Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR4340005

1.3 Site name

ORMOS SOUGIAS - VARDIA - FARANGI LISSOU MECHRI ANYDROUS KAI PARAKTIA ZONI

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-03

1.5 Update date

2009-05

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1997-04
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:23.763611
Latitude:35.253611

2.2 Area [ha]

3039.8700

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR43Kriti

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1120  info      0.00   
1170  info      0.00   
1240  info      0.00   
3290  info      0.00         
5210  info      0.00   
5420  info      0.00   
8210  info      0.00   
8310  info      0.00   
8330  info      0.00   
92D0  info      0.00   
9320  info      0.00   
9340  info      0.00   
9540  info      0.00   
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
R1222Mauremys caspica           
M1366Monachus monachus       
P1685Origanum dictamnus           
M1306Rhinolophus blasii                 
M1304Rhinolophus ferrum-equinum           
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Allium rubrovittatum                   
Asperula rigida                   
Campanula creutzburgii                   
Campanula laciniata                   
Campanula saxatilis ssp. saxatilis                   
Centaurea argentea                   
Centaurea idaea                   
1274Chalcides ocellatus                   
Coluber gemonensis                   
Cyclamen creticum                   
Ebenus cretica                   
Filago cretensis ssp. cretensis                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
Inula candida ssp. candida                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
Petromarula pinnata                   
Ranunculus creticus                   
Scutellaria sieberi                   
Sedum creticum                   
Sedum praesidis                   
Staehelina fruticosa                   
Suncus etruscus                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
Valeriana asarifolia                   
Verbascum arcturus                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0111.55
N040.23
N052.10
N061.00
N0852.46
N153.22
N160.10
N1716.46
N1812.46
N220.42

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The site is located at the southern coast of western Crete from where it extends towards the interior for up to 6 km. In the west, the stream Dihalomata stretches from the coastline up to the village of Anydroi where it meets the road. The latter continues further towards the north thus comprising the western border of the site. In the east, the limit is once again the road that starts from the village of Sougia and continues northwards. Finally, the stream Kamariano and the sea constitute the natural borders of the site on the north and on the south, respectively. The marine component of the site, in the Libyan Sea, includes reefs and extended underwater meadows of Posidonia oceanica. Except for two small areas on the eastern and western ends where the beach is sandy, the rest of the extended coast consists of rocks and steep cliffs; a natural refuge for many rare and endemic flora species. The presence of marine caves in this coastal zone is also characteristic. Pinus brutia woods and Juniperus phoenicea arborescent matorral are found in the inner zone together with an evergreen sclerophyllous scrub dominated by Ceratonia siliqua and Olea europaea. There is also a part with homogeneous vegetation of tall Erica manipuliflora, usually on dry soils on slopes (a habitat type not included in Annex I). The site includes a fair number of springs, streams and gorge-beds with characteristic vegetation. Platanus orientalis forms narrow galleries and small groves along watercourses and by springs, frequently with an undergrowth of the exotic-looking shrub Nerium oleander. The shrubby Vitex agnus-castus is similarly hygrophilous, occuring along the banks of streams, usually close to the sea. The inland rocks, mobile screes and limestone pavements are another important element of the landscape. Physical features such as very steep slopes of smooth rock, calcareous rocky debris, ledges and fine crevices combined with the harsh climatic conditions contribute to the refuge status and the high level of relict endemism in these habitats. Finally, on small patches of bare ground or in the understorey of P. brutia stands and olive groves numerous geophytes find a niche, including several endemic orchids.

4.2 Quality and importance

The ecological quality of the area derives from the following elements:1) the plenitude of habitat types2) the large number of endemics and local endemics of the especially rich flora3) the presence of important orchid sites4) the presence of fauna species protected by international conventions5) the Byzantine site of Lissos representing the cultural element of the siteOTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES WITH MOTIVATION D:Invertebrates: Erinaceus concolor nesiotes is protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/1981).Plants: Lamyropsis cynaroides is considered rare in Greece and Europe (IUCN Red Data List) while Ranunculus creticus is considered rare in Greece, Europe and the world (IUCN Red Data List).NOTE: Rhinolophus ferrumequinum ssp. creticum included in section 3.2.c. as Rhinolophus ferrum-equinum, is a subspecies endemic to Crete.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LL09i
LF03.01o
MA07i
LL09o
HA04o
LF03.02i
LE01.02i
HA04i
LG01.04i
LE03.01i
LF03.01i
MA08i
LF04i
LG01.02i
LF02.03i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LF02.03i
LG01.02i
MA08i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

1) [3.2.d., 3.3.] 1) Chondropoulos B.P. 1989. A checklist of Greek reptiles. II. The snakes. Herpetozoa 2(1/2): 3-36. [3.3., 4.3.] 2) Ministry of Environment Physical Planning and Public Works. 1990. (Work Team: A. Legakis et al). Erevnitiko programma. Meleti ton akton tis kritis pou parousiazoun oikologikes diatarahes (Research Programme. Study of the coasts of Kriti that present ecological disturbances). Dept. of Biology. University of Crete, p. 228. [3.2.g., 3.3.] 3) Turland N.J., L. Chilton and J.R. Press. 1993. Flora of the Cretan Area. Annotated Checklist & Atlas. The Natural History Museum, London, p.439. [3.2.d., 3.3.] 4) Wettstein O.v. 1953. Herpetologia aegaea. Sitz.-ber. Oesterr. Akad. Wiss. Wien 162: 651-833. [3.3.] 5) Zoological Museum, Department of Biology, University of Athens. 1995. Apeiloumena, prostatevomena kai endimika eidi zoon tis Elladas (Threatened, protected and endemic animal species of Greece). A. Legakis (ed). Athens, p.35. 6) Helelnic Society for the Study and Protection of the Monk Seal (HSSPMS). 1995. Information and rescue network in Greece. (3.2.c) 7) Helelnic Society for the Study and Protection of the Monk Seal (HSSPMS). 1994. Continuation of establishment of a rescue network for orphan, wounded and sick seals and gathering of seal observations from the whole Greece. Function of the seal treatment and rehabilitation center in Alonnisos. Final Report. EU Contract No 4-3010 (92)7829, p 112. (3.2.c) 8) Georghiou K. 1995. Checklist of Endemic, Rare and Threatened Plants of Greece. Draft. University of Athens. (3.3, 3.4, 4.2) 9) Martens J. 1967: Plecotus austriacus (Fischer) auf Kreta; mit Bemerkungen zu weiteren Arten (Mammalia, Chiroptera)o Bonn. Æïïl. Beitro 18: 253-2570

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR00100.00

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:PREFECTURE OF CHANIA, FOREST DIRECTORATE OF CHANIA
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

Management of tree felling.

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY