Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR4340007

1.3 Site name

FARANGI THERISSOU

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-01

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1997-04
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:23.988056
Latitude:35.425556

2.2 Area [ha]

491.8100

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR43Kriti

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
3290  info      0.00         
5330  info      9.14263  0.00 
5420  info      285.482  0.00 
6220  info  X     0.497333  0.00 
8210  info      29.9785  0.00 
92C0  info      19.5277  0.00 
92D0  info      7.57711  0.00 
9320  info      48.0717  0.00 
9340  info      39.5838  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
R1293Elaphe situla           
P1685Origanum dictamnus    47500  95000   
M1306Rhinolophus blasii                 
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum                 
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros                 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Allium dilatatum                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
Centaurea argentea                   
1274Chalcides ocellatus                   
1274Chalcides ocellatus                   
1274Chalcides ocellatus                   
Crocidura zimmermanni                   
Crocidura zimmermanni                   
Crocidura zimmermanni                   
Cyclamen creticum                   
Ebenus cretica                   
Erysimum raulinii                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
5669Hierophis gemonensis                   
5669Hierophis gemonensis                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
Inula candida ssp. candida                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
Lactuca acanthifolia                   
Onosma graeca                   
Petromarula pinnata                   
5375Podarcis cretensis                   
5375Podarcis cretensis                   
5375Podarcis cretensis                   
Ranunculus creticus                   
Scutellaria sieberi                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
Verbascum arcturus                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N060.99
N086.48
N151.88
N1610.12
N1866.77
N2213.76

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

Therissos gorge is located about 6 km south of the town of Chania, between the villages Perivolia and Therissos. Along the canyon there is a road joining Chania with the mountain Lefka Ori. Its width varies from 15 to 250 m and its length is about 9 km. A small valley is formed at the broadest area, at the entrance of the canyon which is cultivated with woody plants (orchards and vineyards). The rest of the site is characterized by cliffs, chasms, and screes, with a variety of endemic plants. Along the stream there are groups of Platanus orientalis and Nerium oleander. Around the gorge there are phrygana in a good condition and caves not open to the public. There is also a small cypress forest near the village of Therissos.NOTES9320 is used to describe Oleo-Ceratonia matorral (not forest).

4.2 Quality and importance

The quality and importance of Therissos gorge is comprised of the following elements: 1) It is of great aesthetic value. 2) It is easy to approach, due to its location near the town of Chania and the existence of the road, running along it. 3) There is a variety of sufficiently conserved habitats within a small area. 4) Its flora is rich in common and endemic species; the latter are of great interest and most of them are rare or threatened and protected at international (Bern Convention) or national (Presidential Decree 67/81) level. The non-endemic Ranunculus creticus is included in the IUCN Red Data List (1993) in the category of threatened plants characterized as "rare" and they is protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81). Other important species are: Lactuca acanthifolia (= Scariola acanthifolia) is found in Ydra, Cyclades, East Aegean Islands andonly in SW Turkey out of Greece. The species Onosma graeca is found ionly in NW Anatolia, out of Greece. 5) The rarity of the snake Elaphe situla (which islisted in the Annex II of the Council Ditective 92/43/EEC) which lives in the site together with the fact that Crete is the southernmost limit of this species distribution, make its preservation very important for the fauna of the island.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA01i
MA01o
MA04o
HA04i
MA04.01.02b
MA04.01.04b
LA07i
MA07o
MA08o
LA08i
MA09o
LA09i
LD01.01i
LD01.01o
LD01.02i
LD01.02o
LD02.01o
ME01.02o
LE03.01i
MF03.01o
MF03.01i
LF03.02o
LF03.02i
LF04o
LF04i
LG01.04i
LG01.04o
LG04.01i
HI03.01b
LJ01i
MK01.01i
MK01.01o
MK03.01b
ML09o
ML09i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA01i
LD01.01o
LD02.01o
LG01.04o
LG01.04i
LUb

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR00100.00

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:FOREST DIRECTORATE OF CHANIA
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY