Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type1.2 Site code
BGR4340004

1.3 Site name

ELOS - TOPOLIA - SASALOS - AGIOS DIKAIOS
1.4 First Compilation date1.5 Update date
1995-042009-05

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1997-04
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude

23.650833

Latitude

35.377222

2.2 Area [ha]:

2.3 Marine area [%]

7351.95000.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code

Region Name

GR43Kriti

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
3290info      0.00         
5420info      0.00   
6220info      0.00   
6420info      0.00   
8210info      0.00   
8220info      0.00   
8310info      0.00   
9260info      0.00   
92C0info      0.00   
92D0info      0.00   
9310info      0.00   
9340info      0.00   
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
M1310Miniopterus schreibersi           
M1307Myotis blythii           
M1316Myotis capaccinii           
M1321Myotis emarginatus                 
M1304Rhinolophus ferrum-equinum           
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
  Anthemis chia                   
  Barlia robertiana                   
  Campanula cretica                   
  Centaurea argentea                   
  Centaurea raphanina ssp. raphanina                   
  Cyclamen creticum                   
1327  Eptesicus serotinus                   
  Filago aegaea ssp. aristata                   
  Lathyrus neurolobus                   
  Limodorum abortivum ssp. abortivum                   
  Listera ovata                   
  Ophrys candica                   
  Orchis corallina                   
  Orchis italica                   
  Orchis laxiflora ssp. laxiflora                   
  Orchis pauciflora                   
  Petromarula pinnata                   
  Pipistrellus kuhli                   
1329  Plecotus austriacus                   
1238  Podarcis erhardii                   
  Polygala venulosa                   
  Scutellaria sieberi                   
  Stachys arvensis                   
  Suncus etruscus                   
1333  Tadarida teniotis                   
  Tulipa cretica                   
  Verbascum arcturus                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class

% Cover

N060.99
N0847.43
N090.10
N100.16
N1518.60
N166.14
N1825.26
N220.99
N230.33

Total Habitat Cover

99.99999999999998

Other Site Characteristics

The site (West Crete), is a mountainous area, begining at Topolia on the north, and ending just below the top of Dikaios mount (1008 m) on the south and it is delimited by Koutroulis mount (1071 m) and by the peak of Psilo Kefali mount (901 m) on the western side, while Sassalos & Milonou settlements are the east side borders. This area includes Topolia gorge, with Tiflos river, originating at Dikaios mt. and streamig down through the gorge); the north side and the summit of Dikaios mount, the east side and the summit of Koutroulis mount and the lower mountains of Psilo Kefali, Oxo Koproula (695 m), Vitsilangos (683 m) and Sellakia (573 m). The well known cave of Agia Sofia is also in the area.The mountainous vegetation is mainly phryganic, dominated by the shrubby perennials Sarcopoterium spinosum, Coridothymus capitatus, Calicotome villosa and Cistus creticus. There are also shrub and tree formations of Pistacia lentiscus and Ceratonia siliqua. Chestnut groves (Castanea sativa), one of the rare chestnut formations in Crete, are situated between Elos and Pervolia settlements. Maquis formations with Arbutus unedo and Erica manipuliflora are commom on non-limestone substrate.Olea europea groves occupy a considerable part of the site.

4.2 Quality and importance

The site includes important bird areas such as Koutroulis mount, areas with endemic plant species (Dikaios mount and gorge), important caves (Agia Sofia) with stenoendemic invertebrates (the spider Pholcus creticus is found only in this cave), as well as gorges, running waters and rare plant formations, such as the chestnut groves and the Arbutus unedo maquis.Birds of prey and vultures as Aquila chrysaetos, Gyps fylvus and Gypaetus barbatus breed on Koutroulis mount, while Falco peregrinus, Pernis apivorus and Falco eleonorae live in or pass through the site. The endemic species Centaurea argentea and Centaurea redempta, a rare pant (IUCN 1993) are both protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81) are found on Dikaios mount and at Topolia area. Lathyrus neurolobus, Carex cretica and Campanula cretica (included in section 3.3. by its synonym Symphyandra cretica) are rare endemic species (IUCN, 1993), also protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81), and occur on Elos area. Many greek or cretan endemic plants (listed on 3.3.) are also found on mountain Dikaios and at Topolia gorge (chasmophytic flora). Brassica cretica ssp. cretica is a chasmophyte found only in C. & S. Lebanon out of Greece.The site is also rich in cretan endemic snails (listed on section 3.3), many of them occurring only in westen Crete.Reptile species (listed on section 3.3.) protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81) and by the Bern convention (Annex II & III), as well as bats and the shrew Suncus etruscus, also legally protected and (Greek Law and Bern Convention) and listed on the Red Data Book of Greece, are constant residents, populating many of the smaller caves at Topolia. Finally, Rhinolophus ferrumequinum ssp. creticum, included in section 3.2.c. as Rhinolophus ferrum-equinum, is a subspecies endemic to Crete.The Elos and Pervolia areas are also ecologically important for the rare in southern Greece formations of sweet chestnut groves and woods (Castanea sativa). Arbutus unedo maquis, also rare in southern Greece and Crete, occur in the site.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LD01.01i
LJ01o
MA09i
HF03.01o
MA07o
LE04.01o
LG01.04o
ME01o
MA07i
LG01.04i
LD01.01o
HA04i
HA04o
MA01o
LD01.02o
HF03.01i
LD01.02i
ME01i
LE04.01i
MA01i
LJ01i
MA09o
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LG01.04o
LG01.04i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

