Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

GR4340022

1.3 Site name

LIMNI KOURNA KAI EKVOLI ALMYROU

1.4 First Compilation date

2002-10

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2002-10
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:24.276944
Latitude:35.332778

2.2 Area [ha]

192.7300

2.3 Marine area [%]

91.3000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR43Kriti

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA293Acrocephalus melanopogon           
BA293Acrocephalus melanopogon           
BA168Actitis hypoleucos    500  500     
BA168Actitis hypoleucos           
BA247Alauda arvensis           
BA229Alcedo atthis    100  100     
BA229Alcedo atthis    20  20     
BA054Anas acuta           
BA704Anas crecca crecca    15  15     
BA050Anas penelope    20  20     
BA705Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos    50  50     
BA055Anas querquedula           
BA703Anas strepera strepera           
BA228Apus (Tachymarptis) melba           
BA226Apus apus             
BA091Aquila chrysaetos           
BA090Aquila clanga           
BA699Ardea cinerea cinerea    500  500     
BA699Ardea cinerea cinerea       
BA634Ardea purpurea purpurea    150  150     
BA635Ardeola ralloides ralloides           
BA059Aythya ferina    20  20     
BA061Aythya fuligula       
BA060Aythya nyroca       
BA688Botaurus stellaris stellaris           
BA215Bubo bubo           
BA133Burhinus oedicnemus           
BA087Buteo buteo       
BA672Calidris alpina alpina           
BA147Calidris ferruginea           
BA145Calidris minuta           
BA146Calidris temminckii           
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus           
BA137Charadrius hiaticula           
BA734Chlidonias hybrida           
BA197Chlidonias niger           
BA667Ciconia ciconia ciconia    20  20     
BA081Circus aeruginosus           
BA082Circus cyaneus           
BA036Cygnus olor    30  30     
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)           
BA698Egretta alba (Casmerodius albus albus)           
BA697Egretta garzetta garzetta    300  300     
BA697Egretta garzetta garzetta           
BA379Emberiza hortulana           
BA511Falco cherrug           
BA100Falco eleonorae           
BA709Falco peregrinus brookei       
BA321Ficedula albicollis           
BA723Fulica atra atra    10  10     
BA723Fulica atra atra    200  300     
BA153Gallinago gallinago           
BA153Gallinago gallinago           
BA625Glareola pratincola pratincola           
BA076Gypaetus barbatus           
BA078Gyps fulvus           
BA130Haematopus ostralegus       
BA707Hieraaetus fasciatus (Aquila fasciata)           
BA092Hieraaetus pennatus (Aquila pennata)           
BA131Himantopus himantopus           
BA251Hirundo rustica           
BA251Hirundo rustica           
BA617Ixobrychus minutus minutus           
BA233Jynx torquilla           
BA338Lanius collurio           
BA181Larus audouinii           
BA176Larus melanocephalus           
BA614Limosa limosa limosa             
BA246Lullula arborea           
BA073Milvus migrans           
BA260Motacilla flava           
BA610Nycticorax nycticorax nycticorax           
BA337Oriolus oriolus           
BA771Passer hispaniolensis             
BA072Pernis apivorus           
BA391Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis         
BA393Phalacrocorax pygmaeus           
BA151Philomachus pugnax           
BA607Platalea leucorodia leucorodia       
BA700Plegadis falcinellus falcinellus    50  50     
BA692Podiceps nigricollis nigricollis    100  160     
BA719Porzana parva           
BA119Porzana porzana           
BA249Riparia riparia           
BA631Sterna (Sternula) albifrons albifrons           
BA191Sterna (Thalasseus) sandvicensis           
BA210Streptopelia turtur           
BA166Tringa glareola    100  100     
BA164Tringa nebularia           
BA165Tringa ochropus    200  200     
BA165Tringa ochropus           
BA163Tringa stagnatilis           
BA162Tringa totanus           
BA162Tringa totanus           
BA142Vanellus vanellus           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
A726Charadrius dubius curonicus                   
A726Charadrius dubius curonicus    20             
A726Charadrius dubius curonicus                   
A726Charadrius dubius curonicus    20             
A726Charadrius dubius curonicus                   
A726Charadrius dubius curonicus    20             
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A641Larus fuscus intermedius               
A641Larus fuscus intermedius               
A152Lymnocryptes minimus                   
A152Lymnocryptes minimus                   
A152Lymnocryptes minimus                   
A058Netta rufina                   
A058Netta rufina                   
A058Netta rufina                   
A158Numenius phaeopus                   
A158Numenius phaeopus                   
A158Numenius phaeopus                   
A435Oenanthe isabellina                   
A435Oenanthe isabellina                   
A690Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis    10             
A690Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis    13  13             
A690Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis    10             
A690Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis    13  13             
A690Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis    10             
A690Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis    13  13             
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N018.56
N0623.37
N088.13
N095.08
N2141.65
N2313.21

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The site includes the Almyros estuary, the area of Georgioupolis and the Kournas lake.The hydrological system supplies and maintains a great peripheral area of humid land, which, especially around Almyros estuary, is mixed either with cultivations or with land which used to be cultivated in the past. At the estuary there are Phragmites australis reed beds (a habitat type not included in Annex I, with Corine 91 code 53.1).Another feature of the site is the big number of underground cold springs which continuously supply with water Kournas lake and the freshwater habitats around Georgioupolis village, in particular: the last part of Almyros stream (close to the estuary), the delta of the stream and the estuary (the upper part of the channel of Almyros stream is dry during the summer months). At the lake-shore the vegetation is characterized by Vitex-agnus castus, Ulmus minor ssp. canescens and other hygrophilous species formations.

4.2 Quality and importance

This is an impportant site for breeding, migrant and wintering waterbirds. The lake of Kournas is the only natural freshwater lake in Crete. The whole freshwater system, including the lake, the marshes and Almyros stream and estuary in Georgioupolis, is one of the most important in the east Mediterranean region.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MC03.03bb
HG01b
HK01.03b
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR9555.46

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Limni Kourna Dimou Georgioupolis*55.46

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Limni Kourna Dimou Georgioupolis*55.46

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY