Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



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1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name

SZ Dalmacija i Pag

1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Croatian Agency for the Environment and Nature

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2013-07
National legal reference of SPA designationRegulation on Ecological Network (Official Gazette No. 124/2013)


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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]


2.4 Sitelength [km]:


2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
HR03Jadranska Hrvatska

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %) Marine Mediterranean (0.00 %)


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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA293Acrocephalus melanopogon    40  80     
BA229Alcedo atthis           
BA109Alectoris graeca    100  200     
BA054Anas acuta           
BA054Anas acuta    18     
BA056Anas clypeata           
BA052Anas crecca           
BA052Anas crecca    66  117     
BA050Anas penelope           
BA050Anas penelope    244  577     
BA053Anas platyrhynchos           
BA053Anas platyrhynchos    181  372     
BA055Anas querquedula           
BA051Anas strepera           
BA051Anas strepera           
BA255Anthus campestris    600  1000     
BA029Ardea purpurea           
BA029Ardea purpurea       
BA024Ardeola ralloides           
BA059Aythya ferina           
BA059Aythya ferina    44     
BA061Aythya fuligula           
BA021Botaurus stellaris           
BA215Bubo bubo    15  25     
BA067Bucephala clangula           
BA133Burhinus oedicnemus    40  60     
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla    50  200     
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus    150  250     
BA138Charadrius alexandrinus    12  20     
BA080Circaetus gallicus       
BA081Circus aeruginosus       
BA081Circus aeruginosus           
BA082Circus cyaneus    30  40     
BA084Circus pygargus    16  22     
BA026Egretta garzetta           
BA026Egretta garzetta    10  15     
BA098Falco columbarius       
BA095Falco naumanni           
BA103Falco peregrinus       
BA125Fulica atra           
BA125Fulica atra    469  6167     
BA153Gallinago gallinago           
BA153Gallinago gallinago    11  217     
BA002Gavia arctica    450  500     
BA001Gavia stellata    25  35     
BA127Grus grus           
BA078Gyps fulvus       
BA130Haematopus ostralegus           
BA131Himantopus himantopus           
BA131Himantopus himantopus    35  55     
BA338Lanius collurio    5000  7000     
BA339Lanius minor    20  30     
BA176Larus melanocephalus           
BA156Limosa limosa           
BA246Lullula arborea    100  200     
BA242Melanocorypha calandra    20  60     
BA069Mergus serrator    67  89     
BA160Numenius arquata           
BA160Numenius arquata    35  90     
BA158Numenius phaeopus           
BA392Phalacrocorax aristotelis desmarestii    10  30     
BA393Phalacrocorax pygmeus       
BA151Philomachus pugnax           
BA034Platalea leucorodia           
BA032Plegadis falcinellus       
BA120Porzana parva       
BA120Porzana parva    -1  -1             
BA119Porzana porzana    -1  -1             
BA118Rallus aquaticus           
BA118Rallus aquaticus           
BA195Sterna albifrons    20     
BA193Sterna hirundo    37  50     
BA191Sterna sandvicensis    80  100     
BA161Tringa erythropus           
BA166Tringa glareola           
BA164Tringa nebularia           
BA162Tringa totanus           
BA162Tringa totanus    43     
BA142Vanellus vanellus           
BA142Vanellus vanellus           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
A051Anas strepera    -1  -1             
A149Calidris alpina    40  190             
A152Lymnocryptes minimus                   
A141Pluvialis squatarola    25  50             
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

The SPA covers NW part of Dalmatia near the Zadar and also includes the island of Pag. This is the only extensive area with mud and sand flats, wide shallow bays, lagoons and sea straits in the Croatian littoral. The Pag island holds several smaller wetlands (Velo, Malo and Kolansko blato) as well as two out of three saltpans on Croatian coast ( Pag and Nin saltpans). Estuaries of rivers Zrmanja and Karišnica are also included. This is the most important wintering area for waders, divers, Sandwich Tern, sea ducks and grebes, and the most important breeding site of Kentish Plover in Croatia. Small islets are breeding sites of the Shag, Common and Little Tern. The area is important stopover site for waders during migration. Extensive xeric grasslands are important nesting site of Stone Curlew. Partly protected: Special ornithological reserves Kolansko blato-Blato Rogoza, Velo and Malo blato Lithostratigraphic units represented in this area are liburnian sediments, foraminiferal limestones and transitional sediments (Upper paleocene , lower and middle eocene - Pc, E1, 2) and rudist limestones (cenomanian-maastricht - K21-6). Soils are brown soil on limestone and anthropogenic soil on karst. Relief formations are extend in the Dinaric direction; island were formed by the process of sea transgression after the last glaciation 5000-6000 years ago. Regular series of limestone plateaus and hills was cut off by the flysch valley with marl and sandstones. Flysch valleys, that are partly submerged (Pag Bay, Dinjiška bay, Vlašić bay, etc.), and the whole morphostructures are extension of Ravni Kotari.

4.2 Quality and importance

- Information on birds population sizes was provided by the Institute for Ornithology (Zavod za ornitologiju, 2013) and Croatian Ornithological Society (COS). Numbers presented refer to estimations or exact data based as much as possible on recent surveys. The COS is implementing regular monitoring of wintering migratory waders and other waterbirds since 2004 - This is, along with the Neretva Delta, the most important coastal stop-over area for migratory waders - This is the most important wintering area for waders, divers, sea ducks, grebes and Sandwich Tern in Croatia; it holds 16% of national wintering population of Sterna sandwicensis, 22% of Gavia arctica, 31% of Gavia stellata and 25% of Egretta garzetta - This is the most important wintering area for national Red list species (NRL) Calidris alpina (40 % of national wintering population), Pluvialis squatarola (50%), Numenius arquata (58%) and Lymnocryptes minimus - This is the most important (one of two along with the Neretva Delta) breeding site of Charadrius alexandrinus in Croatia (86% of national breeding population) and the most important breeding site of Himantopus himantopus (55% of national breeding population). These two species are highly dependent on saltpan habitats - Small islets in the area are breeding sites of Sterna hirundo (9% of national breeding population), Sterna albifrons (5%) and Phalacrocorax aristotelis desmarestii (0,7%) - Extensive xeric grasslands are, along with the SPA Kvarnerski otoci, the most important nesting site of Burhinus oedicnemus in Croatia (33% of national breeding population); it also holds 12,5% of national breeding population of Melanocorypha calandra

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Agencija za zaštitu okoliša: CORINE Land Cover Hrvatska. Baza podataka CLC 2006 BIOM (2014: Letter to the State Institute for Nature Protection 1-14-69 from 4.July 2014 Crnković R. (2014): Monitoring kratkoprste ševe (Calandrella brachydactyla) na područjima Veliko Suhopolje i Suhopolje (POP Cetina) i na područjima Pag (Velo Blato), Pokrovnik, Privlaka, Dazlina i Velim. Završno izvješće za DZZP. Crnković, R. (2014): Završno izvješće o obavljenim monitorinzima 2014. - Velika ševa (Melanocorypha calandra). Izvješće za DZZP. Trogir Hrvatsko ornitološko društvo (2010): Izvješće o monitoringu odabranih ptičjih vrsta i područja važnih za ptice u 2010. na području mediteranske i alpske biogeografske regije Hrvatske. Izvješće za Državni zavod za zaštitu prirode, Zagreb Hrvatsko ornitološko društvo (2011): Motrenje zimujućih populacija plivarica (plijenori, gnjurci, vranci, patkarice, liske), čaplji, galebova i dugokljune čigre u sjeverozapadnom dijelu sjeverne dalmacije od zime 2008/09 - 2010/11. Izvješće za Državni zavod za zaštitu prirode, Zagreb Hrvatsko ornitološko društvo (2011): Motrenje zimujućih populacija ćurlina (Charadrii) u sjeverozapadnom dijelu Sjeverne Dalmacije od zime 2004/05 - 2010/11. Izvješće za Državni zavod za zaštitu prirode, Zagreb Leskovar, K. (2014): Monitoring morskog kulika (Charadrius alexandrinus) i vlastelice (Himantopus himantopus) na području SZ Dalmacije (uvale Plemići i Ljubač), okolica Nina (solana, Blato, Ždrijac, Privlaka) te solane Pag i Dinjiška u 2014 g. Završno izvješće za DZZP Mikulić K, Zec M, Hudina T, Kapelj S (2015) Narativni dio izvještaja projekta „Istraživanje i zaštita eje livadarke (Circus pygargus) u Hrvatskoj“ za Fond za zaštitu okoliša i energetsku učinkovitost. Udruga BIOM, Zagreb, 21 str. Radović, D., Kralj, J., Tutiš, V., Radović, J. i Topić, R. (2005): Nacionalna ekološka mreža – Važna područja za ptice u Hrvatskoj. Državni zavod za zaštitu prirode, Zagreb Tutiš, V., Kralj, J., Radović, D., Ćiković, D. i Barišić, S. (2013): Crvena knjiga ptica Republike Hrvatske. Ministarstvo zaštite okoliša i prirode, Državni zavod za zaštitu prirode, Zagreb Zavod za ornitologiju (Sanja Barišić, Davor Ćiković, Jelena Kralj, Goran Sušić,Vesna Tutiš), Dragan Radović, Ivan Budinski, Robert Crnković, Antun Delić, Dubravko Dender, Vlatka Dumbović, Ivan Darko Grlica, Bariša Ilić, Luka Jurinović, Davor Krnjeta, Krešimir Leskovar, Duje Lisičić, Ivica Lolić, Gordan Lukač. Kristijan Mandić, Krešimir Mikulić, Tibor Mikuska, Gvido Piasevoli, Andrej Radalj, Zlatko Ružanović, Vlatka Šćetarić, Mirko Šetina, Adrian Tomik (2013): Procjene brojnosti za SPA područja. Državni zavod za zaštitu prirode, Zagreb


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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

No, but in preparation



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Map delivered as PDF in electronic format (optional)