1) CORINE Information System. European Environment Agency. CORINE, Biotopes, 1991. 2) Ekonomidou E., 1988. Entopismos kai meleti ton ygroviotopon kai allon simantikon gia tin ornithopanida viotopon tis Kritis (Location and study of wetlands and of other important for Avifauna biotopes of Crete). Final Report. Volume 1. Patras University - Ministry of Environment, Physical Planning and Public Works.T 3) Grimmet R.F.A. & Jones, (Compilers) 1989 : Important Bird Areas in Europe (ICBP), Technical publication no 9. 4) Hellenic Ornithological Society, 1994 : Simantikes Periohes gia ta Poulia tis Elladas 5) Karandeinos, M. (ed.). 1992. To Kokkino Vivlio ton apeiloumenon spondylozoon tis Elladas (The Red Data Book of threatened vertebrates of Greece). Hellen. Zool. Soc. & Hellen. Orn. Soc. p. 373. 6) Kypriotakis, Z. : unpublished data. 7) Legakis A. (Editor), 1995 : Apeiloumena, Prostateyomena kai Endimika eidi Zoon tis Eladas. Zoologiko Mouseio, Tm. Viologias, Pan. Athinon. 8) Martens, J. 1967 : Plecotus austriacus (Fischer) auf Kreta mit Bermerkumgen zu weiteren Arten (Mammalia, Chiroptera). Bonn.zool.Beitr. 18(3-4) : 253-362 9) Pieper H., 1976 : Zur Verbreitung einiger Kleinsaeuger auf Kreta. Z.Saeugetierk. 41 : 274-277. 10) Pieper H., 1977 : Fledermaeuse aus Schleiereulen-Gewoellen von der Insel Kreta. Z.Saeugetierk. 42(1) : 7-12. 11) Senglet, A. 1971 : Notes sur les Pholcidae (Arachn.) de Grece. Mitt.schweiz.ent.Ges. 44(3-4) : 345-359. 12) Turland N.J., Chilton L. & Press J.R., 1993 : Flora of the Cretan area. The Natural History Museum, London : HMSO. 13) Valakos, E. Unpublished data. 14) Vardinoyannis K., 1994. Biogeografia ton cherseon malakion sto notio nisiotiko aigaiako toxo (Biogeography of land snails in the south Aegean arc). Ph.D. Thesis. Univerity of Athens. 15) Wettstein O. 1953 : Herpetologia aegaea. Sber.oest. Akad. Wiss. math.- naturw. Kl.Ab. I 162(9-10) : 651-833. 16) Georghiou K. 1995. Checklist of Endemic, Rare and Threatened Plants of Greece. Draft. University of Athens. (3.3, 3.4, 4.2) 17) Natural History Museum of Crete, Conservation of Gypaetus barbatus in Asfendou-Kallikratis (under evaluation)

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code

Cover [%]

Code

Cover [%]

Code

Cover [%]

GR957.43

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:


designated at national or regional level:

Type code

Site name

Type

Cover [%]

IN06Oros Koutroulis, Oros Agios Dikaios kai Oropedio Modia-0.00
GR95Agiou Dikaiou - Vitsinias kai Elafonisou Dimon Inachoriou ka*7.43

designated at international level:

Type

Site name

Type

Cover [%]

Other Oros Koutroulis, Oros Agios Dikaios kai Oropedio Modia-0.00
Agiou Dikaiou - Vitsinias kai Elafonisou Dimon Inachoriou ka*7.43

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:FOREST DIRECTORATE OF CHANIA
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:
Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

Management plan for mountainous area of Ag. Diakiou of Innachorion Municipality (ref. no 1255/22-7-04). Management of tree felling.

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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