collybita           
BA315Phylloscopus collybita           
BA314Phylloscopus sibilatrix           
BA316Phylloscopus trochilus           
BA250Ptyonoprogne rupestris           
BA250Ptyonoprogne rupestris           
BA346Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax           
BA317Regulus regulus           
BA249Riparia riparia           
BA275Saxicola ruberta           
BA210Streptopelia turtur           
BA210Streptopelia turtur           
BA351Sturnus vulgaris           
BA311Sylvia atricapilla           
BA311Sylvia atricapilla           
BA310Sylvia borin           
BA304Sylvia cantillans           
BA309Sylvia communis           
BA308Sylvia curruca           
BA306Sylvia hortensis           
BA306Sylvia hortensis           
BA440Sylvia rueppelli           
BA285Turdus philomelos           
BA285Turdus philomelos           
BA232Upupa epops           
P1436Zelkova abelicea                 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
  Arum creticum                   
  Arum idaeum                   
1201  Bufo viridis                   
  Centaurea idaea                   
1274  Chalcides ocellatus                   
  Coluber gemonensis                   
  Cotoneaster nummularia                   
  Crepis auriculifolia                   
  Crocus sieberi ssp. sieberi                   
  Dianthus pulviniformis                   
  Draba cretica                   
  Hypericum kelleri                   
  Hypericum trichocaulon                   
1292  Natrix tessellata                   
  Prunella cretensis                   
  Scabiosa albocincta                   
  Scorzonera idaea                   
  Scutellaria sieberi                   
  Teucrium alpestre                   
  Veronica kavusica                   
  Viola rauliniana                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover

0

Other Site Characteristics

The site in the southwest of Psiloritis mountain (Idi), consisting exclusively of the massif of the mount Kedros; it comprises a cone delimited by the contour of 600 m with the highest summit (1776 m) almost in the middle. It is surrounded by a belt of 15 small villages, at the altitude range between 400 and 600 m, with no major settlements above the village zone. The geological substrate is limestone. The overall vegetation profile of the mountain can be described as short, dry scubs and phrygana, with lack of tree forms. Canyons and rock cliffs are characteristic of the landscape, and, to a limited extend, there are naturally treeless slopes. There is an E4 mountain footpath, climping up to the highest point of the site.

4.2 Quality and importance

An important site for breeding raptors, montane and scrub species. Species of concern include: Gypaetus barbatus. The ecological importance of Kedros mountain, closely related to its geomorphological structure, lies mainly on the endemic or rare floristic elements (mostly chasmophytes) and on the ideal conditions its geological relief provides for big rapace nesting.Big rapaces, such as Gyps fulvus and Hieraaetus fasciatus nest on Kedros Mt., while there is evidence of the presence of the rare Gypaetus barbatus. Besides, the site is considered an important Bird Area.Notable among the flora species are Dianthus pulviniformis, a legally protected (Presidential Decree 67/81) and rare species (IUCN 1993), found exclusively on Kedros Mt.,and Cerastium brachypetalum ssp. doerfleri, an indeed very rare plant, also local endemic to Kedros. Actually, all the plant species listed on section 3.3 are Greek endemics with some degree of rarity.The endemic species Anthemis abrotanifolia, Crepis auriculifolia, Scabiosa albocincta, Hypericum kelleri, Prunella cretensis and Tulipa doerfleri are included in the IUCN Red Data Lists for Greece (1993), Europe (1988) and the World (1993) with the characterization <<Rare>> and are protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81). The site is also rich in endemic snail species, most of which are stenoendemics. All molluscan species cited on section 3.3, with the exception of Vitrea, Monacha, Pyramidoula and Orculella which are Aegean endemics, are endemic to Crete or to W. Crete only.The reptiles Telescopus fallax pallidus, Chalcides ocellatus ocellatus, Natrix tessellata tessellata, Lacerta trilineata polylepidota, Columber gemonensis and the amphibians Bufo viridis viridis and Hyla arborea cretensis, permanently inhabit the Kedros massif and are protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81) and by the Bern convention (Annex II). Rana ridibunda is included in Annex II of the Bern convention.OTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES WITH MOTIVATION DExplanations are given in the above text.In addition:The following species are protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81) and are included in the IUCN Red Data List (1993) in the category of threatened plants: Cotoneaster nummularia (vulnerable), Anthemis abrotanifolia (rare), Tulipa doerfleri (rare).Arum creticum is a species with distribution in Crete and the East Aegean found only in SW. Turkey out of Greee. Viola rauliniana is a species with distribution in W. & C. Crete and Cyprus.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LD01.01i
LE04.01i
LA01i
MF03.01i
LG01.04i
LF04i
LD01.02i
HA04i
LL09i
LF03.02i
LD05i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA01i
LD01.01i
LG01.04i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

1) CORINE Information System. European Environment Agency. CORINE, Biotopes, 1991. 2) Patras University - Ministry of Environment, Physical Planning and Public Works. 1988. (Work Team: Economidou E. et al) Entopismos kai meleti ton ygroviotopon kai allon simantikon gia tin ornithopanida viotopon tis Kritis (Localization and study of wetlands and of other important for the birdfauna biotopes of Crete). Final report, Vol. 1, Patra. p. 384. 3) Heath, M. F. and Evans, M. I., eds. 2000. Important Bird Areas in Europe: Priority sites for conservation. 2: Southern Europe. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International. BirdLife Conservation Series No. 8, p. 791. 4)Hellenic Ornithological Society. 1994. Simantikes Periohes gia ta Poulia tis Elladas (Important Bird Areas in Greece). 5) Grimmet, R.F.A. & Jones, T.A. (Compilers) 1989 : Important Bird Areas in Europe. International Council of Bird Preservation (ICBP), Technical Publication No 9. 6) Kypriotakis, Z. Unpuplished data. 7) Legakis A. (Editor) 1995 . Apeiloumena, Prostateyomena kai Endimika eidi Zoon tis Elladas (Threatened, protected and endemic animal species of Greece). Zoological Museum, University of Athens, p. 35. 8) The red data book of threatened vertebrates of Greece. Hellenic Zoological Society Hellenic Ornithological Society. Athens 1992. 9) Turland N.J., Chilton L. & Press J.R. 1993. Flora of the Cretan area. The Natural History Museum, London : HMSO. 10) Valakos, E. Unpuplished data. 11) Vardinoyannis K., 1994. Biogeografia ton cherseon malakion sto notio nisiotiko aigaiako toxo (Biogeography of land snails in the south Aegean arc). Ph.D. Thesis. Univerity of Athens. 12) Wettstein O. 1953. Herpetologia aegaea. Sber. oest. Akad. Wiss. math.naturw.Kl.Abt.l 162(910): 651833. 13) Georghiou K. 1995. Checklist of Endemic, Rare and Threatened Plants of Greece. Draft. University of Athens. (3.3, 3.4, 4.2). 14) Morgan V & C. Leon. 1992. Datasheets of Flora species for revision of Appendix I of the Bern Convention. Volume IV. endemic taxa of Cyprus, Greece and Turkey Nature and environment. Nature and Envrionment. No 63 p. 106. Council of Europe, Publishing and Documentaion Service, Strasbourg (3.2.g).

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR00100.00

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
IN06Oros Kedros And Kourtaliotiko farangi-0.00

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Oros Kedros And Kourtaliotiko farangi-0.00

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:FOREST DIRECTORATE OF RETHYMNO
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY