Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR4340001

1.3 Site name

IMERI KAI AGRIA GRAMVOUSSA - TIGANI KAI FALASARNA - PONTIKONISI, ORMOS LIVADI - VIGLIA

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-04

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1996-08
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:23.590278
Latitude:35.564167

2.2 Area [ha]

5888.4600

2.3 Marine area [%]

41.3600

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR43Kriti

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1150  info  X     0.0929231  0.00 
1170  info      0.00   
1240  info      172.414  0.00 
1310  info      0.940554  0.00 
1410  info      0.125095  0.00 
2110  info      20.9018  0.00 
2120  info      10.7541  0.00 
2230  info      2.74902  0.00 
2250  info  X     3.54458  0.00 
3170  info  X     0.0647141  0.00 
5330  info      59.5994  0.00 
5420  info      2389.88  0.00 
6220  info  X     2.27782  0.00 
6420  info      2.4071  0.00 
8210  info      168.482  0.00 
92D0  info      2.13039  0.00 
9320  info      317.996  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
P1842Androcymbium rechingeri    190700  190700   
P1766Anthemis glaberrima    70000  120000   
R1293Elaphe situla           
P1685Origanum dictamnus    1100  5500     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Allium rubrovittatum                   
Anthemis ammanthus                   
Asperula rigida                   
Asperula taygetea                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
Campanula creutzburgii                   
Centaurea argentea                   
Centaurea pumilio                   
1274Chalcides ocellatus                   
1274Chalcides ocellatus                   
1274Chalcides ocellatus                   
Crepis tybakiensis                   
Cynara cornigera                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
Ebenus cretica                   
Filago aegaea ssp. aristata                   
Filago cretensis ssp. cretensis                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
5669Hierophis gemonensis                   
5669Hierophis gemonensis                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
Inula candida ssp. candida                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
Limonium frederici                   
Malcolmia flexuosa ssp. naxensis                   
Petromarula pinnata                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
5375Podarcis cretensis                   
5375Podarcis cretensis                   
5375Podarcis cretensis                   
5361Rana cretensis                   
5361Rana cretensis                   
5361Rana cretensis                   
Ranunculus asiaticus                   
Scutellaria sieberi                   
Sedum praesidis                   
Silene fabaria                   
Stachys spinosa                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
Trigonella rechingeri                   
Tulipa goulimyi                   
Tulipa saxatilis                   
Valeriana asarifolia                   
Verbascum arcturus                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0141.47
N030.06
N041.05
N055.15
N060.10
N0839.71
N100.10
N154.58
N160.07
N184.24
N223.47

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The site lays in the western part of Crete, including Granvousa peninsula, the islands Imeri Gramvousa and Agria Gramvousa offshore the northern edge of the peninsula, and the islet Pontikonisi, 10 km west of the centre of the peninsula.Almost all along, the pensinsula consists of rocky calcareous massifs with steep slopes which create rugged coastlines, inaccesible from the sea. Marine caves are a quite common feature of the coastline.The vegetation is mostly phryganic, dominated by the shrubby perennial Sarcopoterium spinosum, Coridothymus capitatus, Callicotome villosa, Cistus creticus and Ballota pseudodictamnus, as well as by dwarf forms (creeping) of Pistacia lentiscus and Ceratonia siliqua.At Balos bay, on the northwest, there are not extended coastal sand dunes with Erica manipuliflora and Pistacia lentiscus, while the area is known for the lagoons that are formed by the mainland and the small Tigani peninsula.The islands Agria and Imeri Gramvousa show almost similar vegetation character, with a greater percentage of rock and sand halophytic species.Falasarna is a coastal belt (5 km in length) in part sandy and in part rocky, with sand-halophytic vegetation, and an inner rocky area covered by phryganic and maquis fromations.

4.2 Quality and importance

The peninsula and the islands of Gramvousa and Pontikonisi are very important areas for many Greek endemic or stenoendemic plant species as well as for endemic or rare species and subspecies of reptiles and invertebrates (section 3.3). In addition the area is important for migratory birds. Centaurea pumilio is included in the IUCN Red Data List (1993) in the category of threatened plants characterized as rare and protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81).Other non-endemic important species are: Filago aegaea ssp. aristata is a plant with distribution in S & E Aegean, Ionian Islands, Crete and Cyprus. Cynara cornigera is a species with distribution in S. Greece, the Aegean and Cyprus. Silene fabaria is an Aegean region endemic (occurring only in W Anatolia out of Greece). Malcolmia flexuosa ssp. naxensis is endemic to the Aegean region and Anatolia. Tulipa saxatilis is protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81). Ranunculus asiaticus is an East Mediterranean endemic, occurring in Crete and Aegean in Greece, otherwise in Egypt, Libya, Egypt, Sinai, SW Asia. Rare and endangered rapaces, such as Gyps fulvus and Gypaetus barbatus, live and nest close to or in the site. There is also evidence of the presence of the monk seal, at the northern parts of the peninsula. Tigani lagoon is of major aesthetic importance and it moreover constitutes a shelter and breeding place for many important vertebrate and invertebrate marine species. There is also a considerable population of wild (previously domestic and abandoned) donkeys living throughout the entire peninsula. APPENDIX Because the site includes plant and invertebrate species which may either be common in more than one parts of the site or occurring in one part only, a list of the species included in 3.3 with their distribution PAllium rubrovittatum IG, IGAnthemis ammanthus AG, IGAsperula rigida, PGAsperula taygetea, IGCentaurea argentea, PGCentaurea pumilio, IGCynara cornigera, IGFilago cretensis, PGInula candida, IGLimonium frederici P, PGScutellaria sieberi PGSilene fabaria, FTrigonella rechingeri, Reptiles: All the reptiles listed in 3.3. occur in Gramvousa peninsula OTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES WITH MOTIVATION D The plant species Centaurea pumilio is listed in the IUCN Red Data List in the category of threatened species, characterized as rare in Greece (1993) and in Europe (1988), while their World status is unknown. C. pumilio is also protected by protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81). Cynara cornigera is an east-Mediterranean species, with interesting distribution in the Aegean area, occurring in Southern Greece, in Crete and in the Aegean and out of Greece only in Cyprus; the site is one of only 100 or less sites this species occurs in the EC. Silene fabaria is a species of Central Greece and of the Aegean, with one report from W. Anatolia, and it is found in 100 or less sites of these species in the EC.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA01o
LA01i
HA04i
HA04o
MA07i
MA08i
LA09b
MD01.02o
HD01.02i
MD03.03b
HD05i
ME01.03b
LE03.01i
LE04.01o
ME04.01i
LE06o
MF02.01.02b
MF02.03.03b
MF03.01o
MF03.01i
MF03.02.05b
MF05.01b
MF05.05b
MG01.01.01b
MG01.04.03b
LH01i
MH01b
MH03.01b
LJ01o
ML05b
MM01.07b
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR00100.00

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:FOREST DIRECTORATE OF CHANIA
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY