Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR4340013

1.3 Site name

NISOI GAVDOS KAI GAVDOPOULA

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-03

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1996-08
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:24.079444
Latitude:34.846944

2.2 Area [ha]

6290.5700

2.3 Marine area [%]

45.1200

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR43Kriti

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1240  info      165.623  0.00 
1310  info      3.34581  0.00 
1430  info      1.08178  0.00 
2110  info      9.74302  0.00 
2250  info  X     110.431  0.00 
3170  info  X     4.43869  0.00 
3290  info      0.00         
5210  info      1525.88  0.00 
5330  info      0.781774  0.00 
5420  info      424.495  0.00 
6220  info  X     0.530977  0.00 
92D0  info      0.191058  0.00 
9540  info      933.559  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0145.15
N030.08
N042.34
N057.49
N060.06
N0832.35
N090.08
N151.71
N160.11
N1710.63

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

This site includes two satellite islands of Crete, Gavdos and Gavdopoula. They are found 21 miles south of the southwest Cretan coast. The island of Gavdos is the largest of the two, with an area of 29.58km2 and maximum altitude 362m. Gavdopoula lies 3 miles northwest of Gavdos with an area of 2.62km2 and maximum altitude 113m. Geologically the two islands consist of limestone of upper Cretaceous (Pindos zone). Also on the island of Gavdos there are metamorphosed rocks. In Gavdos there are extensive neogene deposits with marine fossils. In the east side, between the settlements Karave and Kastri, there are also late Pleistocene deposits (psammitic) with well conserved land snail fossils. The vegetation on Gavdos island is maquis (Juniperus), wood (Pinus) and phrygana while on Gavdopoula Isl. the vegetation is mainly phrygana and very few clusters of Pistaccia. Cultivations are degrading while the Pine wood is spreading. On the north side there are extended sand dunes with Juniperus. On the south cape of Gavdos Isl. there is a salt marsh. Though the island is not high, there are a lot of valleys and temporary streams. In the north side, near Ag.Georgios, there is a spring with permanently running water and with typical aquatic vegetation (hydrophillous plants). Human presence on the islands dates back to Neolithic times. Today only the larger island is inhabited. There are less than 50 people dispersed all over Gavdos. On the island of Gavdopoula, which today is uninhabited, only grazing takes place. Transportation with Crete is by boats that travel from Palaiochora to Karave where there is a small port . During the last years there has been an increase in tourism and as a consequence more and more buildings are built without any planning whatsoever, especially near the port Karave and the sand beach Sarakiniko.

4.2 Quality and importance

The islands are quite important due to their position and history. Regarding their floristic synthesis the islands are one of the most important sites in Europe since a proportionally high number of African species are found here. Artemisia herba alba is a desert plant that is found in Africa; Known only from Spain just reaching SW France in Europe, widespread though from N Africa through Middle-East to Iran. It is an Iran-Turanian element but in Gavdos it is probably best considered an S. Mediterranean xerophytic element (Greuter et al., 1984). Filago aegaea ssp. aristata is a plant with distribution in S & E Aegean, Ionian Islands, Kriti and Cyprus. Periploca angustifolia is found only on Chrysi and Gavdos in Greece; in Europe is is found also in Spain, Sicily and Malta, otherwise in N. Africa. Ranunculus asiaticus is an East Mediterranean endemic, occurring in Crete and Aegean in Greece, otherwise in Egypt, Libya, Egypt, Sinai, SW Asia. Teucrium brevifolium is found in Anatolia, Egypt and Libya out of Greece. Tulipa saxatilis, which is protected by Greek law (Presidential Decree 67/81), is an Aegean endemic and it is also found on these islands. Callitriche pulchra which is normally found in Libya has its northern limit on these islands (it is found nowhere else in Greece or Europe). Most of the plant species that are mentioned in section of "other important species of flora and fauna" can be found on other greek islands or even the mainland. The common characteristic of many of these african or asiatic species is that the Aegean and in a lesser extent the greek mainland are their only presence in Europe.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA01i
MA04i
MD03.03b
ME01.03b
LE01.03i
MF02.01.02b
HF02.01.02o
HF02.02.02o
MF02.03.03b
MF03.01i
MF03.02.05b
MF05.01b
MF05.05b
HF06i
MG01.01.01b
MG01.04.03b
MH01b
MH03.01b
ML05b
MM01.07b
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA01i
LE01.03i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR00100.00

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY