Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR4340010

1.3 Site name

DRAPANO (VOREIOANATOLIKES AKTES) – PARALIA GEORGIOUPOLIS – LIMNI KOURNA - SPILAIO PSIMAKI

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-04

1.5 Update date

2016-12
Date site proposed as SCI:1996-08
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:24.280597
Latitude:37.605044

2.2 Area [ha]

4949.8400

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR43Kriti

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1130  info      0.0413685  0.00 
1160  info      0.00           
1240  info      33.547  0.00 
1310  info      0.30621  0.00 
2110  info      27.6579  0.00 
2120  info      0.495898  0.00 
2220  info      1.22102  0.00 
2230  info      0.0846574  0.00 
3250  info      2.84642  0.00 
3290  info      0.00         
5230  info  X     0.948479  0.00 
5310  info      7.48401  0.00 
5330  info      506.815  0.00 
5420  info      855.876  0.00 
6220  info  X     4.43132  0.00 
6420  info      9.69504  0.00 
8210  info      45.4832  0.00 
92C0  info      29.9892  0.00 
92D0  info      14.41  0.00 
9310  info      78.0415  0.00 
9320  info      35.9263  0.00 
9340  info      50.7296  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
R1227Chelonia mydas                   
R1293Elaphe situla           
R2373Mauremys rivulata           
M1310Miniopterus schreibersii    700  1000     
M1307Myotis blythii                 
M1307Myotis blythii    700  1000     
M1316Myotis capaccinii                 
M1316Myotis capaccinii    50  100     
P1896Phoenix theophrasti    19  19   
M1306Rhinolophus blasii    50     
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum    50  100     
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros    50     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
Centaurea idaea                   
1274Chalcides ocellatus                   
1274Chalcides ocellatus                   
1274Chalcides ocellatus                   
Colchicum macrophyllum                   
1327Eptesicus serotinus                   
1327Eptesicus serotinus                   
1327Eptesicus serotinus                   
Filago cretensis ssp. cretensis                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
5669Hierophis gemonensis                   
5669Hierophis gemonensis                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
Lactuca acanthifolia                   
1292Natrix tessellata                   
1292Natrix tessellata                   
1292Natrix tessellata                   
Petromarula pinnata                   
5253Pipistrellus hanaki                   
5253Pipistrellus hanaki                   
5253Pipistrellus hanaki                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii    10  500             
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii    10  500             
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii    10  500             
1317Pipistrellus nathusii                   
1317Pipistrellus nathusii                   
1317Pipistrellus nathusii                   
5375Podarcis cretensis                   
5375Podarcis cretensis                   
5375Podarcis cretensis                   
5361Rana cretensis                   
5361Rana cretensis                   
5361Rana cretensis                   
Sedum praesidis                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
Verbascum spinosum                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N020.01
N040.25
N060.18
N0832.87
N100.08
N1564.98
N160.60
N180.41
N220.62

Total Habitat Cover

100.00000000000001

Other Site Characteristics

The site includes the eastern part of Drapano Cape, the western part of the coastline of Almyros bay, including Almyros estuary and the area of Georgioupolis, and, towards the interior, Kournas lake.The hydrological system supplies and maintains a great peripheral area of humid land, which, especially around Almyros estuary, is mixed either with cultivations or with land which used to be cultivated in the past. At the estuary there are Phragmites australis reed beds (a habitat type not included in Annex I, with Corine 91 code 53.1).Another feature of the site is the big number of underground cold springs which continuously supply with water Kournas lake and the freshwater habitats around Georgioupolis village, in particular: the last part of Almyros stream (close to the estuary), the delta of the stream and the estuary (the upper part of the channel of Almyros stream is dry during the summer months). At the lake-shore the vegetation is characterized by Vitex-agnus castus, Ulmus minor ssp. canescens and other hygrophilous species formations.Regarding the coastal area in the north and north-east of the village of Georgioupolis, it includes an extended sandy beach, with Ammophila arenaria sand dunes. The beach is covered in places by a hard, muddy layer.On the rocky east side of Drapano there is a fair cover of tree-spurge (Euphorbia dendroides) formations.NOTESThe habitat of the constantly flowing mediterranean river with gravel bank (usually pebbles) and common perennials (not included in Annex I) covers less than 1% of the site and has good representativity, good conservation and good global value.

4.2 Quality and importance

The lake of Kournas is the only natural freshwater lake in Crete. The whole freshwater system, including the lake, the marshes and Almyros stream and estuary in Georgioupolis, is one of the most important in the east Mediterranean region. Drapano peninsula is also a quite important undisturbed area, which has to be protected. The value of this site lies on: 1) It is important for migratory birds. 2) Its fauna is quite rich, hosting endemic inertebrates, legally protected amphibian and reptile species (and endemic subspecies) as well as protected mammals. Caretta caretta, a priority species of Annex II, is present in the site, although the combination of hardened muddy sand and of the increased freshwater concentration in the sea near the estuary do not create a "friendly environment for the tortoise. OTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES WITH MOTIVATION D Plants: Colchicum macrophyllum is protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81).Cave Psimaki: Hosts six bat species of Annex II of the Directive 92/43 (700 Miniopterus schreibersii, 700 Myotis blythii, 50 Myotis capaccinii, 50 Rhinolophus ferrumequinum, Rhinolophus hipposideros, Rhinolophus blasii) and is among the 15 major bat colonies in Greece.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01i
HA02.01I
MA04i
MA07I
MA08i
HA09i
LD01.02i
MD03.03b
ME01i
ME01.02I
ME01.03b
ME06.01I
ME06.02I
MF02.01.02b
MF02.03.03b
MF03.02.01i
MF03.02.05b
MF05.01b
MF05.05b
MG01.01.01b
MG01.04.02i
MG01.04.03b
MG01.04.03i
LG02.07i
MG05.04i
MG05.07i
MH01b
LH01i
MH03.01b
MI01i
ML05b
MM01.07b
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LUb

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR956.87

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Limni Kourna Dimou Georgioupolis*6.87

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Limni Kourna Dimou Georgioupolis*6.87

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY