Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR4340012

1.3 Site name

ASFENDOU - KALLIKRATIS KAI PARAKTIA ZONI

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-03

1.5 Update date

2009-05

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1997-04
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:24.278333
Latitude:35.205833

2.2 Area [ha]

14022.5400

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR43Kriti
GR43Kriti

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1120  info      0.00   
1170  info      0.00   
1210  info      0.00   
1240  info      0.00   
1310  info      0.00   
2110  info      0.00   
3290  info      0.00         
5420  info      0.00   
5430  info      0.00   
6220  info      0.00   
6420  info      0.00   
8140  info      0.00   
8210  info      0.00   
8220  info      0.00   
8310  info      0.00   
92C0  info      0.00   
92D0  info      0.00   
9320  info      0.00   
9370  info      0.00   
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
R1293Elaphe situla                 
M1366Monachus monachus                 
P1685Origanum dictamnus           
P1896Phoenix theophrasti                 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Allium rubrovittatum                   
Alyssoides cretica                   
Centaurea idaea                   
Centaurea poculatoris                   
Crepis auriculifolia                   
Cyclamen creticum                   
Petromarula pinnata                   
Ranunculus asiaticus                   
Scutellaria sieberi                   
Serapias lingua                   
Valeriana asarifolia                   
Verbascum arcturus                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0112.80
N030.01
N040.01
N050.01
N060.01
N0873.16
N090.08
N100.01
N152.66
N160.31
N188.69
N221.56
N230.69

Total Habitat Cover

100.00000000000001

Other Site Characteristics

The site has a complex geomorphological structure. Gorges, ravines, caves, dolines, pot holes, poljes, and plateaus, mostly at the higher altitudes, combined with low human activity have resulted in the creation and maintainance of very important natural habitats. The lowland part of the site consists of a plateau, with cultures and phrygana, and of a number of beaches, where increasing tourism activities take place. A natural spring at Argyroupolis and an extended oak forest are two of the habitats that are in urgent need of protection.The presence of Phragmittes formations (CORINE 1991 code 53.11), a habitat type not included in Annex I and covering a small percentage of the area, should be noted. Finally, the marine part of the site includes posidonia beds, reefs, and sea caves. As a general remark we must stress the fact that the available Annex I habitat types are insufficient and/or inadequate for the proper description of the site.

4.2 Quality and importance

However poor our knowledge about the site is, the little existing data give us a hint about its high biodiversity. There are well structured habitat types which are considered important for conservation. Such are the oak-wood formations; the fact that they are not included in Annex I habitat types makes the exact characterization and evaluation of the site in terms of biological importance problematic. Phragmites formations consitute another habitat type, again not covered by Annex I, but important for the fauna, especially the birds. Out of the endemic molluscs listed in section 3.3., only Vitrea clessini is found outside Crete; the rest are Cretan endemics. Besides The area also hosts several endemic plants, some of them Cretan endemics, besides Centaurea poculatoris, which is endemic to the site. The construction of secondary roads and the resulting easier accessibility will have a twofold effect: the increase of both the impact of human activities and of our knowledge about the site. Many habitats of high importance such as oak forests, ravines, and caves (one of them with early neolithic drawings) urge for further investigation. These data would be indispensable for a management plan, the lack of which is a serious problem. At the lower parts of the site, whose natural beauty has brought about expanding tourism activities, there is also need of a planned development. The springs of Argyroupolis, from which the town of Rethymnon is provided with water, constitute a case needing special consideration. OTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES WITH MOTIVATION D Plants: The species Centaurea poculatoris, Petrorhagia dianthoides, Sanguisorba cretica, Ferulago thyrsiflora, Centaurea redempta are protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81) and are included in the category of threatened species, at the level of Greece, of Europe and of the World in the IUCN Red Data List.Asperula idaea is protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81). Lamyropsis cynaroides is included in the IUCN Red Data List (1993) in the category of threatened plants characterized as rare.Serapias lingua is protected by the CITES Convention (Annex C).Ranunculus asiaticus is an East Mediterranean endemic, occurring in Crete and Aegean in Greece, otherwise in Egypt, Libya, Egypt, Sinai, SW Asia.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MF03.02.03i
HA04o
MG01.01i
HA04i
ME01.02i
LC01.01.02i
MF03.02.03o
ME03.01i
HF06i
MD01.02i
HF06o
LA01i
HD05i
LC01.01i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA01i
MG01.04i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

1) Kypriotakis Z. Unpublished data. (3.2.g) 2) Vardinoyannis K., 1994. Biogeografia ton cherseon malakion sto notio nisiotiko aigaiako toxo (Biogeography of land snails in the south Aegean arc). Ph.D. Thesis. Univerity of Athens. 3) Georghiou K. 1995. Checklist of Endemic, Rare and Threatened Plants of Greece. Draft. University of Athens. (3.3, 3.4, 4.2) 4) Morgan V & C. Leon. 1992. Datasheets of Flora species for revision of Appendix I of the Bern Convention. Volume IV. endemic taxa of Cyprus, Greece and Turkey Nature and environment. Nature and Envrionment. No 63 p. 106. Council of Europe, Publishing and Documentaion Service, Strasbourg. (3.2.g.) 5) Natural History Museum of Crete, Conservation of Gypaetus barbatus in Asfendou-Kallikratis (under evaluation)

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR247.46
GR9519.87

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
IN06Oros Kryoneritis-0.00
GR24Prostateftiko dasos periochis koryfon Asfendou - Kallikrati*7.46
GR95Perisynaki - Agriokefala - Manika Dimou Sfakion*19.87

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Oros Kryoneritis-0.00
Prostateftiko dasos periochis koryfon Asfendou - Kallikrati*7.46
Perisynaki - Agriokefala - Manika Dimou Sfakion*19.87

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:PERFECTURE OF CHANIA, PERFECTURE OF RETHYMNO
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

Management of tree felling

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY