Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

GR4340017

1.3 Site name

CHERSONISOS GRAMVOUSAS KAI NISIDES IMERI KAI AGRIA GRAMVOUSA, PONTIKONISI KAI THALASSIA ZONI

1.4 First Compilation date

2001-10

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2001-10
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:23.585148
Latitude:38.539449

2.2 Area [ha]

12671.1600

2.3 Marine area [%]

77.8400

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR43Kriti

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA255Anthus campestris           
BA228Apus (Tachymarptis) melba           
BA228Apus (Tachymarptis) melba           
BA226Apus apus           
BA091Aquila chrysaetos           
BA087Buteo buteo           
BA010Calonectris diomedea           
BA010Calonectris diomedea    535  1000     
BA682Charadrius alexandrinus alexandrinus             
BA122Crex crex           
BA697Egretta garzetta garzetta           
BA100Falco eleonorae    70  100     
BA709Falco peregrinus brookei           
BA076Gypaetus barbatus           
BA707Hieraaetus fasciatus (Aquila fasciata)           
BA251Hirundo rustica           
BA251Hirundo rustica           
BA338Lanius collurio           
BA260Motacilla flava           
BA392Phalacrocorax aristotelis desmarestii           
BA700Plegadis falcinellus falcinellus           
BA691Podiceps cristatus cristatus           
BA692Podiceps nigricollis nigricollis           
BA464Puffinus yelkouan           
BA210Streptopelia turtur           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover

0

Other Site Characteristics

The site lays in the western part of Crete, including Granvousa peninsula, the islands Imeri Gramvousa and Agria Gramvousa offshore the northern edge of the peninsula, and the islet Pontikonisi, 10 km west of the centre of the peninsula.Almost all along, the pensinsula consists of rocky calcareous massifs with steep slopes which create rugged coastlines, inaccesible from the sea. Marine caves are a quite common feature of the coastline.The vegetation is mostly phryganic, dominated by the shrubby perennial Sarcopoterium spinosum, Coridothymus capitatus, Callicotome villosa, Cistus creticus and Ballota pseudodictamnus, as well as by dwarf forms (creeping) of Pistacia lentiscus and Ceratonia siliqua.At Balos bay, on the northwest, there are not extended coastal sand dunes with Erica manipuliflora and Pistacia lentiscus, while the area is known for the lagoons that are formed by the mainland and the small Tigani peninsula.The islands Agria and Imeri Gramvousa show almost similar vegetation character, with a greater percentage of rock and sand halophytic species. The marine area contains waters around Agria Gramvousa and Imeri Gramvousa islets, as well as the northern part of Gramvousa Peninsula, surrounding Cape Vouxa and mounts Tripiti and Oura. Steep coastal slopes with fallen rocks, which create numerous crevices, provide suitable nesting sites for colonial seabirds and raptors. The marine area in proximity to western Crete along the Hellenic Trench is regularly used by seabirds, , and also by cetaceans, such as the Sperm and Fin Whales, Risso's Dolphin, and the Common Bottle-nosed and Striped Dolphins. The 2.2 n.m. marine extension covers only part of the entire foraging range of the Calonestris diomedea along the northwestern coast of Crete.

4.2 Quality and importance

An important site for raptors associated with sea cliffs and seabirds. Species of concern include: Falco eleonorae and Calonestris diomedea The breeding population of the Calonestris diomedea on the islets west of Gramvousa Peninsula is one of the largest in Greece. The marine area surrounding the colonies is used for foraging, resting and rafting, however Calonestris diomedea have been recorded feeding in the wider area between Antikythira island in the north and Kisamos Gulf in the south.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA02.01b
HA05.03b
HC03.03bb
LD.03.02o
HG01b
MK.03.05i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR00100.00

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY