Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type1.2 Site code
AGR4340016

1.3 Site name

METERIZIA AGIOS DIKAIOS - TSOUNARA - VITSILIA LEFKON OREON
1.4 First Compilation date1.5 Update date
1996-012009-05

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:1997-02
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/1-9-2012 (OJ 1495 B)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude

23.606667

Latitude

35.330556

2.2 Area [ha]:

2.3 Marine area [%]

6875.01000.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code

Region Name

GR43Kriti

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA085Accipiter gentilis           
BA086Accipiter nisus           
BA086Accipiter nisus           
BA295Acrocephalus schoenobaenus           
BA247Alauda arvensis           
BA247Alauda arvensis           
BA229Alcedo atthis                 
BA255Anthus campestris           
BA255Anthus campestris           
BA257Anthus pratensis           
BA257Anthus pratensis           
BA259Anthus spinoletta           
BA256Anthus trivialis           
BA256Anthus trivialis           
BA226Apus apus           
BA226Apus apus           
BA228Apus melba           
BA228Apus melba           
BA227Apus pallidus           
BA091Aquila chrysaetos       
BA404Aquila heliaca           
BA404Aquila heliaca           
BA089Aquila pomarina           
BA087Buteo buteo           
BA087Buteo buteo           
BA087Buteo buteo           
BA088Buteo lagopus           
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla           
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus           
BA080Circaetus gallicus           
BA080Circaetus gallicus           
BA081Circus aeruginosus           
BA082Circus cyaneus           
BA083Circus macrourus           
BA373Coccothraustes coccothraustes           
BA208Columba palumbus           
BA231Coracias garrulus           
BA113Coturnix coturnix           
BA212Cuculus canorus           
BA253Delichon urbica           
BA253Delichon urbica           
BA379Emberiza hortulana           
BA379Emberiza hortulana           
BA381Emberiza schoeniclus           
BA269Erithacus rubecula           
BA269Erithacus rubecula           
BA101Falco biarmicus           
BA098Falco columbarius           
BA100Falco eleonorae           
BA095Falco naumanni           
BA103Falco peregrinus           
BA099Falco subbuteo           
BA097Falco vespertinus           
BA321Ficedula albicollis           
BA322Ficedula hypoleuca           
BA320Ficedula parva           
BA359Fringilla coelebs           
BA359Fringilla coelebs           
BA359Fringilla coelebs           
BA076Gypaetus barbatus       
BA076Gypaetus barbatus       
BA078Gyps fulvus    10  10     
BA093Hieraaetus fasciatus       
BA092Hieraaetus pennatus           
BA092Hieraaetus pennatus           
BA299Hippolais icterina           
BA439Hippolais olivetorum           
BA438Hippolais pallida           
BA438Hippolais pallida           
BA252Hirundo daurica           
BA252Hirundo daurica           
BA251Hirundo rustica           
BA251Hirundo rustica           
BA233Jynx torqilla           
BA338Lanius collurio           
BA339Lanius minor           
BA341Lanius senator           
BA341Lanius senator           
BA246Lullula arborea           
BA271Luscinia megarhynchos           
BA271Luscinia megarhynchos           
BA230Merops apiaster           
M1310Miniopterus schreibersii           
BA280Monticola saxatilis           
BA262Motacilla alba           
BA262Motacilla alba           
BA261Motacilla cinerea           
BA260Motacilla flava           
BA319Muscicapa striata           
BA319Muscicapa striata           
BA278Oenanthe hispanica           
BA278Oenanthe hispanica           
BA277Oenanthe oenanthe           
BA277Oenanthe oenanthe           
BA337Oriolus oriolus           
BA214Otus scops           
BA355Passer hispaniolensis           
BA355Passer hispaniolensis           
BA072Pernis apivorus           
BA273Phoenicurus ochruros           
BA273Phoenicurus ochruros           
BA274Phoenicurus phoenicurus           
BA313Phylloscopus bonelli           
BA315Phylloscopus collybita           
BA315Phylloscopus collybita           
BA314Phylloscopus sibilatrix           
BA316Phylloscopus trochilus           
BA250Ptyonoprogne rupestris           
BA317Regulus regulus           
M1304Rhinolophus ferrum-equinum           
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros           
BA249Riparia riparia           
BA275Saxicola ruberta           
BA155Scolopax rusticola           
BA210Streptopelia turtur           
BA210Streptopelia turtur           
BA351Sturnus vulgaris           
BA311Sylvia atricapilla           
BA311Sylvia atricapilla           
BA310Sylvia borin           
BA304Sylvia cantillans           
BA309Sylvia communis           
BA309Sylvia communis           
BA308Sylvia curruca           
BA306Sylvia hortensis           
BA440Sylvia rueppelli                 
BA166Tringa glareola           
BA285Turdus philomelos           
BA285Turdus philomelos           
BA232Upupa epops           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
  Acomys minus                   
  Anthemis chia                   
  Barlia robertiana                   
1201  Bufo viridis                   
  Campanula cretica                   
  Centaurea raphanina                   
  Cyclamen creticum                   
1327  Eptesicus serotinus                   
  Filago aegaea ssp. aristata                   
  Lathyrus neurolobus                   
  Limodorum abortivum ssp. abortivum                   
  Listera ovata                   
  Martes foina bunites                   
  Meles meles arcalus                   
  Orchis corallina                   
  Orchis italica                   
  Orchis laxiflora ssp. laxiflora                   
  Orchis pauciflora                   
  Polygala venulosa                   
  Stachys arvensis                   
  Suncus etruscus                   
  Tulipa cretica                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class

% Cover

Total Habitat Cover

0

Other Site Characteristics

The site (West Crete), is a mountainous area, begining at Elos on the north, and includes in a south direction the mountains of Dikaiost (1181m), Tsounaras (1102 m) and Kalivaki (1010 m). The mountainous vegetation is mainly phryganic, dominated by the shrubby perennials sarcopoterium spinosum, Erica manipuliflora, Genista acanthoclada and Cistis spp. There are the characteristic of west Crete wet dense matorrals formations with Arbutus unedo and Erica arborea on non - limestone substrate. One of the rare chestnut (Castanea sativa) grove in Crete is situated near the Elos settlement. Hygrophyllous vegetations of Oriental Planes or Nerium oleander occupy the intermittently river of Thergi gorge. Olea europea groves occupy a little part of the south part of the site.

4.2 Quality and importance

The site is important for species characteristic of Mediterranean scrub. Species of concern include: Gypaetus barbatus. The site includes important bird areas such as Koutroulis mount, areas with endemic plant species (Dikaios mount and gorge), important caves (Agia Sofia) with stenoendemic invertebrates (the spider Pholcus creticus is found only in this cave), as well as gorges, running waters and rare in Crete or characteristic plant formations, such as the chestnut groves and the Arbutus unedo maquis respectively.Birds of prey and vultures as Aquila chrysaetos, Gyps fylvus and Gypaetus barbatus breed on Koutroulis mount, while Falco peregrinus, Pernis apivorus and Falco eleonorae live in or pass through the site. The endemic species Centaurea argentea and Centaurea redempta (IUCN 1993) are both protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81) are found on Dikaios mount and at Topolia area. Lathyrus neurolobus, Carex cretica and Campanula cretica (included in section 3.3. by its synonym Symphyandra cretica) are rare endemic species (IUCN, 1993), also protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81), and occur on Elos area. Many greek or cretan endemic plants (listed on 3.3.) are also found on mountain Dikaios (chasmophytic flora). Brassica cretica ssp. cretica is a chasmophyte found only in C. & S. Lebanon out of Greece.The site is also rich in cretan endemic snails (listed on section 3.3), many of them occurring only in westen Crete.Reptile species (listed on section 3.3.) protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81) and by the Bern convention (Annex II & III), as well as bats and the shrew Suncus etruscus, also legally protected and (Greek Law and Bern Convention) and listed on the Red Data Book of Greece, are constant residents, populating many of the smaller caves at Topolia. Finally, Rhinolophus ferrumequinum ssp. creticum, included in section 3.2.c. as Rhinolophus ferrum-equinum, is a subspecies endemic to Crete.The Elos and Pervolia areas are also ecologically important for the rare in southern Greece formations of sweet chestnut groves and woods (Castanea sativa). Arbutus unedo maquis, also rare in southern Greece and Crete, occur in the site.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MF03.01i
MA01i
LF04i
ME01o
LF03.02o
ME01.02o
MA01o
LF03.02i
MA05.01o
LA05.01i
HA04o
MF03.01o
MK01.01o
ME01.02i
LD01.01o
MJ01o
MJ01i
MD01.02i
HA04i
LD01.01i
LG04.01o
MD01.02o
LF04o
MK01.01i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
ME01.02o
ME01.02i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

1) CORINE Information System. European Environment Agency. CORINE, Biotopes, 1991. 2) Ekonomidou E., 1988. Entopismos kai meleti ton ygroviotopon kai allon simantikon gia tin ornithopanida viotopon tis Kritis (Location and study of wetlands and of other important for Avifauna biotopes of Crete). Final Report. Volume 1. Patras University - Ministry of Environment, Physical Planning and Public Works.T 3) Grimmet R.F.A. & Jones, (Compilers) 1989 : Important Bird Areas in Europe (ICBP), Technical publication no 9. 4) Heath, M. F. and Evans, M. I., eds. 2000. Important Bird Areas in Europe: Priority sites for conservation. 2: Southern Europe. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International. BirdLife Conservation Series No. 8, p. 791. 5) Hellenic Ornithological Society, 1994 : Simantikes Periohes gia ta Poulia tis Elladas 6) Karandeinos, M. (ed.). 1992. To Kokkino Vivlio ton apeiloumenon spondylozoon tis Elladas (The Red Data Book of threatened vertebrates of Greece). Hellen. Zool. Soc. & Hellen. Orn. Soc. p. 373. 7) Kypriotakis, Z. : unpublished data. 8) Legakis A. (Editor), 1995 : Apeiloumena, Prostateyomena kai Endimika eidi Zoon tis Eladas. Zoologiko Mouseio, Tm. Viologias, Pan. Athinon. 9) Martens, J. 1967 : Plecotus austriacus (Fischer) auf Kreta mit Bermerkumgen zu weiteren Arten (Mammalia, Chiroptera). Bonn.zool.Beitr. 18(3-4) : 253-362 10) Kypriotakis Z., Tzanoudakis D. & Tsiouris G. M. 1996. Vegetation map of Crete. Proceedings of the 6 th Botanical Conference, 5 - 11 April 1996, Paralimni - Cyprus 301 - 306, (in greek). 11) Turland N.J., Chilton L. & Press J.R., 1993 : Flora of the Cretan area. The Natural History Museum, London : HMSO. 12) Valakos, E. Unpublished data. 13) Vardinoyannis K., 1994. Biogeografia ton cherseon malakion sto notio nisiotiko aigaiako toxo (Biogeography of land snails in the south Aegean arc). Ph.D. Thesis. Univerity of Athens. 14) Wettstein O. 1953 : Herpetologia aegaea. Sber.oest. Akad. Wiss. math.- naturw. Kl.Ab. I 162(9-10) : 651-833. 15) Georghiou K. 1995. Checklist of Endemic, Rare and Threatened Plants of Greece. Draft. University of Athens. (3.3, 3.4, 4.2) 16) Sowig P. 1985. Beitrage zur Kenntnis der Verbreitung und Okologie der Amphibien und Reptilien Kretas. Slamandra, 21 (4): 252 - 262. 17) Trichas A. 1996. Oikologia kai Biogeografia ton edafikon Koleopteron sto Notio Aigaio, me emfasi sti sunthesi, epoxiaki kai biotopiki diaforopiisi kai zoogeografia ton oikogeneion Carabidae kai Tenebridae. Didaktoriki Diatribi. Pan/mio Kritis. 18) Willwmse, F. 1984. Catalogue of the Orthoptera of Greece. Hell. Zool. Soc. P. 275.

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code

Cover [%]

Code

Cover [%]

Code

Cover [%]

GR9528.76

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:


designated at national or regional level:

Type code

Site name

Type

Cover [%]

GR95Agiou Dikaiou - Vitsinias kai Elafonisou Dimon Inachoriou ka*28.76
IN06Oros Koutroulis, Oros Agios Dikaios kai Oropedio Modia-0.00

designated at international level:

Type

Site name

Type

Cover [%]

Other Agiou Dikaiou - Vitsinias kai Elafonisou Dimon Inachoriou ka*28.76
Oros Koutroulis, Oros Agios Dikaios kai Oropedio Modia-0.00

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:FOREST DIRECTORATE OF CHANIA
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:
Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY