Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR4340004

1.3 Site name

ELOS - TOPOLIA - SASALOS - AGIOS DIKAIOS

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-04

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1997-04
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:23.650833
Latitude:35.377222

2.2 Area [ha]

7419.7800

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR43Kriti

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
3250  info      0.244404  0.00 
3290  info      0.00         
5420  info      3515.2  0.00 
6220  info  X     29.3751  0.00 
6420  info      6.44369  0.00 
8210  info      69.911  0.00 
8220  info      0.00         
9260  info      59.4343  0.00 
92C0  info      219.616  0.00 
92D0  info      4.66801  0.00 
9310  info      2.87131  0.00 
9340  info      1368.36  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N060.99
N0847.43
N090.10
N100.16
N1518.60
N166.14
N1825.26
N220.99
N230.33

Total Habitat Cover

99.99999999999998

Other Site Characteristics

The site (West Crete), is a mountainous area, begining at Topolia on the north, and ending just below the top of Dikaios mount (1008 m) on the south and it is delimited by Koutroulis mount (1071 m) and by the peak of Psilo Kefali mount (901 m) on the western side, while Sassalos & Milonou settlements are the east side borders. This area includes Topolia gorge, with Tiflos river, originating at Dikaios mt. and streamig down through the gorge); the north side and the summit of Dikaios mount, the east side and the summit of Koutroulis mount and the lower mountains of Psilo Kefali, Oxo Koproula (695 m), Vitsilangos (683 m) and Sellakia (573 m). The well known cave of Agia Sofia is also in the area.The mountainous vegetation is mainly phryganic, dominated by the shrubby perennials Sarcopoterium spinosum, Coridothymus capitatus, Calicotome villosa and Cistus creticus. There are also shrub and tree formations of Pistacia lentiscus and Ceratonia siliqua. Chestnut groves (Castanea sativa), one of the rare chestnut formations in Crete, are situated between Elos and Pervolia settlements. Maquis formations with Arbutus unedo and Erica manipuliflora are commom on non-limestone substrate.Olea europea groves occupy a considerable part of the site.

4.2 Quality and importance

The site includes important bird areas such as Koutroulis mount, areas with endemic plant species (Dikaios mount and gorge), important caves (Agia Sofia) with stenoendemic invertebrates (the spider Pholcus creticus is found only in this cave), as well as gorges, running waters and rare plant formations, such as the chestnut groves and the Arbutus unedo maquis. Many greek or cretan endemic plants (listed on 3.3.) are also found on mountain Dikaios and at Topolia gorge (chasmophytic flora). The site is also rich in cretan endemic snails (listed on section 3.3), many of them occurring only in western Crete.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01i
MA01o
HA04o
MA07o
MA07i
MA09i
MA09o
LD01.01i
LD01.01o
LD01.02i
LD01.02o
ME01i
ME01o
LE04.01i
LE04.01o
HF03.01o
HF03.01i
LG01.04o
LG01.04i
LJ01o
LJ01i
LUb
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LG01.04o
LG01.04i
LUb

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR957.43

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Agiou Dikaiou - Vitsinias kai Elafonisou Dimon Inachoriou kai Pelekanon*7.43

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Agiou Dikaiou - Vitsinias kai Elafonisou Dimon Inachoriou kai Pelekanon*7.43

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:FOREST DIRECTORATE OF CHANIA
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY