Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

HR2000447

1.3 Site name

Nacionalni park Risnjak

1.4 First Compilation date

2012-12

1.5 Update date

2015-04

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Croatian Agency for the Environment and Nature
Address:               
Email:info@dzzp.hr
Date site proposed as SCI:2013-07
Date site confirmed as SCI:2014-12
Date site designated as SAC: No data
National legal reference of SAC designation: No data

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:14.651000
Latitude:45.431000

2.2 Area [ha]

6345.0353

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
HR03Jadranska Hrvatska

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Alpine (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
4030  info      15  0.00 
4060  info      25  0.00 
4070  info  X     680  0.00 
5130  info      20  0.00 
6110  info  X     0.00 
6170  info      140  0.00 
6210  info  X     96  0.00 
6230  info  X     50  0.00 
6520  info      20  0.00 
8120  info      20  0.00 
8210  info      20  0.00 
8310  info      6.00 
9110  info      400  0.00 
91E0  info  X     140  0.00 
91K0  info      6580  0.00 
9410  info      139  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
P4089Arabis scopoliana           
I1093Austropotamobius torrentium           
M1352Canis lupus       
P1604Eryngium alpinum           
I1065Euphydryas aurinia           
I4019Leptodirus hochenwarti    localities   
M1361Lynx lynx           
I1089Morimus funereus           
I1087Rosalia alpina           
M1354Ursus arctos    10  10     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
1762Arnica montana                     
Blysmus compressus                     
Botrychium matricariifolium                     
Campanula cochlearifolia                     
Carex echinata                     
Carex flava                     
Carex hostiana                     
Carex lepidocarpa                     
Carex serotina                     
Dactylorhiza incarnata                     
Equisetum hyemale                     
Eriophorum latifolium                     
Gentiana lutea ssp. symphyandra                     
Helleborus niger ssp. macranthus                     
Ilex aquifolium                     
Leontopodium alpinum ssp. krasense                     
Lilium carniolicum                     
Lilium martagon                     
Pedicularis hoermanniannai                     
Platanthera bifolia                     
Tofieldia calyculata                     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N060.52
N082.73
N090.38
N1630.18
N1710.09
N1956.10

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The geographical or geotectonics area of the Risnjak National Park belongs to the system of Dinaric mountains which represent the natural bond between the Alps and the Balkan mountains. It is a strong limestone area with very specific ecological, geomorfological and hydrological characteristics. The Risnjak National Park is influenced by Adriatic climate characteristics and the continental climate which interferes with each other within this area and determines its climate specificity. Pleasantly mild hot summers with an average temperature of 20°C are rotated with rainy autumns and springs and long, snowy and cold winters. In the higher areas the average temperatures decrease noticeably and the quantity of precipitations increase which is connected to the quantity of air humidity, the intensity of cloud cover, fog and other such phenomena. The main characteristic of the National Park’s flora is the relatively high number of species, up to 1148 species and sub-species. The Risnjak area has, in the past, and continues today, been home to the brown bear (Ursus arctos), the wolf (Canis lupus) and the lynx (Lynx lynx). Within the Risnjak National Park area and its surrounding areas, to date 114 bird species have been registered. In the National Park itself 78 bird species nest and are mostly nesting birds which live in the forest. Lithostratigraphic units represented in this area are limestones and dolomites (upper jurassic - J3), fatlayered limestone and dolomite (middle jurassic - J2), limestone and dolomite (lower jurassic-J1) etc. Soils: limestone and dolomite black soil, brown soil on limestone, rendzina on gravel. Highest western and northwestern part include peaks of massif Risnjak i Snježnik, central and southeastern part includes karst plateau and northern Kupa River valley with torrential streams Krašićevica and Sušica. The entire territory is dominated by ridge Risnjak, whose direction is approximately dinaric (NNW-SSE)​​.

4.2 Quality and importance

- conserved forests represent optimal habitat type for Morimus funereus and Rosalia alpina, especially parts around spring area of Kupa river - important site for Leptodirus hochenwartii ssp. croaticus which is distributed in the area of Gorski kotar; one of six subspecies of species L. hochenwartii in total and one of four distributed in Croatia; species is assessed as rare at the area of whole site but is more common at some of these five specific localities (Prva jama) - important site for butterfly species Euphydryas aurinia - the site is of importance for the conservation of Austropotamobius torrentium in Alpine Biogeographical region in Croatia - important site for Arabis scopoliana - important site for all three large carnivores (Lynx lynx, Ursus arctos and Canis lupus) - important site for 9110, As Blechno-Fagetum, which is developed on silicate, rather rare supstrate in Croatia; Cover is based on the Habitat map of National Park Risnjak that is a part of the Management plan of National Park Risnjak - important site for 91E0, As Alnetum glutinoso-incanae - important site for 91K0, As Omphalodo - Fagetum; As Ranunculo platanifolii-Fagetum; As Polysticho lonchitis-Fagetum; Cover is based on the Habitats map of NP Risnjak - important site for 9410; usually developed on steep slopes and limestone blocks; cover was taken from Hrvatske šume database, this HT was not mapped in the Habitat map of NP Risnjak - one of four important sites for habitat type 6520 in Croatia - important site for habitat type 6210* - important site for Bushes with Pinus mugo and Rhododendron hirsutum (Mugo-Rhododendron hirsuti)*

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA04
HA04.03
LA06.01.02
LB02.01.02
LD01
LD02
LD06
LE01
LE02.03
LE03.01
LE03.04
LF01
LF04
LF06
LG01
LG05
HH04
MH05.01
LI01
LJ01
LJ03.02
LL
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Alegro, A. i Bogdanović, S. (2009): Analiza vrsta Aquilegia kitaibelii, Arabis scopoliana, Cerastium dinaricum, Eryngium alpinum i Genista holopetala za potrebe projekta NATURA 2000. Izvještaj. Baza podataka Hrvatske šume d.o.o. BIOM, HYLA, SUNCE, WWF (2014): Shadow list: Hrvatsko biospeleološko društvo – Argumenti za stanišni tip 8310 Špilje i jame zatvorene za javnost Državni zavod za zaštitu prirode (2013): Izvješće o stanju populacije risa u Hrvatskoj za razdoblje 2011. i 2012. godine. Zagreb. Hmura, D., Čuković, T. & Bregović, P. (2013): Program praćenja stanja vrste Leptodirus hochenwartii Schmidt, 1832 u Republici Hrvatskoj. Hravstko biospeleološko društvo, Zagreb. Hrašovec, B. (2009): Znanstvena analiza kornjaša sa popisa iz Dodatka II Direktive o zaštiti prirodnih staništa i divlje faune i flore s prijedlogom važnih područja za očuvanje vrste u RH. Šumarski fakultet, Zagreb. Huber, Đ. (2008): Velike zvijeri u područjima Natura 2000. Zavod za biologiju, Veterinarski fakultet, Sveučilište u Zagrebu. Jalžić, B. i Bilandžija H. (2008): Znanstvena analiza podzemnih vrsta s Dodatka II Direktive o zaštiti prirodnih staništa i divlje faune i flore: Leptodirus hochenwartii. Hrvatsko biospeleološko društvo. Hrvatski prirodoslovni muzej. Zagreb. Jalžić, B. i Bilandžija H. (2009): Znanstvena analiza podzemnih vrsta s Dodatka II Direktive o zaštiti prirodnih staništa i divlje faune i flore: Leptodirus hochenwartii. Hrvatsko biospeleološko društvo. Zagreb. Javna ustanova Nacionalni park Risnjak (2007): Plan upravljanja Nacionalni park Risnjak. Crni Lug, 2007. Karta staništa Nacionalnog parka Risnjak (1:25000). Maguire, I.; Klobučar, G.; Faller, M. & Gottstein, S. (2007): Izvješće o postojećim podacima za potrebe izrade prijedloga potencijalnih Natura 2000 područja; slatkovodni rakovi (Astacus astacus, Austropotamobius torrentium i Austropotamobius pallipes). Ozimec, R. i sur. (2007): Popis biospeleološki važnih speleoloških objekata. Hrvatsko biospeleološko društvo. Zagreb. Šašić-Kljajo, M. i Mihoci, I. (2009): Znanstvena analiza vrsta noćnih i danjih leptira s Dodatka II Direktive o zaštiti prirodnih staništa i divlje faune i flore za potrebe izrade prijedloga potencijalnih NATURA 2000 područja. Hrvatski prirodoslovni muzej, Zagreb. Šikić, Z. (ur.) (2007): Plan upravljanja Nacionalnim parkom Risnjak. Ministarstvo kulture Republike Hrvatske, Crni lug.

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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Map delivered as PDF in electronic format (optional)
Yes
No

SITE DISPLAY