Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR4340008

1.3 Site name

LEFKA ORI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-03

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1997-04
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:24.009694
Latitude:38.158430

2.2 Area [ha]

55846.7500

2.3 Marine area [%]

3.3500

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR43Kriti

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1120  info  X     0.00   
1150  info  X     0.770716  0.00 
1170  info      0.00   
1240  info      0.610311  0.00 
1310  info      0.0371182  0.00 
2230  info      1.88973  0.00 
3170  info  X     0.617871  0.00 
3290  info      0.00         
4090  info      17793.7  0.00 
5420  info      5996.42  0.00 
5430  info      2301.96  0.00 
6220  info  X     0.589642  0.00 
8140  info      188.916  0.00 
8210  info      0.260295  0.00 
8330  info      0.00   
9290  info      14303.5  0.00 
92C0  info      43.2301  0.00 
92D0  info      28.8455  0.00 
9320  info      29.9621  0.00 
9540  info      8972.58  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N012.76
N060.01
N0845.94
N100.01
N1750.15
N181.12
N220.01

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The site has a very variable geomorphological profile. There are 50 summits over 2000 m It is characterized by a number of gorges (approximately 20) of which the gorge of Samaria is the most characteristic. There is also a great number of ravines, caves, dolines, potholes, poljes, and plateaus forming a sequence of different habitats from 0 m to 2453 m.The dolines are of special interest; the wet dolines are characterized by scanty vegetation of annuals common in other places but rare in Crete while the dry dolines are characterized by dense vegetation and, in Lefka Ori, by the occurence of Hypericum kelleri, specialized in this type of habitat and endemic to the Cretan mountains. The largest cypress forest in Crete (and one of the last remaining) as well as extended pine forests are found at the borders of the site. A small percentage of the area is covered by tall kermes oak formations. The coastal part is characterized by calcareous escrapments. The tallest ones (200 to 500 m), termed as plurizonal megacliffs, have several climatic and vegetation belts. The mosaic vegetation is intensified by the existence of karstic ravines that support a luxuriant and frutescent cliff vegetation (karst rockbush). Samaria ravine is the largest coastal ravine of the Balkans with a depth of more than 500 m. The marine part, is characterized by Posidonia beds, reefs and sea caves. Very few local communities, mostly coastal, and a very sparse network of secondary roads at the margins of the site are the only visible signs of human presence at the area. As a general remark we must stress the fact that the available Annex I habitat types are insufficient and/or inadequate for the proper description of the site.

4.2 Quality and importance

The described site is of utmost importance. It includes a great variety of very important habitats that host a great number of species of flora and fauna, a large proportion of which are endemics or even stenoendemics, restricted to the site. Most characteristic and indicative of the site's quality is the gorge of Samaria, that, in addition to being a Special Protection Area (SPA) for birds, it has been declared National Park since 1962, has been designated as a Biosphere reserve, and has also been awarded the European Diploma of the Council of Europe; besides, it is protected by the Barcelona Convention. An essential element of the site's importance, coupling its potential for bioversity, is that it is a vast area with low human impact including many important biotic and non-biotic natural elements, whose true value we are not yet fully aware of. The great morphological complexity combined with the above give a high aesthetic result. The need of a global management plan is urgent if the site's invaluable elements are to be preserved. A more analytical description and demonstration of the importance of the fauna and flora, proving the site's value for biodiversity, is given below: OTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES WITH MOTIVATION D. Plants: The endemic species Euphorbia-sultan-hasei is protected by the Presidential Decree 67/81 and is included in the IUCN Red Data List in the category of threatened plants at the level of Greece. C. Colchicum macrophyllum, Tulipa saxatilis are protected by the Presidential Decree 67/81. Cotoneaster nummularia (vulnerable), Ranunculus creticus (rare) is protected by the Presidential Decree 67/81 and is included in the IUCN Red Data List in the category of threatened plants at the level of Greece. The following Mediterranean species have been considered important: Allium callimischon ssp. haemostictum occurs only in Crete and SW Turkey; Arum creticum are species occurring in Crete, the East Aegean and SW Turkey; Viola rauliniana W & C Crete and in Cyprus. Myosotis refracta ssp. Paucipilosa is a species scattered in Greece (Lefka Ori, Nafpaktos, Boumistos, Samos) and S Anatolia; Thymus leucotrichus is a species of the mountains of Greece and Anatolia; Amelanchier ovalis ssp. Cretica occurs only in Sicily out of Greece; Lamium garganicum ssp. Striatum is a balkan endemic. Animals: The species Glis glis is included in the Directive 92/43/EEC as species of community interest.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA04i
HA04o
LC01.01i
LC01.01.02i
MD01.02i
HD05i
LE03.01i
HF03.01o
HF03.02.03i
HF06i
LG01.01i
HG02.06i
MI03.02i
MK01.01i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MG01.04i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR058.90
GR2471.90
GR9513.11
IN018.90
IN028.90
IN038.90
IN048.90

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR24Prostateftiko dasos oreinou ogkou Lefkon Oreon nomou Chanion*71.90
GR05Samaria+8.90
GR95Lefka Ori Anatolikou Selinou kai Sfakion*13.11

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Prostateftiko dasos oreinou ogkou Lefkon Oreon nomou Chanion*71.90
Samaria+8.90
Lefka Ori Anatolikou Selinou kai Sfakion*13.11

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:1. FOREST DIRECTORATE OF CHANIA, 2. MANAGEMENT BODY OF "ETHNIKOS DRYMOS SAMARIAS"
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

Management plan for the National Forest Park - 1996. Management plan for the microreserve of Cephalanthera cucullata, Hypericum aciferum, Nepeta sphaciotica. Management of tree felling.

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY